Massachusetts History - the history of Massachusetts
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Massachusetts   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Massachusetts History

   
 

Massachusetts History


Before the arrival of Europeans, the area that is today the state of Massachusetts was inhabited by various Algonquian-speaking Native American peoples including the Massachusett, the Pennacook, the Wampanoag, the Nauset, the Nipmuc, the Pocomtuc, the Mahican, the Narragansett and Mohegan. Sadly however, all these peoples were soon decimated by smallpox when Europeans first arrived in North America.

In 1620, the Pilgrims arrived from England on the Mayflower, establishing a colony at Plymouth. Like the Native Americans, the Pilgrims suffered from smallpox. They were however helped by the Wampanoags, and celebrated their first Thanksgiving with the Native Americans in 1621. The English settlers were known to the Native Americans, as Yengeeze (their pronunciation of "English"). This is the origin of the word "Yankee".

In the following decades, the Pilgrims were followed by Puritans, who established a colony at Boston, as well as Anglicans and Quakers. However there were religious tensions, with Quakerism banned, and four Quakers hanged on Boston Colony. The English colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island were founded at this time by dissenters fleeing the lack of religious tolerance in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

In the reign of King James II of England, who was an outspoken Catholic, the Massachusetts Bay Colony's charter was annulled. A short-lived Dominion of New England was formed, but the Royal Governor was overthrown by the colonials. After James' overthrow, the Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony (Boston) were merged, and a new royal charter was granted in 1692.

1692 was also signalled the Salem witch trials. The trials lasted until May 1693, and resulted in the deaths of 20 people (14 women and 6 men), and the imprisonment of more than 150.

Massachusetts was an important location in the run-up to, and during the the American Revolution (1775 to 1783). Samuel Adams, John Adams, and John Hancock all came from the state, and Boston was the site of the Boston Massacre (1770) and the Boston Tea Party (1773). Additionally, the Battle of Lexington and Concord, and the Battle of Bunker Hill both took place within the state.

In the early 19th century, Massachusetts became a leader in industrialization. Textiles mills were established in Boston, and the United States' first commercial railroad, the Granite Railway, was established in 1826.

Immediately, following the American Revolution, Massachusetts had been the first state to assert that slavery was no longer permitted. In the first half of the 19th century, abolitionist sentiment and activity continued to grow within the state. As a result, Massachusetts was one of the first states to respond to President Lincoln's call for troops, and also was the first state to recruit a black regiment, the 54th Massachustts Volunteer Infantry.

In the early years of the 20th century, Massachusetts had a strong industrial economy, with Boston serving as the the second most important port in the country. The economy however began to falter during the 1920s, and the state was hit hard by the Great Depression that began in 1929.

After World War II, and a difficult transition period, Massachusetts gradually transitioned to a largely service and technology based economy. The state is also an important educational center, containing many nationally and internationally reknown colleges and universities, including Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University.


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Massachusetts: A Concise History

By Richard D. Brown

University of Massachusetts Press
Released: October 16th, 2000
Paperback (400 pages)

Massachusetts: A Concise History
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Massachusetts: A Concise History
  • Manufacturer: University of Massachusetts Press
  • Brand: University of Massachusetts Press
  • ISBN: 1558492496
  • EAN: 9781558492493
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  • Edition: REV AND EXPANDED ed.
  • Number of Pages: 400
  • Authors: Richard D. Brown, Jack Tager
  • Publication Date: October 16th, 2000
  • Release Date: October 16th, 2000
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  • Weight: 1.4991433816 Pounds
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The Atlas of Boston History

University of Chicago Press
Released: October 10th, 2019
Hardcover (224 pages)

The Atlas of Boston History
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  • ISBN: 022663115X
  • EAN: 9780226631158
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  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: First
  • Number of Pages: 224
  • Publication Date: October 10th, 2019
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  • Weight: 4.25 Pounds
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Boston and the State of Massachusetts:: Cool Stuff Every Kid Should Know (Arcadia Kids)

