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Vacation 2 USA   >   Illinois   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Illinois History

   
 

Illinois History


Cahokia, the center of the Native American Mississippian culture was located in southern Illinois near present-day Collinsville. When the Mississippian culture disappeared, a political alliance of several tribes, the Illinwek Confederation dominated the region, until they in turn were replaced by the Potawatomi, Miami and Sauk tribes.

Probably the first Europeans to visit the area were the French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet, in 1673. As a result, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763. However, following the Seven Years' War (generally known in the US as the "French and Indian War"), control of the area passed to Britain. In 1783, after the American Revolution, the area became part of the United States' Northwest Territory.

The Illinois Territory was created in 1809, and in 1818 Illinois was admitted to the United States as the 21st state, the last Native American tribes being driven out in 1832.

Illinois served an important part in the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), and contributed over 250,000 men to the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. These men in total mustered 150 infantry regiments, 17 cavalry regiments, and 2 light artillery regiments.

The state was struck by disaster in 1871 when fire broke out in Chicago. This fire, known as the "Great Chicago Fire" killed hundreds and destroyed about 4 square miles (10 km2). Even today, this event is remembered: the second star of the city's municipal flag commemorates the event.

Illinois was continued to grow in the 20th century, and among other things is notable as the site of the first nuclear power generating reactor (Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago in 1957), and the first McDonald's franchise (Des Plaines in 1960).


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Illinois: A History of the Land and Its People

By Roger Biles

Northern Illinois University Press
Released: October 6th, 2005
Paperback (351 pages)

Illinois: A History of the Land and Its People
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  • ISBN: 087580604X
  • EANs: 8580001008974, 9780875806044
  • PartNumber: Illustrations, maps
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  • Number of Pages: 351
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  • Publication Date: October 6th, 2005
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Corn Kings and One-Horse Thieves: A Plain-Spoken History of Mid-Illinois

By James Krohe Jr

Southern Illinois University Press
Released: June 21st, 2017
Paperback (360 pages)

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The Illinois Chronicles: The Story of the State of Illinois - From its Birth to the Present Day (What on Earth State Chronicles)

By Mark Skipworth

What on Earth Books
Released: February 14th, 2018
Hardcover (42 pages)

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  • ISBN: 0995577013
  • EAN: 9780995577015
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  • Number of Pages: 42
  • Author: Mark Skipworth
  • Publication Date: February 14th, 2018
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Illinois: A History in Pictures

By Gerald A. Danzer

University of Illinois Press
Released: January 25th, 2016
Paperback (264 pages)

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  • ISBNs: 025208179X, 9780252081798
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  • PartNumber: 68 color photographs, 102 black and whit
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  • Number of Pages: 264
  • Author: Gerald A. Danzer
  • Publication Date: January 25th, 2016
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Frontier Illinois (A History of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier)

By James E. Davis

Indiana University Press
Released: August 22nd, 2000
Other Paperback (544 pages)

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  • ISBNs: 9780253214065, 0253214068
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  • PartNumber: 13 b&w photos
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  • Number of Pages: 544
  • Author: James E. Davis
  • Publication Date: August 22nd, 2000
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Illinois History: A Reader (Common Threads)

By Mark Hubbard

University of Illinois Press
Released: May 15th, 2018
Paperback (256 pages)

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  • ISBN: 0252083644
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Illinois (A True Book: My United States)

By Josh Gregory

Children's Press
Released: September 1st, 2017
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Oddball Illinois: A Guide To 450 Really Strange Places (Oddball Series)

By Jerome Pohlen

Chicago Review Press
Released: May 1st, 2012
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History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Illinois (Shawnee Books)

By Margaret Kimball Brown

Southern Illinois University Press
Released: November 27th, 2013
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History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Illinois (Shawnee Books)
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Roadside History of Illinois

By Stan Banash

Mountain Press
Released: June 15th, 2013
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Roadside History of Illinois
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