Northern Mariana Islands History - the history of the Northern Mariana Islands
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Northern Mariana Islands   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Northern Mariana Islands History

   
 

Northern Mariana Islands History


The Northern Mariana were a colony of Spain from the 16th century until 1898, when Spain sold the islands to Germany following the Spanish-American War.

Japan then occupied the islands during World War I. After the conclusion World War I, Japan obtained a League of Nations mandate over the islands in 1919.

In 1944, during World War II, the United States invaded the islands. After World War II, the islands continued to be administrated by the United States as part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the 1970s, at which point the islanders elected to forge closer links with the United States (rather than seek independence) and transition began towards territorial status. As a result, today the islands are organized as a commonwealth in political union with the United States.


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Tiempon I Manmofo'na: Ancient Chamorro culture and history of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesian Archaeological Survey report series)

By Scott C Russell

Division of Historic Preservation
Paperback (405 pages)

Tiempon I Manmofo na: Ancient Chamorro culture and history of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesian Archaeological Survey report series)
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An Honorable Accord : The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States (Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18.)

By Howard P. Willens

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2001-10-31
Hardcover (490 pages)

An Honorable Accord : The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States (Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18.)
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Product Description:
In 1975, after three centuries of colonial rule, the people of the Northern Marianas exercised their right of self-determination to become U.S. citizens in a self-governing commonwealth under U.S. sovereignty. An Honorable Accord is the remarkable account of their tenacious efforts to shape a political future separate from other Micronesian peoples, of the negotiations that produced the Covenant defining the commonwealth relationship, and its eventual approval by the Northern Marianas people and the U.S. Congress.

Saipan In Flames. Operation Forager "The Turning Point In The Pacific War", The Turbulent History Of The Northern Mariana Islands In The 20th Century With Emphasis on The World War Two Battle For Saipan June 15, 1944.

By William H. Stewart

Self-published
Paperback

Saipan In Flames. Operation Forager "The Turning Point In The Pacific War", The Turbulent History Of The Northern Mariana Islands In The 20th Century With Emphasis on The World War Two Battle For Saipan June 15, 1944.
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Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt: Government, Politics, Environment, Culture, Travel and tourism

By Leo Abbott

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (152 pages)

Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt: Government, Politics, Environment, Culture, Travel and tourism
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History of Northern Mariana Islands, Culture of Northern Mariana Islands, tourism in Northern Mariana Islands, environment and tradition in Northern Mariana Islands, Introduction: The original inhabitants and dominant ethnic group of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (The full information on Northern Mariana Island, title” Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt” has the full detail)(all the Marianas except Guam) in western Micronesia refer to themselves as Chamorros ( tsamoros ). The term chamorri was used to designate the upper caste at the time of Magellan's arrival in 1521. The Spaniards heard this as chamurres and understood it to mean "friend." By 1668

World War 2 Remnants - Guam & Northern Mariana Islands: A guide and history

By Dave Lotz

Marine Images
Paperback (116 pages)

World War 2 Remnants - Guam & Northern Mariana Islands: A guide and history
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A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands Part II: The Japanese Era

AuthorHouse
Released: 2014-06-06
Paperback (80 pages)

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands Part II: The Japanese Era
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Product Description:
A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS Part II is a cartoon rendition of the Northern Mariana Islands from the Japanese invasion in 1914 to their capture by the Americans in 1944. It is the sequel to Part I, which covered their history from island formation to the Japanese invasion in 1914.

Mass Suicides on Saipan and Tinian, 1944: An Examination of the Civilian Deaths in Historical Context

By Alexander Astroth

McFarland
Released: 2019-03-27
Paperback (230 pages)

Mass Suicides on Saipan and Tinian, 1944: An Examination of the Civilian Deaths in Historical Context
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When the Americans invaded the Japanese-controlled islands of Saipan and Tinian in 1944, civilians and combatants committed mass suicide to avoid being captured. Though these mass suicides have been mentioned in documentary films, they have received scant scholarly attention. This book draws on United States National Archives documents and photographs, as well as veteran and survivor testimonies, to provide readers with a better understanding of what happened on the two islands and why. The author details the experiences of the people of the islands from prehistoric times to the present, with an emphasis on the Japanese, Okinawan, Korean, Chamorro and Carolinian civilians during invasion and occupation.

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands

By Beverly A. Battaglia

B. Battaglia
Paperback (47 pages)

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands
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Product Description:
A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands, Part 1, written and illustrated by Beverly Battaglia, is a funny, irreverent book that is a wealth of not just knowledge but also tons of witty asides, clever dialogue, and illustrations that makes it look more like a comic book than a stuffy treatise on the history of the Mariana islands. Altogether an impressive debut, Battaglia has managed to produce a book that cleverly uses deadpan humor to teach and instruct, beginning with the pre-historic period of the Northern Marianas up to the end of the German Administration in the early 1900s and the Japanese invasion in 1914.

We Were Going to Win, Or Die There: With the Marines at Guadalcanal, Tarawa, and Saipan (North Texas Military Biography and Memoir Series)

By Roy H Elrod

University of North Texas Press
Hardcover (320 pages)

We Were Going to Win, Or Die There: With the Marines at Guadalcanal, Tarawa, and Saipan (North Texas Military Biography and Memoir Series)
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Winner, Colonel Joseph Alexander Award, Marine Corps Heritage Foundation

In 1940, native West Texan Roy H. Elrod joined the Marine Corps. This placed him on course to experience some of World War II’s most savage combat. Entering the Marine Corps as an enlisted man, Elrod rose rapidly. By the time his unit, the 8th Marine Regiment, went into the fight at Guadalcanal, he was commanding a platoon of 37 mm gunners. They endured Japanese attacks, malarial tropical weather, and starvation rations. His combat leadership earned him a Silver Star and a battlefield promotion.

The next fight at Tarawa was much shorter, only four days, but it seemed an eternity. On D-Day his platoon waded their 37 mm cannons ashore, each weighing nearly 1,000 pounds, through half a mile of bullet-laced surf to get to an island where the killing never stopped. His was the only platoon to get its guns ashore and into action that first day. Saipan was not as intense, but just as deadly. Here Elrod commanded a platoon of 75 mm halftracks. Again, he kept his platoon in front-line combat, blasting enemy caves and pillboxes. It was a dangerous place to be—Elrod was riddled with shrapnel from an enemy artillery shell that ended the war for him.
    
These are Elrod’s Pacific war experiences: vivid, engaging, humorous, insightful, and authentic. The book is based on more than fifty hours of interviews conducted by Marine Corps historian Fred H. Allison, who also drew upon Elrod’s wartime letters home and provided annotations to the narrative. It is a view of the war from the perspective of a young Marine infantry officer, a job that had an extremely low survival potential. The Marines intended to win—if they did not, they would die there.

 

Land Ownership in the Northern Mariana Islands : An Outline History

By James B. Johnson

Division of Land Management
Paperback
 


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