Alabama History - the history of Alabama
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Alabama   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Alabama History

   
 

Alabama History


Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the area that is today Alabama was inhabited various Native American peoples including the Alibamu, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati and Mobile.

The first European settlement in Alabama, was established by the French at Mobile in 1702. As a result, southern Alabama was French from 1702 to 1763. This region subsequently became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1780, and later Spanish West Florida from 1780 to 1814.

The northern parts of Alabama were part of British Georgia from 1763 to 1783. This area became part of the American Mississippi Territory following the American Revolution (1775 to 1783).

In 1819, Alabama, became the 22nd state admitted to the Union. During this part of the 19th century, Alabama, was home to many large cotton plantations, which were worked by slaves. In the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), in an attempt to retain slavery, which it was thought was under threat of abolition, Alabama, seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America.

Alabama's slaves were emanicipated after the defeat of the Confederacy, at the end of the Civil War. Like many other southern states, Alabama went through a difficult period of Reconstruction. The state however remained a poor rural state, with an economy closely tied to cotton, and with legally enforced racial segregation (and consequent high racial tension).

Things gradually began to change in Alabama, as result of the changes wrought by World War II. In particular, the economy was no longer solely focused around cotton, with the emergence of growing industrial and service sectors.

Politically things also began to change in Alabama in the post-war period. The state, especially the cities of Birmingham and Montgomery, became a important and prominent location during the civil rights struggle. Eventually, despite the opposition of the state's Governor, George Wallace, to Federal integration efforts, blacks regained the right to vote, and Jim Crow segregation laws disappeared.


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Alabama: The History of a Deep South State, Bicentennial Edition

By William Warren Rogers & Leah Rawls Atkins

University Alabama Press
Released: September 18th, 2018
Paperback (816 pages)

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  • ISBN: 0817359176
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  • Number of Pages: 816
  • Authors: William Warren Rogers, Robert David Ward, Leah Rawls Atkins, Wayne Flynt
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My Alabama: John Dersham Photographs a State

By John Alexander Dersham

NewSouth Books
Released: May 15th, 2019
Hardcover (224 pages)

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The Annotated Pickett's History of Alabama: And Incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi, from the Earliest Period

By James Albert Pickett

NewSouth Books
Released: October 1st, 2018
Hardcover (736 pages)

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  • ISBN: 1588380327
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Alabama: The Making of an American State

By Edwin C. Bridges

University Alabama Press
Released: October 25th, 2016
Paperback (264 pages)

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  • Number of Pages: 264
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The Rise and Decline of the Redneck Riviera: An Insider's History of the Florida-Alabama Coast

By Harvey H. Jackson III

University of Georgia Press
Released: March 1st, 2013
Paperback (352 pages)

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Historic Indian Towns in Alabama, 1540-1838

By Amos J. Wright Jr.

University Alabama Press
Released: June 4th, 2003
Paperback (264 pages)

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Alabama Scoundrels: Outlaws, Pirates, Bandits & Bushwhackers (True Crime)

By Kelly Kazek

The History Press
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Alabama's Civil Rights Trail: An Illustrated Guide to the Cradle of Freedom (Alabama The Forge of History)

By Frye Gaillard

University Alabama Press
Released: March 2nd, 2010
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An Irresistible History of Alabama Barbecue: From Wood Pit to White Sauce (American Palate)

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The History Press
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Hidden History of North Alabama

By Jacquelyn Procter Reeves

The History Press
Released: May 6th, 2010
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