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Vacation 2 USA   >   Iowa   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Iowa History

   
 

Iowa History


Iowa was originally home to at least 17 Native American tries, although today only the Meskwaki remain.

The first Europeans to reach Iowa were the French explorers, Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673. They recorded in their journals that the land was lush, green and fertile.

The United States gained control of the area from France in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. The first official American settlement began in 1833, and statehood was achieved in 1846.

During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), Iowa contributed greatly to the Union war effort, including more 60% of its eligible males serving (the highest proportion of any state).

Iowa was a popular destination for immigrants, and the state encouraged immigration with a booklet printed in 1869 in English, German, Dutch, Swedish and Danish. Additionally, immigrants also arrived, particularly in coal mining areas from Italy and Croatia, and beginning in the 1880s, a significant number of African-Americans moved to the state, also to work in the mining industry. The coming of the railroads, also helped to encourage immigration, and, eventually, the establishment of the beginnings of a manufacturing sector.

World War One brought a brief agricultural boom to the state, but the 1920s and 1930s were a time of hardship after the elimination of the wartime agricultural subsidies. The state did not in fact fully recover until the 1940s.

After World War Two, Iowa's business and manufacturing sectors have continued to grow, and the state now produces a wide variety of manufactured products, as well the agricultural goods for which it is most famous.


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The Sacred Cause of Union: Iowa in the Civil War (Iowa and the Midwest Experience)

By Thomas R. Baker

University Of Iowa Press
Released: 2016-11-15
Paperback (272 pages)

The Sacred Cause of Union: Iowa in the Civil War (Iowa and the Midwest Experience)
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The Sacred Cause of Union highlights Iowans’ important role in reuniting the nation when the battle over slavery tore it asunder. In this first-ever survey of the state’s Civil War history, Thomas Baker interweaves economics, politics, army recruitment, battlefield performance, and government administration. Scattered across more than a dozen states and territories, Iowa’s fighting men marched long distances and won battles against larger rebel armies despite having little food or shelter and sometimes poor equipment. On their own initiative, the state’s women ventured south to the battlefields to tend to the sick and injured, and farm families produced mountains of food to feed hungry federal armies. In the absence of a coordinated military supply system, women’s volunteer organizations were instrumental in delivering food, clothing, medicines, and other supplies to those who needed them. All of these efforts contributed mightily to the Union victory and catapulted Iowa into the top circle of most influential states in the nation.

To shed light on how individual Iowans experienced the war, the book profiles six state residents. Three were well-known. Annie Wittenmyer, a divorced woman with roots in Virginia, led the state’s efforts to ship clothing and food to the soldiers. Alexander Clark, a Muscatine businessman and the son of former slaves, eloquently championed the rights of African Americans. Cyrus Carpenter, a Pennsylvania-born land surveyor anxious to make his fortune, served in the army and then headed the state’s Radical Republican faction after the war, ultimately being elected governor.

Three never became famous. Ben Stevens, a young, unemployed carpenter, fought in an Iowa regiment at Shiloh, and then transferred to a Louisiana African American regiment so that he could lead the former slaves into battle. Farm boy Abner Dunham defended the Sunken Road at the Battle of Shiloh, before spending seven grim months in Confederate prison camps. The young Charles Musser faced pressure from his neighbors to enlist and from his parents to remain at home to work on the farm. Soon after he signed on to serve the Union, he discovered that his older brother had joined the Confederate Army. Through the letters and lives of these six Iowans, Thomas Baker shows how the Civil War transformed the state at the same time that Iowans transformed the nation.
 

A Culinary History of Iowa: Sweet Corn, Pork Tenderloins, Maid-Rites & More (American Palate)

By Darcy Dougherty Maulsby

The History Press
Released: 2016-08-01
Paperback (192 pages)

A Culinary History of Iowa: Sweet Corn, Pork Tenderloins, Maid-Rites & More (American Palate)
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Iowa's delectable cuisine is quintessentially midwestern, grounded in its rich farming heritage and spiced with diverse ethnic influences. Classics like fresh sweet corn and breaded pork tenderloins are found on menus and in home kitchens across the state. At the world-famous Iowa State Fair, a dizzying array of food on a stick commands a nationwide cult following. From Maid-Rites to the moveable feast known as RAGBRAI, discover the remarkable stories behind Iowa originals. Find recipes for favorites ranging from classic Iowa ham balls and Steak de Burgo to homemade cinnamon rolls--served with chili, of course! Author Darcy Dougherty Maulsby serves up a bountiful history of tasty tradition.

Iowa History Reader

Brand: University Of Iowa Press
Released: 2008-03-15
Paperback (470 pages)

Iowa History Reader
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In 1978 historian Joseph Wall wrote that Iowa was “still seeking to assert its own identity. . . . It has no real center where the elite of either power, wealth, or culture may congregate. Iowa, in short, is middle America.” In this collection of well-written and accessible essays, originally published in 1996, seventeen of the Hawkeye State’s most accomplished historians reflect upon the dramatic and not-so-dramatic shifts in the middle land’s history in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Marvin Bergman has drawn upon his years of editing the Annals of Iowa to gather contributors who cross disciplines, model the craft of writing a historical essay, cover more than one significant topic, and above all interpret history rather than recite it. In his preface to this new printing, he calls attention to publications that begin to fill the gaps noted in the 1996 edition.

