Mississippi History - the history of Mississippi
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Mississippi   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Mississippi History

   
 

Mississippi History


In pre-Columbian times, the Mississippi region was part of the Native American Mississippian culture. The Native American peoples who inhabited the area included Chickasaw and Choctaw.

The first European expedition to the area was led by Hernando de Soto, who passed through the area in 1540. However, there were no permanent European settlements until the French founded Fort Maurepas at site which would later become Ocean Springs. The area passed through Spanish, British and French jurisdiction, but eventually was transfered to the United States following the French and Indian War (1754 to 1763).

The Mississippi Territory was organized in 1798 from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina. This territory was expanded with additional territory (that was disputed by Spain), and land purchased from Native American tribes. On December 10th 1817, the state of Mississippi was admitted to the Union.

Mississippi rapidy became an important cotton growing state, and consequently had a large slave population. When the American Civil War (1861 to 1865) broke out, Mississippi was the second state to secede from the Union. Because of the state's strategic location on the Mississippi River, numerous battles were fought in the state during the war. Around 80,000 white men from Mississippi fought on the Confederate side during the war, however, around 500 white Mississippians, and more than 17,000 black Mississippians (freedmen and slaves) fought for the Union.

After a period of Reconstruction, Jim Crow laws were enacted in the state which kept blacks in an inferior position. However, following World War II, Mississippi became an important location during the Civil Rights struggle.

Mississippi was twice between hit by serious hurricanes in recent years (Hurricane Camille in 1969) and (Hurricane Katrina in 2005).


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Mississippi: A History

By Westley F. Busbee Jr

Wiley-Blackwell
Paperback (528 pages)

Mississippi: A History
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  • Wiley-Blackwell
Product Description:

The second edition of Mississippi: A History features aseries of revisions and updates to its comprehensive coverage ofMississippi state history from the time of the region’s firstinhabitants into the 21st century. 

  • Represents the only available comprehensive textbook onMississippi history specifically for use in college-levelcourses
  • Features an engaging narrative mix of topical and chronologicalchapters
  • Includes chapter objectives that may be used by professors andstudents
  • Offers coverage of Mississippi’s major political,economic, social, and cultural developments
  • Presents two entirely new chapters on important21st-century developments in Mississippi
  • Contains expanded coverage of slavery in Mississippihistory
  • Includes completely up-to-date chapter sources, selectedbibliography, and subject index

A New History of Mississippi

By Dennis J. Mitchell

University Press of Mississippi
Hardcover (672 pages)

A New History of Mississippi
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Creating the first comprehensive narrative of Mississippi since the bicentennial history was published in 1976, Dennis J. Mitchell recounts the vibrant and turbulent history of a Deep South state. The author has condensed the massive scholarship produced since that time into an appealing narrative, which incorporates people missing from many previous histories including American Indians, women, African Americans, and a diversity of other minority groups. This is the story of a place and its people, history makers and ordinary citizens alike. Mississippi's rich flora and fauna are also central to the story, which follows both natural and man-made destruction and the major efforts to restore and defend rare untouched areas.

Hernando De Soto, Sieur d'Iberville, Ferdinand Claiborne, Thomas Hinds, Aaron Burr, Greenwood LeFlore, Joseph Davis, Nathan Bedford Forrest, James D. Lynch, James K. Vardaman, Mary Grace Quackenbos, Ida B. Wells, William Alexander Percy, William Faulkner, Eudora Welty, Muddy Waters, B.B. King, Elvis Presley, John Grisham, Jack Reed, William F. Winter, Jim Barksdale, Richard Howorth, Christopher Epps, and too many more to list--this book covers a vast and rich legacy.

From the rise and fall of American Indian culture to the advent of Mississippi's world-renowned literary, artistic, and scientific contributions, Mitchell vividly brings to life the individuals and institutions that have created a fascinating and diverse state.

Mississippi: An American Journey

By Anthony Walton

Walton, Anthony
Released: 1997-01-28
Paperback (288 pages)

Mississippi: An American Journey
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  To most Americans, Mississippi is not a state but a scar, the place where segregation took its ugliest form and struck most savagely at its challengers.  But to many Americans, Mississippi is also home.  And it is this paradox, with all its overtones of history and heartache, that Anthony Walton—whose parents escaped Mississippi for the relative civility of the Midwest—explores in this resonant and disquieting work of travel writing, history, and memoir.

