Louisiana History - the history of Louisiana
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Louisiana   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Louisiana History

   
 

Louisiana History


In pre-Columbian times, the area that is today the state of Louisiana was home to many Native American peoples. These included the Atakapa, Chitmacha, Bayougoula, Houma, Avoyel, Tunica and Caddo.

The first Europeans to visit the region were Spanish explorers in the 16th century. In 1528, Panfilo de Narvaez's expedition visited the mouth of the Mississippi River, and in 1541, Hernando de Soto crossed the region. The French began arriving in the late 17th century and quickly established settlements. Robert Cavelier de La Salle named the region "Louisiana" in honor of the French King, Louis XIV, in 1682. And a settlement, Fort Maurepas, was established in 1699 (at what is now Ocean Springs, Mississippi, near Biloxi.

The French colony of Louisiana contained land on both sides of the Mississippi River and extended all the way to Canada, including all or part of the following present-day states: Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, South Dakota and North Dakota.

Following the Seven Years' War (generally known in the US as the "French and Indian War"), control of most of the territory east of the Mississippi River, with the exception of the area around New Orleans passed to the British, and the rest of French Louisiana became a colony of Spain. During this period, French-speaking refugees from Acadia (French colonies in Canada and New England) arrived in what is today Southwest Louisiana, their descendants eventually becoming known as the Cajun people.

In 1800, France reacquired Louisiana from Spain in a secret treaty, however three years, in 1803, the territory was sold to the United States, in the Louisiana Purchase.

The United States divided Louisiana into two parts; the Orleans Territory (which was to become the state of Louisiana in 1812), and the District of Louisiana (which was all the rest of the land acquired in the Louisiana Purchase).

A boundary dispute then arose between the US and Spain over West Florida, with the Spanish insisting that this region had not been sold back to France in 1800. However, in the meantime, British settlers have moved into the area, and rebelled against Spain in 1810 forming the short-lived West Florida Republic, which was later annexed to the United States (eventually becoming Louisiana's Florida Parishes) by Presidential proclamation.

During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), Louisiana seceded and joined the Confederates States of America. New Orleans was captured by the Union in the Spring of 1862, and because a significant part of the state's population had pro-Union sympathies, those parts of the state which were under federal control were designated as a state within the Union - even going so far as having their own representatives in the Congress.

Following the Civil War, Louisiana went through a difficult period of Reconstruction. For a brief period, the idea of equality for former slaves flourished, but soon segregation, Jim Crow laws, and racial discrimination were imposed. The famous court case, Plessy v. Ferguson, in which the US Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation was legal so long as it did not result in obvious inequality ("separate but equal") was a result of these events in Louisiana. Racial segregation lasted for the best of a century, only being abolished in the 1960s, as a result of the nationwide Civil Rights struggle.

In the first half of 20th century, New Orleans became an important center for jazz music. During the period of the Great Depression, the state's Governor, Huey Long, became famous for his radical populist and redistribution policies.

In 2005, Louisiana (along with other states on the Gulf of Mexico coast) was hit by Hurricane Katrina. In particular, when New Orleans was battered by the hurricane, the city's levees and flood walls were breached, and much of the city, which was largely below sea level, was flooded.


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Louisiana: A History

Wiley-Blackwell
Paperback (552 pages)

Louisiana: A History
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Covering the lively, even raucous, history of Louisiana from before First Contact through the Elections of 2012, this sixth edition of the classic Louisiana history survey provides an engaging and comprehensive narrative of what is arguably America’s most colorful state.

  • Since the appearance of the first edition of this classic text in 1984, Louisiana: A History has remained the best-loved and most highly regarded college-level survey of Louisiana on the market
  • Compiled by some of the foremost experts in the field of Louisiana history who combine their own research with recent historical discoveries
  • Includes complete coverage of the most recent events in political and environmental history, including the continued aftermath of Katrina and the 2010 BP oil spill
  • Considers the interrelationship between Louisiana history and that of the American South and the nation as a whole
  • Written in an engaging and accessible style complemented by more than a hundred photographs and maps

Louisiana History Collection - Volume 1 (Louisiana History Boxed Sets)

By Jennifer Blake

Steel Magnolia Press
Released: 2012-11-17
Kindle Edition (1054 pages)

Louisiana History Collection - Volume 1 (Louisiana History Boxed Sets)
 
Product Description:
Romance ignites amidst the tumult of a territory striving to find its identity as it passes from pre-colonial rule to US statehood and beyond. Parts 1 and 2 of the Louisiana History Collection present these lush, politically tense historical romances in chronological order.