Rather than survey the basic facts, the essayists engage readers in the actual making of Iowa’s history by trying to understand the meaning of its past. By providing comprehensive accounts of topics in Iowa history that embrace the broader historiographical issues in American history, such as the nature of Progressivism and Populism, the debate over whether women’s expanded roles in wartime carried over to postwar periods, and the place of quantification in history, the essayists contribute substantially to debates at the national level at the same time that they interpret Iowa’s distinctive culture.

Iowa: The Middle Land

By Dorothy Schwieder

Brand: University Of Iowa Press
Paperback (398 pages)

Iowa: The Middle Land
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In this engrossing history of the Hawkeye State, Dorothy Schwieder brings her seasoned insight to the story of the Middle Land. Iowa emerges here as a place of fascinating grassroots politics, economic troubles and triumphs, surprising cultural diversity, and unsung natural beauty. Above all, this is the history of the people of Iowa and the lives they have led - the accomplishments of both ordinary and not-so-ordinary Iowans. The twenty-ninth state was admitted to the Union on December 29, 1846. After 150 years of statehood, The Middle Land gives a fresh perspective on what happened in Iowa and why. It also looks at where it happened. The underlying theme is Iowa's location in the center of the United States and the implications of that middle land status. From grasslands to factories, Black Hawk to Branstad, Schwieder takes the reader on a compelling journey. She presents the experience of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Native Americans in the Iowa region; the beginning of white settlement; and the subsequent development of social, educational, and economic institutions. In often arresting detail, Schwieder recounts recent episodes of Iowa's history, such as the farm crisis of the 1980s and the initiation of the lottery and casino gambling. She explores previously neglected areas and issues of social history - women, minorities, community, and Prohibition. Dorothy Schwieder has given us a most valuable addition to our understanding of America's "purest of prairie states." Iowa: The Middle Land is well suited for college history courses and senior-high courses. It is a fine library reference for all Iowans (and non-Iowans) wishing to know more about the state's history. The bookuniquely emphasizes Iowa's economic and social history and draws on manuscript sources not previously cited in general histories of Iowa.

Wolfe's history of Clinton County, Iowa

By Patrick Wolf

Released: 2014-07-24
Kindle Edition (814 pages)

Wolfe s history of Clinton County, Iowa
 
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Wolfe's history of Clinton County, Iowa

History of Black Hawk County, Iowa, and its people (Volume 1)

By John C. Hartman

Released: 2013-12-13
Kindle Edition (644 pages)

History of Black Hawk County, Iowa, and its people (Volume 1)
 
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History of Black Hawk County, Iowa, and its people (Volume 1)

History of Iowa, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century; Illustrated With Photographic Views of the Natural Scenery ... and Biographies of Notable Men and Wo

By Benjamin F. Gue

Forgotten Books
Released: 2016-11-16
Paperback (580 pages)

History of Iowa, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century; Illustrated With Photographic Views of the Natural Scenery ... and Biographies of Notable Men and Wo
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Excerpt from History of Iowa, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century; Illustrated With Photographic Views of the Natural Scenery of the State, Public Buildings, Pioneer Life, Etc;; With Portraits and Biographies of Notable Men and Women of Iowa; The Pioneer

Building at Iowa City. Facing page 207 Fort Sanford, established in 1842 Facing page 209 Old State Capitol at Iowa City Facing page 214 Map of Iowa, 1844 Facing page 215 Theodore S. Parvin Facing page 217 Enoch W. Eastman Facing page 218 James Clarke, Last Territorial Governor. Facing page 219 Emigrants Coming to Iowa Facing page 220 Mormon hand-cart Train. Facing page 233 Ansel Briggs, First Governor of the State. Facing page 238 George W. Jones, United States Senator Facing page 252 Augustus 0. Dodge, United States Senator. Facing page 258 Stephen Hempstead, Governor of Iowa Facing page 264 Flood at Fort Des Moines in 1851 Facing page 266 Fort Dodge, established in 1850 Facing page 267 James W. Grimes, Governor of Iowa Facing page George G. Wright, Chief Justice Facing page 277 James Harlan, United States Senator Facing page 278 Elijah Sells Facing page 282 James Thorington Facing page 283 Francis Springer Facing page 284 Sidominadota Page 289 Pillsbury Point, West Okoboji Lake Facing page 295 East Okoboji Lake Facing page 296 Massacre at the Gardner House. Facing page 298 Dr. Isaac H. Herriott;william Burkholder. Facing page 299 Sioux Indian Scalp Dance Facing page 300 Maj. Wm. Williams, Capt. C. B. Richards, Capt.

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History of Iowa Civil War Regiments: Artillery, Cavalry, Infantry, and United States Colored Troops

By Christopher Cox

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (140 pages)

History of Iowa Civil War Regiments: Artillery, Cavalry, Infantry, and United States Colored Troops
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This book has information of all Iowa Civil War Regiment and U.S. Colored Troops that were organized in the state. This is a research base book to find the information about one or more of the Iowa Regiments and includes the U.S. Colored Troops all in one place. The information is: who the commanding officers were are the organization (mustering in) of the regiment; what battles the regiment was involved in; the armies the regiment belonged to; total enrolled and break down of causalities; and when and where the regiment was organized and mustered out.

A History of Iowa (Iowa Heritage Collection)

By Leland L. Sage

Brand: Iowa State Pr
Paperback (388 pages)

A History of Iowa (Iowa Heritage Collection)
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Book by Sage, Leland L.

History of Iowa County, Wisconsin

By Western Historical Company

Western Historical Company
Hardcover
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