Oregon History - the history of Oregon
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Oregon   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Oregon History

   
 

Oregon History


Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Oregon was inhabited by Native American peoples including the Bannock, Chinook, Klamath and Nez Perce.

The British navigator, James Cook, explored the Oregon coast in 1778 while searching for the Northwest Passage. The Lewis and Clark Expedition traveled throught the region (1805 to 1806), as did Britain's David Thompson (1811). As a result, the abundance of fur-bearing animals in the region became known, and in 1811 the Pacific Fur Company established Fort Astoria at the mouth of the Columbia River, which was the first permanent European settlement in the area.

During the War of 1812, the British took control of the Pacific Fur Company outposts. And for the next two decades, the British Hudson Bay Company dominated the region, and established Fort Vancouver in 1825.

The establishment of the Oregon trail brought new settlers to the region, and for a period it seemed that Britain and the United States would go to war, until the 1846 Oregon Treaty set the boundary between the United States and British North America (which later became Canada at the 49th parallel.

European settlement increased following the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850 (which gave free land to white immigrants into the Oregon Territory), and the forceable resettlement of Native Americans into Indian Reservations. Oregon was admitted as the 33rd state of the Union on February 14th 1859.

In the 1880s, the arrival or railroads brough further settlement as well as new economic opportunties. The state began industrializing following the construction of the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River (1943).


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Hidden History of Civil War Oregon

By Randol B. Fletcher

The History Press
Released: 2011-09-22
Paperback (144 pages)

Hidden History of Civil War Oregon
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Many Oregonians think of the Civil War as a faraway event or something that happens when the Ducks and the Beavers tangle. Few know that the state raised two Union regiments or that more than ten thousand Union and Confederate veterans made their way to Oregon after the war. In fact, the Beaver State has impressive Civil War ties, including the battle death of Senator Edward Baker, the Long Tom Rebellion in Eugene and famous figures like U.S. Marshal Virgil Earp. Join Civil War enthusiast Randol B. Fletcher as he explores the tales behind the monuments and graves that dot today’s landscape and unearths the Hidden History of Civil War Oregon.

Hiking Oregon's History : The Stories Behind Historic Places You Can Walk to See

By William L Sullivan

Brand: Navillus Press
Paperback (320 pages)

Hiking Oregon s History : The Stories Behind Historic Places You Can Walk to See
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Recounted in a fresh style that's fun for armchair travelers and hikers alike, this guidebook tells the stories behind 56 of Oregon's most scenic historic sites. Come follow Lewis and Clark's trail across Tillamook Head. Ride with Chief Joseph on his tragic retrat through Hells Canyon. Discover paths to fire lookouts, lighthouses, and abandoned gold mines. Relive legends, discoveries, scandals, and triumphs that rocked the West. Come hike Oregon's history!

In Search of Ancient Oregon: A Geological and Natural History

By Ellen Morris Bishop

Brand: Timber Press
Paperback (288 pages)

In Search of Ancient Oregon: A Geological and Natural History
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Geology is an extremely visual subject, and In Search of Ancient Oregon is a beautifully photographed, expertly written account of Oregon's fascinating geological story. Written by a passionate and professional geologist who has spent countless hours in the field exploring and photographing the state, In Search of Ancient Oregon is a book for all those interested in Oregon's landscapes and environments. It presents fine-art-quality color photographs of well-known features such as Mount Hood, Crater Lake, Smith Rock, Steens Mountain, the Columbia River Gorge, and Cannon Beach, and scenic, not so well known places such as Jordan Craters, Leslie Gulch, Abert Rim, Hells Canyon, Elkhorn Mountains, and Three Fingered Jack. Each of the more than 220 stunning photographs is accompanied by readable text, presenting the story of how Oregon's diverse landscapes evolved --- and what we may expect in the future. Until now, no book has presented this dynamic story in a way that everyone interested in Oregon's natural history can easily understand. The combination of extraordinary photographs and the author's lucid explanations make this book both unique and essential for those curious about our own contemporary landscape.

Great and Minor Moments in Oregon History: An Illustrated Anthology of Illuminating Glimpses into Oregon's Past — From Prehistory to the Present

By Dick Pintarich

Brand: New Oregon Publishers
Paperback (527 pages)

Great and Minor Moments in Oregon History: An Illustrated Anthology of Illuminating Glimpses into Oregon s Past — From Prehistory to the Present
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From the legendary to the obscure -- Oregon history as you may never have known it

The essays and anecdotes collected in this book are an engaging and fascinating array of both the familiar and the surprising in Oregon history. While not a comprehensive history, it covers the long span from the prehistoric to the present with in-depth, thought provoking and often humorous glimpses of the personalities and peculiarities that inhabit Oregon's past. Its offbeat, ecclectic approach will inform and entertain you. Learn what forces of nature combined to create Oregon over geologic eons. See how the land's natural gifts inspired the mythic world of its original natives. What was it like for Lewis and Clark to spend an Oregon winter on the north coast ― without the modern tourist conveniences? Follow the Barlow Road, the most perilous part of the journey facing pioneers at the end of the Oregon Trail. Witness Portland's booming optimism at the start of the 20th century, staging the west coast's first worlds fair and building a world-class rail transit system. See revealed ― as never before ― the seemy vice underworld of Portland's 1950s rackets mobs. Recall Oregon's illustrious sports heritage and re-live the careers of her superstars ― not just in sports, but in politics too. All this and much, much more ― from the sublime to the ridiculous, the momentous to the minute ― awaits within these pages.

