Georgia History - the history of Georgia
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Georgia   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Georgia History

   
 

Georgia History


When Europeans first arrived in what is now Georgia, the area was inhabited by Cherokee and Creek Indians. It is not certain who was the first European to visit Georgia, but it is possible that Juan Ponce de Leon (who named Florida) sailed along the coast. In any case, in the 16th century, both French and Spanish explorers visited the area and attempted to establish colonies.

Britain and Spain came into conflict over the area in the 1670s, when the new British colony of South Carolina began to clash with the Northern missionary provinces of Spanish Florida. The Spanish missionary provinces were destroyed in 1704 by Yamasee Indians who were allied with the British, but the Yamasee were in turn decimated in the Yamasee War of 1715 to 1716 and then fled to Florida. This left the coast of Georgia depopulated, and the British were quick to exploit this with the establishment of a new colony and massive immigration beginning in the early 1730s.

During the American Revolution, Savannah was captured by British and Loyalist forces. Georgia had a functioning Loyalist government of the coastal regions, and remained, with New York City, a Loyalist bastion until the end of the war.

Gold was discovered in the North of the state 1829, and this prompted a brief gold rush and the establishment of a Federal Mint which continued to operate until 1861. As a result of the arrival of white settlers, the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was passed, and all the Eastern Indian tribes, including Georgia's Cherokee population, was sent West to Indian reservations in Oklahoma.

Georgia was a slave state, and seceded to join the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1861 to 1865). During the Civil War, Georgia was the scene of many battles, Atlanta was burned to the ground, and the state was also the scene of General Sherman's March to the Sea (which of course forms the background setting to Gone with the Wind).

During the civil rights period, Georgia was an important battleground. The state governor Marvin Griffin pleding to defend racial segregation "come hell or high water", but other Georgians worked for civil rights, the latter group including Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the campaigning editor of the Atlanta Constitution, Ralph Emerson McGill.


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Georgia: A Brief History

By Christopher C. Meyers

Mercer University Press
Paperback (286 pages)

Georgia: A Brief History
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Here, for the first time is a brief, balanced, and up-to-date history of Georgia from the early Native Americans to the twenty-first century. Based on the most recent research, Georgia: A Brief History surveys the people and events that shaped our state's history in a style that reads easily and flows effortlessly.

Beginning with the earliest Native American settlements, the story tells of first contacts between area natives and Spanish from Florida, British from Carolina, and James Oglethorpe leading the effort to found a colony called Georgia. That colony passed out of the British Empire during the American Revolution, a conflict that was as much a civil war as a war for independence. In the following decades, the Creek and Cherokee were driven out as Georgia was transformed into a cotton kingdom dominated by a minority of slaveholders, who finally sought to make slavery perpetual in a war that often pitted Georgians against each other.

In the aftermath of the Civil War, the state struggled with the consequences of the conflict, political, social, and economic. The postwar years were highlighted by economic stagnation, questions over the meaning of freedom, and one-party politics. Race relations pervaded the state's history after the Civil War until well into the twentieth century and those struggles are traced from Reconstruction to Jim Crow to the Civil Rights Era.

In the latter half of the twentieth century, and carrying into the twenty-first, Georgia drifted away from the provincialism that characterized its history and moved toward modernity.

Georgia Odyssey

By James Cobb

Brand: University of Georgia Press
Released: 2008-05-25
Paperback (200 pages)

Georgia Odyssey
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Georgia Odyssey is a lively survey of the state’s history, from its beginnings as a European colony to its current standing as an international business mecca, from the self-imposed isolation of its Jim Crow era to its role as host of the centennial Olympic Games and beyond, from its long reign as the linchpin state of the Democratic Solid South to its current dominance by the Republican Party. This new edition incorporates current trends that have placed Georgia among the country’s most dynamic and attractive states, fueled the growth of its Hispanic and Asian American populations, and otherwise dramatically altered its demographic, economic, social, and cultural appearance and persona.

“The constantly shifting cultural landscape of contemporary Georgia,” writes James C. Cobb, “presents a jumbled panorama of anachronism, contradiction, contrast, and peculiarity.” A Georgia native, Cobb delights in debunking familiar myths about his state as he brings its past to life and makes it relevant to today. Not all of that past is pleasant to recall, Cobb notes. Moreover, not all of today’s Georgians are as unequivocal as the tobacco farmer who informed a visiting journalist in 1938 that “we Georgians are Georgian as hell.” That said, a great many Georgians, both natives and new arrivals, care deeply about the state’s identity and consider it integral to their own. Georgia Odyssey is the ideal introduction to our past and a unique and often provocative look at the interaction of that past with our present and future.