FIERCE EDEN
Reynaud, half Natchez Indian, requires that Elise share his bedroll in exchange for saving her friends during an uprising. Widowed after a brutish marriage, Elise fears intimacy more than the Natchez. How can she view Reynaud as an enemy after his tender introduction to love?

LOUISIANA DAWN
Cyrene rescues a handsome rake from drowning for the sake of his silver lace. In return, she requests he relieve her of her tiresome virginity. She expects to be her own woman afterward...but fails to reckon with René's skill or her own lonely heart.

EMBRACE AND CONQUER
Félicité despises the Irish colonel who marches into New Orleans with the Spanish conquerors; pride demands she escape from his beguiling embrace. Will he let her go, or follow into the trap of a pirate's lair?

Strange True Stories of Louisiana

By George Cable

Pelican Publishing
Released: 1994-05-30
Paperback (368 pages)

Strange True Stories of Louisiana
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Revealing historical tales of the Southern mystique.,

“From various necessities of the case I am sometimes the story-teller, and sometimes, in the reader’s interest, have to abridge; but I add no fact and trim naught of value away. . . . In time, place, circumstance, in every essential feature, I give them as I got them―strange stories that truly happened, all partly, some wholly, in Louisiana.”

―George W. Cable

Featuring seven factual accounts of life and history in the area, this compilation includes tales of French nuns, haunted houses, and even a Union woman trapped behind Civil War battle lines. Cable brings together all the unusual and unique aspects of New Orleans and the South in this literary collection.

Louisiana History Collection - Volume 2 (Louisiana History Boxed Sets)

By Jennifer Blake

Steel Magnolia Press
Released: 2012-11-17
Kindle Edition (1299 pages)

Louisiana History Collection - Volume 2 (Louisiana History Boxed Sets)
 
Product Description:
Romance ignites amidst the tumult of a territory striving to find its identity as it passes from pre-colonial rule to US statehood and beyond. Parts 1 and 2 of the Louisiana History Collection present these lush, politically tense historical romances in chronological order.

SPANISH SERENADE
Pilar persuades a notorious bandit to abduct her as she travels to her arranged wedding. Everything goes wrong, and she is left to El Leon's mercy. But what if he has none...?

PERFUME OF PARADISE
Elene's perfume has Voodoo magic meant to captivate her groom. But when an island uprising halts the wedding, it's the ship captain trapped with her who feels its effects. Is the desire between Ryan and Elene real - or as false as those who surround them?

PRISONER OF DESIRE
Anya abducts infamous duelist Ravel Duralde to save a young man from his deadly skill. Ravel is intrigued - and in no hurry to escape. Desire builds inside their intimate prison, yet danger lies outside, waiting for Anya to let him go....

SOUTHERN RAPTURE
Strait-laced Lettie arrives in Louisiana from the northeast after the Civil War - and her true nature flowers in the southern heat. She must be depraved that she can revel in the kisses of both the mysterious nightrider known as The Thorne and sweetly handsome Ranny who was brain-injured during the war....

Louisiana Interactive Notebook: A Hands-On Approach to Learning About Our State! (Louisiana Experience)

By Carole Marsh

Gallopade Pub Group
Paperback (52 pages)

Louisiana Interactive Notebook: A Hands-On Approach to Learning About Our State! (Louisiana Experience)
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A true-time saver, the Louisiana Interactive Notebook: A Hands-On Approach to Learning About Our State! includes ready-to-use pages and instructions that make state-studies fun and successful for the whole class. The Louisiana Interactive Notebook: A Hands-On Approach to Learning About Our State! is more than just a notebook for taking notes it is a way of collecting and thinking about information. The Louisiana Interactive Notebook: A Hands-On Approach to Learning About Our State! helps students become creative, independent, and reflective thinkers, readers, and writers. Students learn to express their own ideas and apply skills learned in class. The Louisiana Interactive Notebook: A Hands-On Approach to Learning About Our State! gives teachers ready-to-use pages, templates, instructions, writing prompts, and more, making it easy to start using their interactive notebooks today!

A History of Louisiana (Classic Reprint)

By Grace King

Forgotten Books
Paperback (338 pages)

A History of Louisiana (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from A History of Louisiana

In presenting this History of Louisiana to the people of the State, the authors find it necessar to say a word of preface. Their intention has been to write a histo. Y that would give the children of Louisiana a simple and true account of the progress of the State from the earliest times of discovery down to the present era. It is hoped, however, that the work will not prove uninteresting to older persons as well.

Every effort has been made to secure accuracy of detail; but as some errors may have crept in, the authors will be glad to receive notice of any that meet the eye of the critic.

If a subsequent edition is demanded, the authors expect to enrich their work with further illustrations. Especially do they hope to obtain portraits of all the State governors - a task which it has been found impossible to accomplish in time for this edition.