Traveling from the Natchez Trace to the yawning cotton fields of the Delta and from plantation houses to air-conditioned shopping malls, Walton challenged us to see Mississippi's memories of comfort alongside its legacies of slavery and the Klan.  He weaves in the stories of his family, as well as those of patricians and sharecroppers, redneck demagogues and martyred civil rights workers, novelists and bluesmen, black and white. Mississippi is a national saga in brilliant microcosm, splendidly written and profoundly moving.

Deep Blues: A Musical and Cultural History of the Mississippi Delta

By Robert Palmer

Penguin Books
Released: 1982-07-29
Paperback (320 pages)

Deep Blues: A Musical and Cultural History of the Mississippi Delta
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Blues is the cornerstone of American popular music, the bedrock of rock and roll. In this extraordinary musical and social history, Robert Palmer traces the odyssey of the blues from its rural beginnings, to the steamy bars of Chicago’s South Side, to international popularity, recognition, and imitation. Palmer tells the story of the blues through the lives of its greatest practitioners: Robert Johnson, who sang of being pursued by the hounds of hell; Muddy Waters, who electrified Delta blues and gave the music its rock beat; Robert Lockwood and Sonny Boy Williamson, who launched the King Biscuit Time radio show and brought blues to the airwaves; and John Lee Hooker, Ike Turner, B. B. King, and many others.

"A lucid . . . entrancing study" -- Greil Marcus

"Palmer has a powerful understanding of the music and an intense involvement in the culture." -- The Nation

Mississippi (On-the-Road Histories)

By Ben Wynne

Interlink Pub Group Inc
Paperback (178 pages)

Mississippi (On-the-Road Histories)
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As part of Interlink Publishing's On-the-Road Histories series, which links the 50 states of the union to their colorful past, Mississippi covers the history of the Magnolia State from the settling of the Chickasaw, Choctaw and Natchez tribes to the devastation of Hurricane Katrina. Wynne, a noted historian of the American South, documents Mississippi's most famous events over the decades, and offers tributes to famous sons and daughters such as William Faulkner, B.B. King and Tennessee Williams. Written in a concise and entertaining style, and including many b&w and color photographs, this book will interest travellers and residents intrigued with the history of the South. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Maude Schuyler Clay: Mississippi History

Richard Ford
Hardcover (132 pages)

Maude Schuyler Clay: Mississippi History
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  • Maude Schuyler Clay Mississippi History
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Maude Schuyler Clay started her color portrait series Mississippi History in 1975 when she acquired her first Rolleiflex Twin Lens Reflex camera. At the time, she was living and working in New York and paying frequent visits to her native Mississippi Delta, whose landscape and people continued to inspire her. Over the next 25 years, the project, which began as The Mississippians, evolved in part as an homage to Julia Margaret Cameron, a definitive pioneer of the art of photography. Cameron lived in Victorian England and began her photographic experiments in 1863. Clay's expressive, allegorical portraits of her friends, family and other Mississippians, as well as her artful approach to capturing the essence of light, are the driving forces behind her recollection of moments of family life in Mississippi in the 1980s and 90s.

A Literary History of Mississippi (Heritage of Mississippi Series)

University Press of Mississippi
Hardcover (352 pages)

A Literary History of Mississippi (Heritage of Mississippi Series)
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With contributions by:

Ted Atkinson, Robert Bray, Patsy J. Daniels, David A. Davis, Taylor Hagood, Lisa Hinrichsen, Suzanne Marrs, Greg O'Brien, Ted Ownby, Ed Piacentino, Claude Pruitt, Thomas J. Richardson, Donald M. Shaffer, Theresa M. Towner, Terrence T. Tucker, Daniel Cross Turner, Lorie Watkins, and Ellen Weinauer

Mississippi is a study in contradictions. One of the richest states when the Civil War began, it emerged as possibly the poorest and remains so today. Geographically diverse, the state encompasses ten distinct landform regions. As people traverse these, they discover varying accents and divergent outlooks. They find pockets of inexhaustible wealth within widespread, grinding poverty. Yet the most illiterate, disadvantaged state has produced arguably the nation's richest literary legacy. Why Mississippi?

