Puerto Rico History - the history of Puerto Rico
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Puerto Rico   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Puerto Rico History

   
 

Puerto Rico History



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War Against All Puerto Ricans: Revolution and Terror in America's Colony

By Nelson A Denis

Nation Books
Released: 2016-03-29
Paperback (400 pages)

War Against All Puerto Ricans: Revolution and Terror in America s Colony
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In 1950, after over fifty years of military occupation and colonial rule, the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico staged an unsuccessful armed insurrection against the United States. Violence swept through the island: assassins were sent to kill President Harry Truman, gunfights roared in eight towns, police stations and post offices were burned down. In order to suppress this uprising, the US Army deployed thousands of troops and bombarded two towns, marking the first time in history that the US government bombed its own citizens.

Nelson A. Denis tells this powerful story through the controversial life of Pedro Albizu Campos, who served as the president of the Nationalist Party. A lawyer, chemical engineer, and the first Puerto Rican to graduate from Harvard Law School, Albizu Campos was imprisoned for twenty-five years and died under mysterious circumstances. By tracing his life and death, Denis shows how the journey of Albizu Campos is part of a larger story of Puerto Rico and US colonialism.

Through oral histories, personal interviews, eyewitness accounts, congressional testimony, and recently declassified FBI files, War Against All Puerto Ricans tells the story of a forgotten revolution and its context in Puerto Rico's history, from the US invasion in 1898 to the modern-day struggle for self-determination. Denis provides an unflinching account of the gunfights, prison riots, political intrigue, FBI and CIA covert activity, and mass hysteria that accompanied this tumultuous period in Puerto Rican history.

Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know®

By Jorge Duany

Duany Jorge
Released: 2017-03-01
Paperback (208 pages)

Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know®
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Acquired by the United States from Spain in 1898, Puerto Rico has a peculiar status among Latin American and Caribbean countries. As a Commonwealth, the island enjoys limited autonomy over local matters, but the U.S. has dominated it militarily, politically, and economically for much of its recent history. Though they are U.S. citizens, Puerto Ricans do not have their own voting representatives in Congress and cannot vote in presidential elections (although they are able to participate in the primaries). The island's status is a topic of perennial debate, both within and beyond its shores. In recent months its colossal public debt has sparked an economic crisis that has catapulted it onto the national stage and intensified the exodus to the U.S., bringing to the fore many of the unresolved remnants of its colonial history.

Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know® provides a succinct, authoritative introduction to the Island's rich history, culture, politics, and economy. The book begins with a historical overview of Puerto Rico during the Spanish colonial period (1493-1898). It then focuses on the first five decades of the U.S. colonial regime, particularly its efforts to control local, political, and economic institutions as well as to "Americanize" the Island's culture and language. Jorge Duany delves into the demographic, economic, political, and cultural features of contemporary Puerto Rico-the inner workings of the Commonwealth government and the island's relationship to the United States. Lastly, the book explores the massive population displacement that has characterized Puerto Rico since the mid-20th century.

Despite their ongoing colonial dilemma, Jorge Duany argues that Puerto Ricans display a strong national identity as a Spanish-speaking, Afro-Hispanic-Caribbean nation. While a popular tourist destination, few beyond its shores are familiar with its complex history and diverse culture. Duany takes on the task of educating readers on the most important facets of the unique, troubled, but much beloved isla del encanto.

History of Puerto Rico: A Panorama of Its People

By Fernando Pico

Fernando Pico
Paperback (384 pages)

History of Puerto Rico: A Panorama of Its People
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One of Puerto Rico's leading historians, Fernando Pico has had tremendous influence over our currect understanding of Puerto Rican society. Here, he examines the ways in which developments in the courts and commercial centers of the Americas, Europe, and Africa have affected the common people, who have tried since the nineteenth century to take control of their political, social and economic lives. Pico expands his landmark 1986 book, Historia General, for this first updated American edition to include movements and events as recent as the fight for Vieques. This English edition has been updated and translated by the author.

The History of Puerto Rico: From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation

By R. A. Van Middeldyk

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (304 pages)

The History of Puerto Rico: From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation
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The author of this volume was the first to give to the reader of English a record of Spanish rule in this 'pearl of the Antilles.' Mr. Van Middeldyk was the librarian of the Free Public Library of San Juan, an institution created under American civil control. He has had access to all data obtainable in the island, and has faithfully and conscientiously woven it into a connected narrative, thus giving the reader a view of the social and institutional life of the island for four hundred years.

