Missouri History - the history of Missouri
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Missouri   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Missouri History

   
 

Missouri History


The first Europeans to reach the area that is today Missouri, were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet who explored the Mississippi River in canoes in 1673. The area was claimed for France, as part of the Louisiana Territory in 1682 by Robert Cavalier.

In the early 18th century, European immigrants accompanied by black slaves began to arrive in the area. The French constructed a fort, Fort Orleans in 1724 on Missouri River. Spain gained control of the region in 1762 by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, but did not assume control until 1770. The territory was however returned to France in 1800, who then sold it the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out to map the region, and in 1805 the Louisiana Territory was organized. When Louisiana became a state in 1812, the remaing Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory. In 1818, Missouri requested admission to the Union as a slave state. This was a difficult political problem because of the delicate balance between free and slave states. However the 1820 Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri's admission along with Maine's (the latter as a free state), and Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821.

When Missouri was admitted to the Union, its western border was a straight line, however in 1836, additional land was acquired from Native American tribes (the Platte Purchase) which added additional land to the Northwest corner of the state.

Joseph Smith, Jr. leader of the LDS ("Mormons") claimed to have received a revelation that western Missouri would become Zion, a place of gathering. Many Mormons came to the area, but were resented by other state's existing inhabitants who, unlike the Mormons, were slaveholders. There was considerable friction during this time, including violence and Smith being jailed, and in 1839 Smith and the LDS moved to Illinois.

In 1848, when the California Gold Rush begun, Missouri became an important departure point to the West, gaining the nickname "Gateway to the West".

At the start of the American Civil War (1861), Missouri voted against seceding from the Union. However, there sympathies for both sides within the state, and secessionists did try to form their own state government. There were many battles in the state, and in 1865 Missouri abolished slavery, doing so before the US adopted the 13th Amendment (abolishing slavery throughout the United States of America).


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Missouri State Parks and Historic Sites: Exploring Our Legacy, Second Edition

By Susan Flader

University of Missouri
Hardcover (400 pages)

Missouri State Parks and Historic Sites: Exploring Our Legacy, Second Edition
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THIS BOOK IS PUBLISHED BY MISSOURI LIFE MAGAZINE AND DISTIBUTED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI PRESS.

In this stunning book, four accomplished writers and lifelong conservationists team up with keen-eyed photographers to capture the compelling history, beauty, and recreational value of Missouri’s unique state park system, one that has been ranked among the top four in the nation. The book features hundreds of photographs and includes information on all 88 state parks and historic sites, including the longest developed rails-to-trail project in the nation, homes of famous Missourians, Civil War battlefields, and other reminders of the past such as mills and covered bridges. The authors tell the complete story of the park system, from its inception in 1917 to the newest state park created in 2015, encompassing much of Missouri’s history as well as its scenic and varied landscape.

Myths and Mysteries of Missouri: True Stories of the Unsolved and Unexplained (Myths and Mysteries Series)

By Josh Young

Globe Pequot Press
Paperback (208 pages)

Myths and Mysteries of Missouri: True Stories of the Unsolved and Unexplained (Myths and Mysteries Series)
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Myths and Mysteries of Missouri dispels any notion that the Show Me State is a boring place harboring little unknown. Thirteen diverse chapters, each a story unto itself, probe dark secrets, unexplained phenomena, legendary individuals and actual events which leave people incredulous to this day. Much in this well-researched book has been largely forgotten, but the author's lively and amusing style will awaken curiosity in lifelong residents and armchair visitors alike

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri (Classic Reprint)

By Wm; S. Bryan

Forgotten Books
Released: 2016-11-16
Paperback (596 pages)

A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc;, Relating to Early Days in Missouri

This book has been written in the midst of tribulation. When the authors began their work, two years ago, they had no adequate idea of the magnitude of the task which lay before them; but they know very well now. The histories of more than eight hundred pioneer families of the five counties embraced in this work are given, with the names of their children, and other matters of interest. We have endeavored to have every name and incident correct, but of course there are some errors. There are many obstacles in the way of obtaining information of this kind members of the same family frequently giving entirely different accounts of important events in their history. Mr. Rose has personally visited one or more members of each family whose history is given, and from his notes thus obtained the histories have been written. Where differences occurred in the statements of different members of the same family, we have carefully compared them and endeavored to sift the facts from each; and we feel confident that this book is as near correct as it is possible for any work of the kind to be.