Hidden History of Portland, Oregon

By JD Chandler

The History Press
Released: 2013-11-12
Paperback (192 pages)

Hidden History of Portland, Oregon
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In this engaging narrative, author JD Chandler crafts a people's history of Portland, Oregon, sharing the lesser-known stories of individuals who stood against the tide and fought for liberty and representation: C.E.S. Wood, who documented the conflict between Native Americans and the United States Army; Beatrice Morrow Cannady, founding member of the Portland NAACP and first African American woman to practice law in Oregon; women's rights advocate Dr. Marie Equi, who performed abortions and was an open lesbian; and student athlete Jack Yoshihara, who, in the wake of Pearl Harbor, was barred from participating in the 1942 Rose Bowl. From scandal and oppression to injustice and the brink of revolution, join Chandler as he gives voice to the Rose City's quiet radicals and outspoken activists.

Historical Atlas of Washington and Oregon

By Derek Hayes

University of California Press
Hardcover (240 pages)

Historical Atlas of Washington and Oregon
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This gorgeous atlas, illustrated throughout with more than 500 colorful images and maps, provides a visually rich and textually engaging history of the states of Oregon and Washington. Derek Hayes brings his enthusiasm and expertise to a full range of topics, beginning with the first inhabitants and tracing the westward expansion, conflict between settlers and Native Americans, and the establishment of the Oregon Trail. We see in vivid images, old maps, and lively text the coming of the railroads and the rapid establishment of the coastal ports, northwest cities and roads, the fur and lumber industries, and the large farms. We also witness the twentieth-century development of the war industries, the establishment of the aviation industry, and the celebratory 1962 Seattle World’s Fair. At once a valuable reference and an exhilarating adventure through history, the Historical Atlas of Washington and Oregon presents readers with a fascinating chronicle of how these proud states came into their own and how they each look toward the future.

The Oregon Companion: An Historical Gazetteer of the Useful, the Curious, and the Arcane

By Richard H. Engeman

Brand: Timber Press
Paperback (432 pages)

The Oregon Companion: An Historical Gazetteer of the Useful,  the Curious, and the Arcane
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What's the connection between Ken Kesey and Nancy's Yogurt? How about the difference between a hoedad and a webfoot? What became of the Pixie Kitchen and the vanished Lambert Gardens?

The Oregon Companion is an A–Z handbook of over 1000 people, places, and things. From Abernethy and beaver money to houseboats, railroads, and the Zigzag River, an intrepid public historian separates fact from fiction ― with his sense of humor intact. Entries include towns and cities, counties, rivers, lakes, and mountains; people who have left a mark on Oregon; industries, products, crops, and natural resources. Includes more than 160 historical black and white photos. This entertaining and delightfully meticulous compendium is an essential reference for anyone curious about Oregon.

Roadside History of Oregon (Roadside History (Paperback))

By Bill Gulick

Brand: Mountain
Released: 1991-06-01
Paperback (430 pages)

Roadside History of Oregon (Roadside History (Paperback))
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Join the excitement of discovery in Oregon--from its high desert plateau and majestic mountain peaks to its storm-wracked coast and the depths of the Columbia Gorge. The stirring, colorful stories of Oregon's empire builders are told here with skill and style by a man who has spent a lifetime writing about the Pacific Northwest.

Oregon's Promise: An Interpretive History

By David Peterson del Mar

Brand: Oregon State University Press
Paperback (320 pages)

Oregon s Promise: An Interpretive History
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The book's many themes revolve around Peterson del Mar's consideration of how Oregonians have attempted to build a prosperous and just society. He examines both the traditional center of Oregon history and its often overlooked margins - the people who have struggled to be included in Oregon's promise.
The author is both a respected historian and an engaging writer, with a talent for explaining Oregon's past in a way that will appeal to all readers, from natives to newcomers, from students to scholars.

Oregon: A History

By Gordon B. Dodds

W. W. Norton & Company
Paperback (272 pages)

Oregon: A History
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To many Americans, Oregon is an idyllic, fruitful garden on the northwestern shore of a troubled urban nation. But, as author Gordon B. Dodds explains in this thoughtful history, behind that image lies the story of a state that has retained many of the conservative values of its first settlers while accommodating the forces of national development.

Generations of Oregonians have searched out and found a moderate path where quiet competence, self-restraint, loyalty, and trust have been the greatest virtues. Today, Oregonians can be proud that other Americans look to their state "for inspiration in responsible government, civil personal relationships, and respect for the natural world." Whether they look with nostalgia or anticipation, the future will judge. 



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