A History of Georgia

Brand: University of Georgia Press
Hardcover (462 pages)

A History of Georgia
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This standard history of the state of Georgia was first published in 1977. Documenting events from the earliest discoveries by the Spanish to the rapid changes undergone during the civil rights era, the book gives broad coverage to the state's social, political, economic and cultural history. For this new edition, available for the first time in paperback, the book has been revised to bring the work up through events of the 1980s and the bibliographies for each section and the appendices have been updated to include relevant scholarship from the decade of the 1980s.

Georgia: In the Mountains of Poetry

By Peter Nasmyth

The Overlook Press
Released: 2017-09-26
Hardcover (400 pages)

Georgia: In the Mountains of Poetry
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The essential introduction to modern Georgia’s history and culture, now fully updated for researchers and armchair travelers alike

Georgia has been called the world’s most beautiful country, yet only little is known about it beyond its borders. This topical and vital book by the “ideal chronicler” (Literary Review) Peter Nasmyth is the perfect and much-celebrated introduction to its remarkable people, landscape, and culture.

Over its 3,000-year-old history, Georgia has been ruled by everyone from the Greeks to the Ottomans, became a coveted part of the Russian Empire for a hundred years, and was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1921. In twenty-five years, Georgia has undergone a dramatic socioeconomical and political transformation, and although its political situation remains precarious, Georgia’s strong sense of nationhood has reinvigorated the country.

Vivid and comprehensive, Nasmyth’s Georgia: In the Mountains of Poetry is a unique eyewitness account of Georgia’s rebirth and creates an unforgettable portrait of its remarkable landscape, history, people and culture. Based on personal experience and offering fascinating insights into the life of ordinary and high profile Georgians, it is essential reading for anyone who does not yet know, or wants to know more, of this astonishing place.

180 b&w images

Georgia:: A State History (Making of America (Arcadia))

By Buddy Sullivan

Brand: Arcadia Publishing
Released: 2010-05-10
Paperback (208 pages)

Georgia:: A State History (Making of America (Arcadia))
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Georgia's past has diverged from the nation's and given the state and its people a distinctive culture and character. Some of the best, and the worst, aspects of American and Southern history can be found in the story of what is arguably the most important state in the South. Yet just as clearly Georgia has not always followed the road traveled by the rest of the nation and the region. Explaining the common and divergent paths that make us who we are is one reason the Georgia Historical Society has collaborated with Buddy Sullivan and Arcadia Publishing to produce Georgia: A State History, the first full-length history of the state produced in nearly a generation. Sullivan's lively account draws upon the vast archival and photographic collections of the Georgia Historical Society to trace the development of Georgia's politics, economy, and society and relates the stories of the people, both great and small, who shaped our destiny. This book opens a window on our rich and sometimes tragic past and reveals to all of us the fascinating complexity of what it means to be a Georgian.

Lost Towns of North Georgia (Hidden History)

By Lisa M. Russell

The History Press
Released: 2016-10-17
Paperback (176 pages)

Lost Towns of North Georgia (Hidden History)
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When the bustle of a city slows, towns dissolve into abandoned buildings or return to woods and crumble into the North Georgia clay. The remains of numerous towns dot the landscape--pockets of life that were lost to fire or drowned by the water of civic works projects. In 1832, Auraria was one of the sites of the original American gold rush. Cassville was a booming educational and cultural epicenter until 1864. Allatoona found its identity as a railroad town. Author and professor Lisa M. Russell unearths the forgotten towns of North Georgia.

Georgia: A Political History Since Independence

By Stephen Jones

I.B.Tauris
Paperback (400 pages)

Georgia: A Political History Since Independence
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Georgia emerged from the fall of the Soviet empire in 1991 with the promise of swift economic and democratic reform. But that promise remains unfulfilled. Economic collapse, secessionist challenges, civil war and the failure to escape the legacy of Soviet rule―culminating in the 2008 war with Russia―characterise a two-decade struggle to establish democratic institutions and consolidate statehood. Here, Stephen Jones critically analyses Georgia’s recent political and economic development, illustrating what its ‘transition’ has meant, not just for the state, but for its citizens as well. An authoritative and commanding exploration of Georgia since independence, this is essential for those interested in the post-Soviet world.