The delay in issuing the book has been unavoidable; first owing to the time spent in gathering the materials, and then to numerous unavoidable delays in the printing office. But the matter is just as fresh and entertaining as though it had been issued a year ago.

We do not expect the reader to believe all the remarkable yams related under Anecdotes and Adventures. Some of them were given to us merely as caricatures of early times, and they can easily be distinguished from the real adventures.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets

By James Strait

Brand: Sterling
Hardcover (256 pages)

Weird Missouri: Your Travel Guide to Missouri s Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets
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What's WEIRD around here?

“Best Travel Series of The Year 2006”—Booklist

 

That’s a question Mark Moran and Mark Sceurman have enjoyed asking for years—and their offbeat sense of curiosity led them to create the bestselling phenomenon,Weird N.J. Now the weirdness has spread throughout the U.S.! Each fun and intriguing volume offers more than 250 illustrated pages of places where tourists usually don’t venture: it’s chock-full of oddball curiosities, ghostly places, local legends, crazy characters, cursed roads, and peculiar roadside attractions. What’s NOT shockingly odd here: that every previously publishedWeird book has become a bestseller in its region.

The Homefront in Civil War Missouri (Civil War Series)

By James Erwin

The History Press
Released: 2014-07-08
Paperback (128 pages)

The Homefront in Civil War Missouri (Civil War Series)
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Over one thousand Civil War engagements were fought in Missouri, and the conflict could not be quarantined from civilian life. In the countryside, the wives and mothers of absent soldiers had to cope with marauders from both sides. Children saw their fathers and brothers beaten, hanged or shot. In the cities, a cheer for Jeff Davis could land a young boy in jail, and a letter to a sweetheart in the Confederate army could get a girl banished from the state. Women volunteered to care for the flood of wounded and sick soldiers. Slavery crumbled and created new opportunities for black men to serve in the Union army but left their families vulnerable to retaliation at home. The turbulence and bitterness of guerrilla war was everywhere.

A History of Missouri (V1): Volume I, 1673 to 1820

By William E. Foley

Brand: University of Missouri
Paperback (264 pages)

A History of Missouri (V1): Volume I, 1673 to 1820
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Including a completely revised and updated bibliography, A History of Missouri: Volume I, 1673 to 1820 covers the pre-statehood history of Missouri, beginning with the arrival in 1673 of the first Europeans in the area, Louis Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, and continuing through the development and growth of the region, to the final campaign for statehood in 1820. In tracing the broad outlines of Missouri's development through the formative years, the author examines the origins of Missouri's diverse heritage as the region passed under the control of French, Spanish, and American authorities.

When the Mississippi Ran Backwards: Empire, Intrigue, Murder, and the New Madrid Earthquakes

By Jay Feldman

Free Press
Released: 2005-03-01
Kindle Edition (325 pages)

When the Mississippi Ran Backwards: Empire, Intrigue, Murder, and the New Madrid Earthquakes
 
Product Description:
From Jay Feldmen comes an enlightening work about how the most powerful earthquakes in the history of America united the Indians in one last desperate rebellion, reversed the Mississippi River, revealed a seamy murder in the Jefferson family, and altered the course of the War of 1812.

On December 15, 1811, two of Thomas Jefferson's nephews murdered a slave in cold blood and put his body parts into a roaring fire. The evidence would have been destroyed but for a rare act of God—or, as some believed, of the Indian chief Tecumseh.

That same day, the Mississippi River's first steamboat, piloted by Nicholas Roosevelt, powered itself toward New Orleans on its maiden voyage. The sky grew hazy and red, and jolts of electricity flashed in the air. A prophecy by Tecumseh was about to be fulfilled.

He had warned reluctant warrior-tribes that he would stamp his feet and bring down their houses. Sure enough, between December 16, 1811, and late April 1812, a catastrophic series of earthquakes shook the Mississippi River Valley. Of the more than 2,000 tremors that rumbled across the land during this time, three would have measured nearly or greater than 8.0 on the not-yet-devised Richter Scale. Centered in what is now the bootheel region of Missouri, the New Madrid earthquakes were felt as far away as Canada; New York; New Orleans; Washington, DC; and the western part of the Missouri River. A million and a half square miles were affected as the earth's surface remained in a state of constant motion for nearly four months. Towns were destroyed, an eighteen-mile-long by five-mile-wide lake was created, and even the Mississippi River temporarily ran backwards.

