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Vacation 2 USA   >   Illinois   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Illinois History

   
 

Illinois History


Cahokia, the center of the Native American Mississippian culture was located in southern Illinois near present-day Collinsville. When the Mississippian culture disappeared, a political alliance of several tribes, the Illinwek Confederation dominated the region, until they in turn were replaced by the Potawatomi, Miami and Sauk tribes.

Probably the first Europeans to visit the area were the French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet, in 1673. As a result, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763. However, following the Seven Years' War (generally known in the US as the "French and Indian War"), control of the area passed to Britain. In 1783, after the American Revolution, the area became part of the United States' Northwest Territory.

The Illinois Territory was created in 1809, and in 1818 Illinois was admitted to the United States as the 21st state, the last Native American tribes being driven out in 1832.

Illinois served an important part in the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), and contributed over 250,000 men to the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. These men in total mustered 150 infantry regiments, 17 cavalry regiments, and 2 light artillery regiments.

The state was struck by disaster in 1871 when fire broke out in Chicago. This fire, known as the "Great Chicago Fire" killed hundreds and destroyed about 4 square miles (10 km2). Even today, this event is remembered: the second star of the city's municipal flag commemorates the event.

Illinois was continued to grow in the 20th century, and among other things is notable as the site of the first nuclear power generating reactor (Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago in 1957), and the first McDonald's franchise (Des Plaines in 1960).


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Illinois: A History of the Land and Its People

By Roger Biles

Northern Illinois University Press
Released: October 6th, 2005
Paperback (351 pages)

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  • ISBN: 087580604X
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  • Number of Pages: 351
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  • Publication Date: October 6th, 2005
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Brooklyn Dodgers: An Informal History (Writing Baseball)

By Mr. Frank Graham Jr.

Brand: Southern Illinois University Press
Released: April 1st, 2002
Paperback (272 pages)

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  • ISBN: 080932413X
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  • Number of Pages: 272
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The Chatfield Story: Civil War Letters and Diaries of Private Edward L. Chatfield of the 113th Illinois Volunteers

By Terry M. McCarty

Booksurge Publishing
Released: September 17th, 2009
Paperback (596 pages)

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  • ISBN: 1419697226
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The State of Southern Illinois: An Illustrated History (Shawnee Books)

By Herbert K. Russell

Southern Illinois University Press
Released: March 16th, 2012
Hardcover (232 pages)

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  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: 1st
  • Number of Pages: 232
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  • Publication Date: March 16th, 2012
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Illinois Bucket List Adventure Guide: Explore 100 Offbeat Destinations You Must Visit!

By Tim Brown

Bridge Press
Released: October 16th, 2021
Paperback (132 pages)

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  • ISBN: 1955149453
  • EAN: 9781955149457
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  • Number of Pages: 132
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  • Publication Date: October 16th, 2021
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Corn Kings and One-Horse Thieves: A Plain-Spoken History of Mid-Illinois

By James Krohe Jr

Southern Illinois University Press
Released: June 21st, 2017
Paperback (360 pages)

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History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Illinois (Shawnee Books)

By Margaret Kimball Brown

Southern Illinois University Press
Released: November 27th, 2013
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Mysterious Illinois

By Troy Taylor

Whitechapel Productions
Released: January 31st, 2006
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Lives of Fort de Chartres: Commandants, Soldiers, and Civilians in French Illinois, 1720–1770 (Shawnee Books)

By David MacDonald

Southern Illinois University Press
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Building the Black Metropolis: African American Entrepreneurship in Chicago (New Black Studies Series)

By Robert E. Weems Jr.

University of Illinois Press
Released: August 10th, 2017
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