Alaska History - the history of Alaska
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Alaska   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Alaska History

   
 

Alaska History


Alaska was first populated by humans who came across from Asia via the Bering Land Bridge. It was via this route that most, if not all, of the pre-Columbian population reached the Americas. The Native American population included Inupiaq, Inuit and Yupik Eskimos, and Aleuts.

The first Europeans to reach Alaska came from Russia. Alaska became a Russian colony in 1744, although the first Russian settlement was founded only in 1784. Spanish ships also explored the coast and made some settlements during the 18th century. The names of some Spanish settlements such as Cordova and Valdez survive to this today.

Following the British North America Act of 1867, which created the unified dominion of Canada, U.S. Secretary of State William Seward urged, and the U.S. Senate approved, a treaty purchasing Alaska from Imperial Russia for US$7,200,000. The U.S. took possession of the territory, and raised the American flag on October 18th, 1867, which is still commemorated as "Alaska day". After the purchase, the area was initially called the Department of Alaska. Between 1884 and 1912, it was called the District of Alaska. Alaska was granted territorial status in 1912.

During World War II, three of the outer Aleutian Islands (Attu, Agattu and Kiska) were occupied by Japanese troops. This was the only area within the current borders of the United States to have been occupied by enemy forces during the war.

On January 3rd, 1959, Alaska became a US state. On March 27th, 1964, a major earthquake, known as the "Good Friday Earthquake" or "Great Alaska Earthquake", hit Alaska killing 131 people, and causing tsunamis which destroyed several towns and villages.


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Alaska: A History

By Claus M. Naske

University of Oklahoma Press
Released: November 18th, 2014
Paperback (520 pages)

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  • Publication Date: November 18th, 2014
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Alaska: A Novel

By James A. Michener

Dial Press
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The Great Book of Alaska: The Crazy History of Alaska with Amazing Random Facts & Trivia (A Trivia Nerds Guide to the History of the United States)

By Bill O'Neill

Independently published
Released: October 12th, 2018
Paperback (180 pages)

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  • Manufacturer: Independently published
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  • Number of Pages: 180
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Alaska: Saga of a Bold Land

By Walter R. Borneman

Harper Perennial
Released: January 20th, 2004
Paperback (640 pages)

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The Floor of Heaven: A True Tale of the Last Frontier and the Yukon Gold Rush

By Howard Blum

Broadway Books
Released: March 27th, 2012
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Tip of the Iceberg: My 3,000-Mile Journey Around Wild Alaska, the Last Great American Frontier

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Spirits of Southeast Alaska: The History & Hauntings of Alaska's Panhandle

By James P. Devereaux

Epicenter Press, Incorporated
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History Of Alaska: 1730-1885

By Hubert Howe Bancroft & Ivan Petroff

Palala Press
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Alaska's History: The People, Land, and Events of the North Country (Alaska Pocket Guide)

By Harry Ritter

Alaska Northwest Books
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