The quakes uncovered Jefferson's nephews' cruelty and changed the course of the War of 1812 as well as the future of the new republic. In When the Mississippi Ran Backwards, Jay Feldman expertly weaves together the story of the slave murder, the steamboat, Tecumseh, and the war, and brings a forgotten period back to vivid life. Tecumseh's widely believed prophecy, seemingly fulfilled, hastened an unprecedented alliance among southern and northern tribes, who joined the British in a disastrous fight against the U.S. government. By the end of the war, the continental United States was secure against Britain, France, and Spain; the Indians had lost many lives and much land; and Jefferson's nephews were exposed as murderers. The steamboat, which survived the earthquake, was sunk.

When the Mississippi Ran Backwards sheds light on this now-obscure yet pivotal period between the Revolutionary and Civil wars, uncovering the era's dramatic geophysical, political, and military upheavals. Feldman paints a vivid picture of how these powerful earthquakes made an impact on every aspect of frontier life—and why similar catastrophic quakes are guaranteed to recur. When the Mississippi Ran Backwards is popular history at its best.

Central Missouri at War: : 1861-1975

By Jeremy P Amick

Yorkshire Publishing
Paperback (548 pages)

Central Missouri at War: : 1861-1975
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Central Missouri possesses a bounty of history regarding brave men and women who have served both state and nation in the armed forces. German immigrants such as Wyatt Zimmerman left their homeland to seek the promise of a better life in Missouri only to be drawn into military service during the Civil War. Decades later, troops of a Missouri regiment in Fulton adopted a dog named "Boy" during their Spanish-American War service, watching as their canine friend received the coveted honor of meeting the President of the United States. Joseph Epps of Jamestown received a Congressional Medal of Honor more than a quarter-century following his heroics in the Philippines Insurrection. Years later, before the military draft of World War I drew thousands of Missourians into the service, William Borgmeyer of Westphalia left the dangers of construction work in 1915 and enlisted in the Army only to enter the front lines of combat in France a couple of years later. World War II introduced us to individuals such as David Shipley of Tipton, who used his service in the U.S. Navy to fight for civil rights. The Korean War demonstrated the dedication of citizens such as Don Wyss, whose service provided him the GI Bill benefits that helped him earn his doctorate degree. Finally, the heroism of those who served in the Vietnam War is exemplified by veterans like Nancy Maxwell of Freeburg, who trained as a Navy Corpsman and provided medical care to those injured overseas. This book presents the military accounts of dozens of our fellow citizens who quietly performed their military duties, spanning the Civil War through Vietnam and the Cold War. Although no work can truly capture all aspects of the sacrifices made on our behalf, this compilation presents many of the humble heroes that have lived among us.

Missouri : A History of the Crossroads State

By Edwin C. McReynolds

University of Oklahoma Press
Hardcover

Missouri : A History of the Crossroads State
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History of Southeast Missouri: Embracing an Historical Account of the Counties of Ste. Genevieve, St. Francois, Perry, Cape Girardeau, Bollinger, Madison, New Madrid, Pemiscot, dunk

By Goodspeed Publishing Company

Brand: Southern Historical Press
Hardcover (1126 pages)

History of Southeast Missouri: Embracing an Historical Account of the Counties of Ste. Genevieve, St. Francois, Perry, Cape Girardeau, Bollinger, Madison, New Madrid, Pemiscot, dunk
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About This Book: An extraordinary brick of a book, Goodspeed Publishing's 1888 history provides the history of the region followed by an exhaustive Biographical Appendix. Thus, this book preserves both local history and personal/family biography. The History section begins with the Mound Builders and is 587 pp. The Biographical Appendix is 628 pp. There are about 30 illustrations, largely portraits. About This Edition: This is an attractive and well-produced facsimile reprint. Cloth over boards with gold details; sturdy sewn binding. Most helpful is the added Name Index which is over 80 pages long.


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