"Puerto Rico has an interesting history. Its four centuries under Spanish control is a record of unusual and remarkable events. But this record has remained unknown to the American people. It has never been written satisfactorily even in the Spanish language. The author is the first to give English readers a record of Spanish rule in this 'pearl of the Antilles.'" -The Dial

"He has portrayed the salient characteristics of the life of the island, described the acts of the reigning government and pointed out the evils of colonial rule, and the book enables the reader to form a fairly accurate idea of the past and present state of Puerto Rico." -The Inland Printer

"Description of the four centuries of Spanish history as regards Puerto Rico." -St. Louis Public Library Monthly Bulletin

"Worth reading by all who are interested in the development of the country." -Philadelphia Inquirer

"This book is of much value not only as being the only history of Puerto Rico available, but for its intrinsic merits." -Newark News

"It afford the American people a clearer insight into the past history, the present conditions, and the future needs of the island." -Chicago Inter Ocean

"Besides the running account of the political, military and civil history, there are interesting chapters on the people and their institutions. The book ought to find many readers among those who desire to keep pace with the problems which confront our government in connection with the enlarged responsibilities assumed as a result of the Spanish-American war." -The Standard

The History of Puerto Rico

By R.A. Van Middeldyk

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (142 pages)

The History of Puerto Rico
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A fascinating history of Puerto Rico by R.A. Van Middeldyk.

Puerto Rico in the American Century: A History Since 1898

By César J. Ayala

Brand: The University of North Carolina Press
Released: 2009-02-01
Paperback (448 pages)

Puerto Rico in the American Century: A History Since 1898
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Offering a comprehensive overview of Puerto Rico's history and evolution since the installation of U.S. rule, Cesar Ayala and Rafael Bernabe connect the island's economic, political, cultural, and social past. Puerto Rico in the American Century explores Puerto Ricans in the diaspora as well as the island residents, who experience an unusual and daily conundrum: they consider themselves a distinct people but are part of the American political system; they have U.S. citizenship but are not represented in the U.S. Congress; and they live on land that is neither independent nor part of the United States.

Highlighting both well-known and forgotten figures from Puerto Rican history, Ayala and Bernabe discuss a wide range of topics, including literary and cultural debates and social and labor struggles that previous histories have neglected. Although the island's political economy remains dependent on the United States, the authors also discuss Puerto Rico's situation in light of world economies. Ayala and Bernabe argue that the inability of Puerto Rico to shake its colonial legacy reveals the limits of free-market capitalism, a break from which would require a renewal of the long tradition of labor and social activism in Puerto Rico in connection with similar currents in the United States.



Puerto Rico: An Interpretive History from Pre-Columbian Times to 1900

By Olga Jimenez de Wagenheim

Brand: Markus Wiener Pub
Paperback (302 pages)

Puerto Rico: An Interpretive History from Pre-Columbian Times to 1900
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A detailed analysis of Puerto Rican society during the Spanish colonial period, highlighting the roles and responsibilities of women and workers. Rather than celebrating the victors, the author has composed the book from the viewpoint of the colonized, suppressed and exploited.

Puerto Rico: A Political and Cultural History

By Arturo Morales Carrión

W. W. Norton & Company
Paperback (400 pages)

Puerto Rico: A Political and Cultural History
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The people of Puerto Rico today are caught in a centuries-old dilemma of identity.

In this non-partisan text, Arturo Morales Carrión discusses the island's social, institutional, and cultural evolution and provides a historical perspective on all political positions.

Attention to problems related to the Puerto Rican search for identity makes this a book of special interest to Americans and Puerto Ricans alike. "Understanding the island," says the author, "involves transcending the confines of American nationalism in an effort at empathy and insight. Only through mutual understanding and respect will the United States and Puerto Rico face with hope and creativity the many baffling and thorny issues of the present."

Free Puerto Rico

By Pedro Albizu Campos

Ingramcontent
Paperback (24 pages)

Free Puerto Rico
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Born in Ponce, Puerto Rico, on the island’s southern coast, Don Pedro was the most uncompromising fighter for Puerto Rican independence of the 20th Century, spending two decades behind bars for his activities. Albizu Campos was arrested on several occasions for advocating and organizing violent uprisings against the occupying power. During his final incarceration, which lasted from 1954-1964, Don Pedro’s health deteriorated badly, which he claimed was a result of his being the guinea pig in unauthorized experiments on the use of radiation. These accusations have since been found to have basis in fact.

The History of Puerto Rico: From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation [Illustrated]

By Rudolph Adams Van Middeldyk

Released: 2018-02-11
Kindle Edition (237 pages)

The History of  Puerto Rico: From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation [Illustrated]
 
Product Description:
Histories of Puerto Rico have been few; in fact, aside from a few wholly inadequate ones by natives, the present volume has but one predecessor, and that Friar Inigo Abbad’s “Historia de la Isla San Juan Bautista,” written in 1782. Rudolph Adams Van Middeldyk (born in 1832) was librarian of the free public library of San Juan and had access to all the data obtainable in the island in writing his 1909 book "The History of Puerto Rico."

