Missouri History - the history of Missouri
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Missouri   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Missouri History

   
 

Missouri History


The first Europeans to reach the area that is today Missouri, were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet who explored the Mississippi River in canoes in 1673. The area was claimed for France, as part of the Louisiana Territory in 1682 by Robert Cavalier.

In the early 18th century, European immigrants accompanied by black slaves began to arrive in the area. The French constructed a fort, Fort Orleans in 1724 on Missouri River. Spain gained control of the region in 1762 by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, but did not assume control until 1770. The territory was however returned to France in 1800, who then sold it the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out to map the region, and in 1805 the Louisiana Territory was organized. When Louisiana became a state in 1812, the remaing Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory. In 1818, Missouri requested admission to the Union as a slave state. This was a difficult political problem because of the delicate balance between free and slave states. However the 1820 Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri's admission along with Maine's (the latter as a free state), and Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821.

When Missouri was admitted to the Union, its western border was a straight line, however in 1836, additional land was acquired from Native American tribes (the Platte Purchase) which added additional land to the Northwest corner of the state.

Joseph Smith, Jr. leader of the LDS ("Mormons") claimed to have received a revelation that western Missouri would become Zion, a place of gathering. Many Mormons came to the area, but were resented by other state's existing inhabitants who, unlike the Mormons, were slaveholders. There was considerable friction during this time, including violence and Smith being jailed, and in 1839 Smith and the LDS moved to Illinois.

In 1848, when the California Gold Rush begun, Missouri became an important departure point to the West, gaining the nickname "Gateway to the West".

At the start of the American Civil War (1861), Missouri voted against seceding from the Union. However, there sympathies for both sides within the state, and secessionists did try to form their own state government. There were many battles in the state, and in 1865 Missouri abolished slavery, doing so before the US adopted the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery throughout the United States of America).


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Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets

By James Strait

Brand: Sterling
Hardcover (256 pages)

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri s Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets
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What's WEIRD around here?

“Best Travel Series of The Year 2006”—Booklist

 

That’s a question Mark Moran and Mark Sceurman have enjoyed asking for years—and their offbeat sense of curiosity led them to create the bestselling phenomenon,Weird N.J. Now the weirdness has spread throughout the U.S.! Each fun and intriguing volume offers more than 250 illustrated pages of places where tourists usually don’t venture: it’s chock-full of oddball curiosities, ghostly places, local legends, crazy characters, cursed roads, and peculiar roadside attractions. What’s NOT shockingly odd here: that every previously publishedWeird book has become a bestseller in its region.

Missouri: A History

By Paul C. Nagel

Brand: University Press of Kansas
Paperback (224 pages)

Missouri: A History
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A reprint of the 1977 edition which is in BCL3. A work deserving better than this acidic paper. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region

University of Missouri
Paperback (320 pages)

The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region
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Interest in scholarly study of the Ozarks has grown steadily in recent years, and The Ozarks in Missouri History: Discoveries in an American Region will be welcomed by historians and Ozark enthusiasts alike. This lively collection gathers fifteen essays, many of them pioneering efforts in the field, that originally appeared in the Missouri Historical Review, the journal of the State Historical Society.

In his introduction, editor Lynn Morrow gives the reader background on the interest in and the study of the Ozarks. The scope of the collection reflects the diversity of the region. Micro-studies by such well-known contributors as John Bradbury, Roger Grant, Gary Kremer, Stephen Limbaugh Sr., and Milton Rafferty explore the history, culture, and geography of this unique region. They trace the evolution of the Ozarks, examine the sometimes-conflicting influences exerted by St. Louis and Kansas City, and consider the sometimes highly charged struggle by federal, state, and local governments to define conservation and the future of Current River.

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri

Andesite Press
Hardcover (606 pages)

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.

As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

A History of Missouri (V1): Volume I, 1673 to 1820

By William E. Foley

Brand: University of Missouri
Paperback (264 pages)

A History of Missouri (V1): Volume I, 1673 to 1820
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Including a completely revised and updated bibliography, A History of Missouri: Volume I, 1673 to 1820 covers the pre-statehood history of Missouri, beginning with the arrival in 1673 of the first Europeans in the area, Louis Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, and continuing through the development and growth of the region, to the final campaign for statehood in 1820. In tracing the broad outlines of Missouri's development through the formative years, the author examines the origins of Missouri's diverse heritage as the region passed under the control of French, Spanish, and American authorities.

St. Charles, Missouri: A Brief History

By James W. Erwin

The History Press
Released: 2017-06-12
Paperback (176 pages)

St. Charles, Missouri: A Brief History
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Louis Blanchette came to Les Petites Côtes (the Little Hills) in 1769. The little village, later dubbed San Carlos del Misury by the Spanish and St. Charles by the Americans, played a major role in the early history of Missouri. It launched Lewis and Clark's expedition, as well as countless other westbound settlers. It served as the first capital of the new state. Important politicians, judges, soldiers, businesspersons, educators and even a saint all called St. Charles home. Despite its rapid growth from a sleepy French village into a dynamic city amid one of the fastest-growing regions in the country, St. Charles never forgot its history. Author James Erwin tells the story of its fascinating heritage.