By Kate Boehm Jerome

Arcadia Publishing
Released: May 2nd, 2011
Paperback (48 pages)

Boston and the State of Massachusetts:: Cool Stuff Every Kid Should Know (Arcadia Kids)
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  • ISBNs: 9781439600993, 1439600996
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  • Number of Pages: 48
  • Author: Kate Boehm Jerome
  • Publication Date: May 2nd, 2011
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The Massachusetts Chronicles: The History of Massachusetts from Earliest Times to the Present Day (What on Earth State Chronicles)

By Mark Skipworth

What on Earth Books
Released: September 1st, 2020
Hardcover (54 pages)

The Massachusetts Chronicles: The History of Massachusetts from Earliest Times to the Present Day (What on Earth State Chronicles)
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The Massachusetts Chronicles: The History of Massachusetts from Earliest Times to the Present Day (What on Earth State Chronicles)
  • Manufacturer: What on Earth Books
  • Brand: What on Earth Books
  • ISBN: 1999802802
  • EAN: 9781999802806
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  • Format: Picture Book
  • Edition: Illustrated
  • Number of Pages: 54
  • Authors: Mark Skipworth, Linda Coombs
  • Publication Date: September 1st, 2020
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  • Weight: 0.9 Pounds
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Massachusetts (A True Book: My United States)

By Cody Crane

Children's Press
Released: September 1st, 2017
Paperback (48 pages)

Massachusetts (A True Book: My United States)
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  • ISBN: 0531232891
  • EAN: 9780531232897
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  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: Illustrated
  • Number of Pages: 48
  • Author: Cody Crane
  • Publication Date: September 1st, 2017
  • Release Date: September 1st, 2017
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  • Weight: 0.2 Pounds
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A Season with the Witch: The Magic and Mayhem of Halloween in Salem, Massachusetts

By J. W. Ocker

Countryman Press
Released: October 4th, 2016
Paperback (352 pages)

A Season with the Witch: The Magic and Mayhem of Halloween in Salem, Massachusetts
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  • ISBN: 1581573391
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  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 352
  • Author: J. W. Ocker
  • Publication Date: October 4th, 2016
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Battleship Massachusetts: Naval History Special Edition

By Vincent O'Hara

Naval Institute Press
Released: July 15th, 2021
Paperback (120 pages)

Battleship Massachusetts: Naval History Special Edition
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  • Number of Pages: 120
  • Author: Vincent O'Hara
  • Publication Date: July 15th, 2021
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History of North Brookfield, Massachusetts: Preceded by an Account of Old Quabaug, Indian and English Occupation, 1647-1676; Brookfield Records, 1686-1783

By Josiah Howard Temple

Andesite Press
Released: August 11th, 2015
Hardcover (864 pages)

History of North Brookfield, Massachusetts: Preceded by an Account of Old Quabaug, Indian and English Occupation, 1647-1676; Brookfield Records, 1686-1783
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  • ISBN: 1297743113
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  • PartNumber: black & white illustrations
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  • Number of Pages: 864
  • Authors: Josiah Howard Temple, Charles Adams
  • Publication Date: August 11th, 2015
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The Lowells of Massachusetts: An American Family

By Nina Sankovitch

St. Martin's Press
Released: April 11th, 2017
Hardcover (400 pages)

The Lowells of Massachusetts: An American Family
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  • ISBN: 1250069203
  • EAN: 9781250069207
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  • Edition: First Edition
  • Number of Pages: 400
  • Author: Nina Sankovitch
  • Publication Date: April 11th, 2017
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University of Massachusetts, Amherst (MA) (Campus History)

By Steven R. Sullivan

Arcadia Publishing
Released: August 24th, 2004
Paperback (128 pages)

University of Massachusetts, Amherst (MA) (Campus History)
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  • ISBN: 0738535303
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  • Number of Pages: 128
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  • Publication Date: August 24th, 2004
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