Georgia: The History of an American State

By Bonita Bullard London

Clairmont Pr
Hardcover (662 pages)

Georgia: The History of an American State
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James Oglethorpe was angry after a friend of his died in debtors' prison and he called for an investigation into the conditions of British jails. He also formulated a plan to obtain the release of people from debtors' prison and to establish a new colony, south of Carolina, to be inhabited by the "worthy poor" of London. The "worthy poor" included the debtors and other homeless people. In the Royal Charter (June 20, 1732), granted by King George II for the colony of Georgia, a board of Trustees was established to fulfill this goal. As it happened, however, this plan was never fully realized. When the ship Anne sailed for the new colony on November 16, 1732, not one of the 114 colonists aboard had been released from debtors' prison to make the voyage. By early February, 1733, a small group of settlers was headed up the Savannah River. They landed at Yamacra Bluff on February 12th and Oglethorpe began the process of laying out lots for Savannah, Georgia. General James Oglethorpe's colony was the only U.S. colony founded as a refuge for the "poor and deserving". February 12, 1998 marked 265 years since Oglethorpe and his shipload of settlers founded Georgia. Since that time, Georgia has become the commercial leader of the region. The state now ranks first in the production of peanuts, pecans, lima beans and pimiento peppers. Savannah has been called "this nation's most beautiful city" and Atlanta has become the leading transportation center of the southeast.

Backroads & Byways of Georgia (First Edition) (Backroads & Byways)

By David B. Jenkins

COUNTRYMAN
Released: 2017-06-06
Paperback (304 pages)

Backroads & Byways of Georgia (First Edition)  (Backroads & Byways)
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A road guide to the Peach State

Georgia’s varying but always lovely landscapes have long made its roads some of the most well-travelled and much-loved in the country. Backroads & Byways of Georgia offers twenty-five of the best short and long rides the state has to offer. Take a ride down through historic Savannah and the Atlantic Coastal Plain in the south, or cruise along the Appalachians in the northwest, or catch sight of the sublime Blue Ridge Mountains of Georgia’s northeast.

At the intersection of so much geographical diversity, Georgia makes a remarkable driver’s getaway, always with something new to discover―whether you’re looking to get lost in its abundant natural beauty or experience the cityscapes of Atlanta or Columbus. As with all of our Backroads & Byways titles, this book equips you with itineraries appropriate for visits of differing durations and in different seasons, tips for comfortable accommodations, great food, and good shopping too.

100 color photographs and 10 maps

Garden History of Georgia, 1733–1933

University of Georgia Press
Released: 2018-04-15
Hardcover (480 pages)

Garden History of Georgia, 1733–1933
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With the growth of the garden club movement in the South during the early years of the twentieth century, interest also developed in identifying and recording the region’s important gardens and landscapes. In 1933 Atlanta’s Peachtree Garden Club produced Garden History of Georgia, 1733–1933 in recognition of the state’s bicentennial.

Part 1 of the book, “Georgia’s Early Gardens,” by Florence Marye, gives “a comprehensive record of gardening in Georgia from Oglethorpe’s day, 1733, to the most modern garden of 1933.” Part 2, one of seven publications produced in the South from 1923 to 1939 that surveyed statewide garden histories, documents “Modern Gardens” both formal and rustic throughout all the physiographic regions of the state. Part 3, “Garden Club Projects, Institutional Gardens, School Gardens and Campuses,” shows such impressive gardens as Atlanta’s West View Cemetery and the campuses of Oglethorpe University, Berry College, and the University of Georgia. Thoughtfully illustrated with period and historic photographs and garden plans, the survey is complemented by a genealogy of Georgia gardens and a summary of historic plants and planting styles.

Garden History of Georgia is a loving document of the gardening history of the state that covers well-known public gardens such as Barnsley Gardens in Bartow County and the Andrew Low House in Savannah, while offering a look at some of Georgia’s most impressive private gardens. Distinguished by their variety, the Georgia gardens documented here span just over two hundred years. These homes and gardens still resonate with the modern viewer because they represent the people who created them, their relationship with the natural environment, and a tradition of cultural expression that continues today.



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