Northern Mariana Islands History - the history of the Northern Mariana Islands
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Northern Mariana Islands   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Northern Mariana Islands History

   
 

Northern Mariana Islands History


The Northern Mariana were a colony of Spain from the 16th century until 1898, when Spain sold the islands to Germany following the Spanish-American War.

Japan then occupied the islands during World War I. After the conclusion World War I, Japan obtained a League of Nations mandate over the islands in 1919.

In 1944, during World War II, the United States invaded the islands. After World War II, the islands continued to be administrated by the United States as part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the 1970s, at which point the islanders elected to forge closer links with the United States (rather than seek independence) and transition began towards territorial status. As a result, today the islands are organized as a commonwealth in political union with the United States.


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Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt: Government, Politics, Environment, Culture, Travel and tourism

By Leo Abbott

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (152 pages)

Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt: Government, Politics, Environment, Culture, Travel and tourism
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Product Description:
History of Northern Mariana Islands, Culture of Northern Mariana Islands, tourism in Northern Mariana Islands, environment and tradition in Northern Mariana Islands, Introduction: The original inhabitants and dominant ethnic group of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (The full information on Northern Mariana Island, title” Northern Mariana Islands History, and Mariana Islands unification attempt” has the full detail)(all the Marianas except Guam) in western Micronesia refer to themselves as Chamorros ( tsamoros ). The term chamorri was used to designate the upper caste at the time of Magellan's arrival in 1521. The Spaniards heard this as chamurres and understood it to mean "friend." By 1668

Tiempon I Manmofo'na: Ancient Chamorro culture and history of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesian Archaeological Survey report series)

By Scott C Russell

Division of Historic Preservation
Paperback (405 pages)

Tiempon I Manmofo na: Ancient Chamorro culture and history of the Northern Mariana Islands (Micronesian Archaeological Survey report series)
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History of the Northern Mariana Islands

By Don A Farrell

Public School System, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Hardcover (701 pages)

History of the Northern Mariana Islands
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A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands Part II: The Japanese Era

AuthorHouse
Released: 2014-06-06
Paperback (80 pages)

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands Part II: The Japanese Era
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A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS Part II is a cartoon rendition of the Northern Mariana Islands from the Japanese invasion in 1914 to their capture by the Americans in 1944. It is the sequel to Part I, which covered their history from island formation to the Japanese invasion in 1914.

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands

By Beverly A. Battaglia

B. Battaglia
Paperback (47 pages)

A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands
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A Pictorial History of the Northern Mariana Islands, Part 1, written and illustrated by Beverly Battaglia, is a funny, irreverent book that is a wealth of not just knowledge but also tons of witty asides, clever dialogue, and illustrations that makes it look more like a comic book than a stuffy treatise on the history of the Mariana islands. Altogether an impressive debut, Battaglia has managed to produce a book that cleverly uses deadpan humor to teach and instruct, beginning with the pre-historic period of the Northern Marianas up to the end of the German Administration in the early 1900s and the Japanese invasion in 1914.

An Honorable Accord : The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States (Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18.)

By Howard P. Willens

University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2001-10-31
Hardcover (490 pages)

An Honorable Accord : The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States (Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18.)
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In 1975, after three centuries of colonial rule, the people of the Northern Marianas exercised their right of self-determination to become U.S. citizens in a self-governing commonwealth under U.S. sovereignty. An Honorable Accord is the remarkable account of their tenacious efforts to shape a political future separate from other Micronesian peoples, of the negotiations that produced the Covenant defining the commonwealth relationship, and its eventual approval by the Northern Marianas people and the U.S. Congress.

Yellow Beach 2 after 75 Years: The Archaeology of a WWII Invasion Beach on Saipan and its Historic Context in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

By Boyd Dixon & Cherie Walth

Archaeopress Access Archaeology
Released: 2019-10-28
Paperback (146 pages)

Yellow Beach 2 after 75 Years: The Archaeology of a WWII Invasion Beach on Saipan and its Historic Context in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
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After 75 years, this story presents archaeological evidence, archival records, and respected elders’ accounts from WWII and the most catastrophic period in Pacific Basin history, and then into modern times on Saipan in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. On June 15, 1944, Afetna Point was called ‘Yellow Beach 2’ by the U.S. Marines and Army infantry braving Japanese resistance to establish a beachhead before capturing As Lito airfield the following days. The beachhead then served as a resupply landing for the next two weeks or more as U.S. forces slowly cleared the island of enemy strongpoints, and removed wounded Americans and battle weary civilians to off-shore medical treatment. At the end of the battle Chamorro, Carolinian, Okinawan, and Korean residents were relocated into stockades for their separation from Japanese soldiers until liberation on July 4, 1946. American military and eventual civilian administration of the San Antonio area transformed the agrarian landscape into a busy corridor of residential, industrial, and then tourist development. Once again in the 21st century, competition for regional tourism and investment makes Saipan a nexus of geopolitical intrigue and economic speculation where the past is not forgotten.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction to Yellow Beach 2 on Saipan

Chapter 2 The Afetna Point Archaeological Project

Chapter 3 Environmental Context of Afetna Point

Chapter 4 Research Design and Methods Employed

Chapter 5 Yellow Beach 2: Historic Context of Afetna Point

Chapter 6 WWII Era Results

Chapter 7 Osteological Analysis

Chapter 8 San Antonio Memories Today

Chapter 9 Discussion of Research Questions

Chapter 10 Larger Research Implications

Chapter 11 References Cited by Major Topics

Saipan In Flames. Operation Forager "The Turning Point In The Pacific War", The Turbulent History Of The Northern Mariana Islands In The 20th Century With Emphasis on The World War Two Battle For Saipan June 15, 1944.

By William H. Stewart

Self-published
Paperback

Saipan In Flames. Operation Forager "The Turning Point In The Pacific War", The Turbulent History Of The Northern Mariana Islands In The 20th Century With Emphasis on The World War Two Battle For Saipan June 15, 1944.
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The Secret Guam Study

By Howard P Willens

University of Hawaii Press
Paperback (238 pages)

The Secret Guam Study
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On February 1, 1975, National Security Adviser Henry A. Kissinger informed the departments of Defense, Interior, and State that President Gerald R. Ford had decided that the U.S. should seek agreement with Guamanian representatives on a commonwealth relationship no less favorable than that which we are negotiating with the Northern Marianas. This presidential decision was based on a year-long classified study by these agencies, which concluded that the national security and defense interests of the U.S. required that Guam's legitimate complains about its political status be promptly addressed.

Land Ownership in the Northern Mariana Islands : An Outline History

By James B. Johnson

Division of Land Management
Paperback
 


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