What does it mean to write in a state of such extremes? To write of racial and economic relations so contradictory and fraught as to defy any logic? Willie Morris often quoted William Faulkner as saying, "To understand the world, you must first understand a place like Mississippi." What Faulkner (or more likely Morris) posits is that Mississippi is not separate from the world. The country's fascination with Mississippi persists because the place embodies the very conflicts that plague the nation.

This volume examines indigenous literature, Southwest humor, slave narratives, and the literature of the Civil War. Essays on modern and contemporary writers and the state's changing role in southern studies look at more recent literary trends, while essays on key individual authors offer more information on luminaries including Faulkner, Eudora Welty, Richard Wright, Tennessee Williams, and Margaret Walker. Finally, essays on autobiography, poetry, drama, and history span the creative breadth of Mississippi's literature. Written by literary scholars closely connected to the state, the volume offers a history suitable for all readers interested in learning more about Mississippi's great literary tradition.

The Ku Klux Klan in Mississippi: A History

By Michael Newton

Brand: McFarland
Hardcover (252 pages)

The Ku Klux Klan in Mississippi: A History
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Since 1866 the Ku Klux Klan has been a significant force in Mississippi, enduring repeated cycles of expansion and decline. Klansmen have rallied, marched, elected civic leaders, infiltrated law enforcement, and committed crimes ranging from petty vandalism to assassination and mass murder. This is the definitive history of the KKK in Mississippi, long recognized as one of the group's most militant and violent realms. The campaigns of terrorism by the Klan, its involvement in politics and religion, and its role as a social movement for marginalized poor whites are fully explored.

Vardaman, Mississippi: History and Memories

By James Morgan Young

Independently published
Paperback (188 pages)

Vardaman, Mississippi: History and Memories
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Vardaman is a small town in Calhoun county in north central Mississippi, named after James K. Vardaman, the governor of the state when the town was organized in 1904. Vardaman made a big impression during his campaign speeches in that area and most of the residents were his firm supporters. The long-awaited railroad into the eastern part of Calhoun county was finally being built and it crossed one of the few main north-south roads in a wooded area a few miles south of the community of Ellzey. This is where the new town sprang up, and it killed Ellzey. Because James K. Vardaman was a hated foe of President Theodore Roosevelt, the Post Office Department refused to name the post office in the new town after Vardaman and, instead, called it Timberville. For 12 years, the residents of the town of Vardaman endured having a post office address different from the name of the town where they lived. The railroad which caused the town to form was torn up in 1939 after the virgin hardwood forests in the area had been harvested, the Great Depression had taken its toll, and improved highways began to make truck travel practical. The town struggled on through World War II and eventually become well-known, even famous, for the superb quality of sweet potatoes increasingly marketed from there. This book was written and complied from contemporary accounts and from the memories of living citizens. Detailed information about the surrounding communities from which the original settlers of Vardaman came and genealogical information about many of the local families makes this a useful reference for those with family roots in this area. The book also includes 162 photographs and the original obituaries of nearly 250 of the older area residents.

Hattiesburg, Mississippi: A History of the Hub City (Definitive History)

By Benjamin Morris

The History Press
Released: 2014-11-18
Paperback (288 pages)

Hattiesburg, Mississippi: A History of the Hub City (Definitive History)
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Founded by William Hardy at the confluence of rivers and rail lines, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, is today a capital of education, healthcare, commerce and the armed forces in the Gulf South. In this new biography of the Hub City, experience its story as you never have before. Hunt and forage alongside Native American tribes centuries before European settlement. Build a cabin with pioneer lumbermen on the edge of the forest, jostling for profit in the cavernous Piney Woods. Train with soldiers at Camp Shelby on the eve of deployment in World War II, and march alongside civil rights activists during Freedom Summer in 1964. In this narrative history, author and Hattiesburg native Benjamin Morris offers a captivating account of the Hub City from its prehistory to the present day, from its darkest hours to its brightest futures.


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