He has portrayed the salient characteristics of the life of the island, described the acts of the reigning government and pointed out the evils of colonial rule, and the book enables the reader to form a fairly accurate idea of the past and present state of Puerto Rico.

Social, educational and political conditions improved rapidly during the four years of American occupancy, and the author was optimistic in his prophecies for the future.

The chapters on finance, commerce and agriculture will not prove of practical value to the American money-getter, as the latest statistics given are those of 1830.

Contents
PART I HISTORICAL
I THE DEPARTURE
II. THE DISCOVERY 1493
III. PONCE AND CERON 1500-1511
IV. FIRST DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS. "REPARTIMIENTOS" 1510
V. THE REBELLION 1511
VI. THE REBELLION (continued) 1511
VII. NUMBER OF ABORIGINAL INHABITANTS AND SECOND DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS 1511-1515
VIII. LAWS AND ORDINANCES 1511-1515
IX. THE RETURN OF CERON AND DIAZ--PONCE'S FIRST EXPEDITION TO FLORIDA 1511-1515
X. DISSENSIONS--TRANSFER OF THE CAPITAL 1515-1520
XI. CALAMITIES--PONCE'S SECOND EXPEDITION TO FLORIDA AND DEATH 1520-1537
XII. INCURSIONS OF FUGITIVE BORIQUÉN INDIANS AND CARIBS 1530-1582
XIII. DEPOPULATION OF THE ISLAND--PREVENTIVE MEASURES--INTRODUCTION OF NEGRO SLAVES 1515-1534
XIV. ATTACKS BY FRENCH PRIVATEERS--CAUSE OF THE WAR WITH FRANCE--CHARLES V.--RUIN OF THE ISLAND 1520-1556
XV. SEDEÑO--CHANGES IN THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT 1534-1555
XVI. DEFENSELESS CONDITION OF THE ISLAND--CONSTRUCTION OF FORTIFICATIONS AND CIRCUMVALLATION OF SAN JUAN 1555-1641
XVII. DRAKE'S ATTACK ON SAN JUAN 1595
XVIII. OCCUPATION AND EVACUATION OF SAN JUAN BY LORD GEORGE CUMBERLAND--CONDITION OF THE ISLAND AT THE END OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY
XIX. ATTACK ON SAN JUAN BY THE HOLLANDERS UNDER BOWDOIN 1625
XX. DECLINE OF SPAIN'S POWER--BUCCANEERS AND FILIBUSTERS 1625-1780
XXI. BRITISH ATTACKS ON PUERTO RICO--SIEGE OF SAN JUAN BY SIR RALPH ABERCROMBIE 1678-1797
XXII. BRITISH ATTACKS ON PUERTO RICO (continued)--INVASIONS BY COLOMBIAN INSURGENTS 1797-1829
XXIII. REVIEW OF THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS IN PUERTO RICO AND THE POLITICAL EVENTS IN SPAIN FROM 1765 TO 1820
XXIV. GENERAL CONDITION OF THE ISLAND FROM 1815 TO 1833
XXV. POLITICAL EVENTS IN SPAIN AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON AFFAIRS IN PUERTO RICO 1833-1874
XXVI. GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE ISLAND--THE DAWN OF FREEDOM 1874-1898
PART II. THE PEOPLE AND THEIR INSTITUTIONS
XXVII. SITUATION AND GENERAL APPEARANCE OF PUERTO RICO
XXVIII. ORIGIN, CHARACTER, AND CUSTOMS OF THE PRIMITIVE INHABITANTS OF BORIQUÉN
XXIX. THE "JÍBARO," OR PUERTO RICAN PEASANT
XXX. ORIGIN AND CHARACTER OF THE MODERN INHABITANTS OF PUERTO RICO
XXXI. NEGRO SLAVERY IN PUERTO RICO
XXXII. INCREASE OF POPULATION
XXXIII. AGRICULTURE IN PUERTO RICO
XXXIV. COMMERCE AND FINANCES
XXXV. EDUCATION IN PUERTO RICO
XXXVI. LIBRARIES AND THE PRESS
XXXVII. THE REGULAR AND SECULAR CLERGY
XXXVIII. THE INQUISITION 1520-1813
XXXIX. GROWTH OF CITIES
XL. AURIFEROUS STREAMS AND GOLD PRODUCED FROM 1509 TO 1536
XLI. WEST INDIAN HURRICANES IN PUERTO


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