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri (Classic Reprint)

By Wm; S. Bryan

Forgotten Books
Released: 2016-11-16
Paperback (596 pages)

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri

This book has been written in the midst of tribulation. When the authors began their work, two years ago, they had no adequate idea of the magnitude of the task which lay before them; but they know very well now. The histories of more than eight hundred pioneer families of the five counties embraced in this work are given, with the names of their children, and other matters of interest. We have endeavored to have every name and incident correct, but of course there are some errors. There are many obstacles in the way of obtaining information of this kind members of the same family frequently giving entirely different accounts of important events in their history. Mr. Rose has personally visited one or more members of each family whose history is given, and from his notes thus obtained the histories have been written. Where differences occurred in the statements of different members of the same family, we have carefully compared them and endeavored to sift the facts from each; and we feel confident that this book is as near correct as it is possible for any work of the kind to be.

The delay in issuing the book has been unavoidable; first owing to the time spent in gathering the materials, and then to numerous unavoidable delays in the printing office. But the matter is just as fresh and entertaining as though it had been issued a year ago.

We do not expect the reader to believe all the remarkable yams related under Anecdotes and Adventures. Some of them were given to us merely as caricatures of early times, and they can easily be distinguished from the real adventures.

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The Missouri Compromise: The History of the Political Agreement that Temporarily Staved Off Civil War

By Charles River Editors

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (48 pages)

The Missouri Compromise: The History of the Political Agreement that Temporarily Staved Off Civil War
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*Includes pictures *Includes quotes about the Missouri Compromise by contemporary politicians *Includes online resources, footnotes and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents “[T]his momentous question, like a fire bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the knell of the Union. it is hushed indeed for the moment. but this is a reprieve only, not a final sentence. A geographical line, coinciding with a marked principle, moral and political, once conceived and held up to the angry passions of men, will never be obliterated; and every new irritation will mark it deeper and deeper.” – Thomas Jefferson When President Thomas Jefferson went ahead with the Louisiana Purchase, he wasn’t entirely sure what was on the land he was buying, or whether the purchase was even constitutional. Ultimately, the Louisiana Purchase encompassed all or part of 15 current U.S. states and two Canadian provinces, including Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River, most of North Dakota, nearly all of South Dakota, northeastern New Mexico, Northern Texas, the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide, and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River, including the city of New Orleans. In addition, the Purchase contained small portions of land that would eventually become part of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The purchase, which immediately doubled the size of the United States at the time, still comprises around 23% of current American territory. With so much new territory to carve into states, the balance of Congressional power became a hot topic in the decade after the purchase, especially when the people of Missouri sought to be admitted to the Union in 1819 with slavery being legal in the new state. While Congress was dealing with that, Alabama was admitted in December 1819, creating an equal number of free states and slave states. Thus, allowing Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state would disrupt the balance. The Senate ultimately got around this issue by establishing what became known as the Missouri Compromise. Legislation was passed that admitted Maine as a free state, thus balancing the number once Missouri joined as a slave state. Moreover, slavery would be excluded from the Missouri Territory north of the parallel 36 30' north, which was the Southern border of Missouri itself. As a slave state, Missouri would obviously serve as the lone exception to that line. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 staved off the crisis for the time being, but by setting a line that excluded slave states above the parallel, it would also become incredibly contentious. Despite the attempt to settle the slavery question with the Missouri Compromise, the young nation kept pushing further westward, and with that more territory was acquired. After the Mexican-American War ended in 1848, the sectional crisis was brewing like never before, with California and the newly-acquired Mexican territory now ready to be organized into states. The country was once again left trying to figure out how to do it without offsetting the slave-free state balance was tearing the nation apart. When popular sovereignty undid the compromise and became the standard in Kansas and Nebraska in the 1850s, the primary result was that thousands of zealous pro-slavery and anti-slavery advocates both moved to Kansas to influence the vote, creating a dangerous (and ultimately deadly) mix. Numerous attacks took place between the two sides, and many pro-slavery Missourians organized attacks on Kansas towns just across the border. The dam would burst completely after Abraham Lincoln’s election in 1860, and by April of the following year, the Civil War that the Missouri Compromise sought to avoid had broken out.

Battleship Missouri: An Illustrated History

By Paul Stillwell

Naval Institute Press
Released: 2015-10-15
Paperback (472 pages)

Battleship Missouri: An Illustrated History
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Now available in paperback, this book traces the complete story of the Missouri from her keel-laying in 1941, her participation in the Japanese surrender in 1945, and her contribution to the Persian Gulf War. Through extensive interviews and research with records from the Naval Heritage and History Command, National Archives, Harry S. Truman Library, and other repositories, author Paul Stillwell has produced an engrossing portrait of the ship and her crew. With a detailed chronology of the ship’s legendary career, dozens of human interest stories, and hundreds of photographs and drawings, Battleship Missouri serves as a fine tribute to one of the great ships of the modern era.

Hidden History of Downtown St. Louis

By Maureen O'Connor Kavanaugh

The History Press
Released: 2017-01-23
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Downtown St. Louis
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A reputation as the town of shoes, booze and blues persists in St. Louis. But a fascinating history waits just beneath the surface in the heart of the city, like the labyrinth of natural limestone caves where Anheuser-Busch got its start. One of the city's Garment District shoe factories was the workplace of a young Tennessee Williams, referenced in his first Broadway play, The Glass Menagerie. Downtown's vibrant African American community was the source and subject of such folk-blues classics as "Frankie and Johnny" and "Stagger Lee," not to mention W.C. Handy's classic "St. Louis Blues." Navigate this hidden heritage of downtown St. Louis with author Maureen Kavanaugh.


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