It may be added that all the artistic and mechanical portion of the work was done in New Orleans - the book is entirely a home product.

The authors desire to thank the librarians of the Fisk, the Howard, and the State Libraries for uniform courtesy and kindness in putting at their disposal the rich historical treasures from which the materials of this work are drawn.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

A History of Louisiana Vol. 1 (Volume 1)

By Alcée Fortier

Cornerstone Book Publishers
Paperback (286 pages)

A History of Louisiana Vol. 1 (Volume 1)
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This is volume one of four. This highly respected history of Louisiana is packed with rare details and information on the early history of Louisiana and is published in four volumes. Photographic reproduction of 1904 first edition. Illustrated. DON'T FORGET: This is a FOUR book set with each book sold separately. The ISBNs are: 1613420382, 1613420390, 1613420404 & 1613420412.

Teche: A History of Louisiana's Most Famous Bayou (America's Third Coast Series)

By Shane K. Bernard

University Press of Mississippi
Hardcover (272 pages)

Teche: A History of Louisiana s Most Famous Bayou (America s Third Coast Series)
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Shane K. Bernard’s Teche examines this legendary waterway of the American Deep South. Bernard delves into the bayou’s geologic formation as a vestige of the Mississippi and Red Rivers, its prehistoric Native American occupation, and its colonial settlement by French, Spanish, and, eventually, Anglo-American pioneers. He surveys the coming of indigo, cotton, and sugar; steam-powered sugar mills and riverboats; and the brutal institution of slavery. He also examines the impact of the Civil War on the Teche, depicting the running battles up and down the bayou and the sporadic gunboat duels, when ironclads clashed in the narrow confines of the dark, sluggish river.

Describing the misery of the postbellum era, Bernard reveals how epic floods, yellow fever, racial violence, and widespread poverty disrupted the lives of those who resided under the sprawling, moss-draped live oaks lining the Teche’s banks. Further, he chronicles the slow decline of the bayou, as the coming of the railroad, automobiles, and highways reduced its value as a means of travel. Finally, he considers modern efforts to redesign the Teche using dams, locks, levees, and other water-control measures. He examines the recent push to clean and revitalize the bayou after years of desecration by litter, pollutants, and invasive species. Illustrated with historic images and numerous maps, this book will be required reading for anyone seeking the colorful history of Louisiana and the Gulf Coast.

As a bonus, the second part of the book describes Bernard’s own canoe journey down the Teche’s 125-mile course. This modern personal account from the field reveals the current state of the bayou and the remarkable people who still live along its banks.

Embrace and Conquer (The Louisiana History Collection Book 2)

By Jennifer Blake

Steel Magnolia Press
Released: 2012-08-04
Kindle Edition (342 pages)

Embrace and Conquer (The Louisiana History Collection Book 2)
 
Product Description:
The handsome mercenary demands her surrender...

Félicité despises the Spanish and their mercenaries who march into New Orleans to subdue the French Creoles revolting against Louisiana's transfer to Spain. Still, she is not foolish enough to insult them. It's her adoptive brother Valcour who does that, though she gets the blame. Because of it, and in a desperate bid to prevent the execution of her father for treason, she becomes the mistress of ruthless Irish privateer and Spanish officer, Lt. Colonel Morgan McCormack.

Morgan regrets his misjudgment of Félicité but cannot let her go, not even after her father faces a firing squad. When she flees New Orleans to join brother following the tragedy, he sails in her wake aboard his vessel, the Black Stallion.

Félicité lands on a tropical island that's a pirate haven where desperate men vie to have her. Though claimed once more by the Irish privateer, she must rescue him in her turn, for someone will stop at nothing to see them both dead. Can courage and desperate desire ever lead to trust and love?

New York Times and Publishers Weekly Bestseller
A Doubleday Book Club Selection

Louisiana History Grades 5-8: Greatways To Teach And Learn

By Linda Chavez

Brand: Plutarch Publications Inc.
Paperback (64 pages)

Louisiana History Grades 5-8: Greatways To Teach And Learn
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The GREATways to Teach and LearnTM series are books intended to supplement curriculum and textbooks. The information and activities presented in Louisiana History Grades 5-8 engage the learner in active practice of basic skills required in this content area. Activities are designed with various learning styles in mind to include every child in the learning process. Louisiana History Grades 5-8 complies with State Curriculum Standards and includes a chart to assess the level at which a child is able to complete each standard presented. Students using this book will learn the state symbols, geography, and history of Texas and complete maps of major cities and geographical regions. This book was written by teachers to provide grade appropriate standards, practice, and application in a straightforward, easy to understand manner. Appropriate materials and presentation produce comprehension. Practice produces proficiency. Application produces students able to interact with the real world.


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