Idaho History - the history of Idaho
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Idaho   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Idaho History

   
 

Idaho History


Humans are known to have inhabited Idaho for at least 14,500 years. Ancient artifacts that have been found in the area, are among the oldest known artifacts in North America.

Until 1846, Idaho was part of the Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and UK. The US gained undisputed control over Oregon in 1846.

Parts of present day Idaho were initially divided between the Oregon, Washington and Dakota Territories, but in 1863 the Idaho Territory was created. The Idaho Territory included most of the present day states of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.

One interesting act about Idaho is it is the only state named as a result of a hoax. In the early 1860s, when a new territory was being organized in the Rocky Mountains, lobbyist George M. Willing suggested the name "Idaho" which he claimed meant "the sun comes from the mountains" or "gem of the mountains" in the Shoshone Indian language. Congress however rejected Willing's suggestion, and this new territory was named the Colorado Territory. However, in the meantime, the name "Idaho" had gained currency, even though Willing had subsequently admitted to making up the name. A Columbia River steamship was named "Idaho", and Idaho County was created in the East of the Washington Territory. And, as previously described, in 1863, the Idaho Territory (which included Idaho County) was created from a portion of the Washington Territory.

In the period following the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), Idaho became an important mining state, at one time even producing almost a fifth of the gold mined in the United States. Mining however was not without incident, and the state was plagued by frequent labor unrest, indeed, during one strike in 1892, a shooting war even developed between striking miners and company guards.

Idaho was also an important location in the Progressive political movement, adopting policies such as woman's suffrage (1896) and prohibition (1916) in advance of other parts of the country. It was during this period that the state's economy gradually moved away from mining towards agriculture. Some mining towns became deserted "ghost towns", and others transformed themselves into ski resorts.

In the post World War II period, mining was remained an important industry in Idaho. In recent years, the state was unfortunately gained a certain noteriety in certain sections of the press, because of the presence of certain extreme rightwing and survivalist groups in some parts of the state - however the vast majority of Idaho residents are opposed to such ideologies.


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The History Of Idaho

By John Hailey

Andesite Press
Hardcover (426 pages)

The History Of Idaho
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.

As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

History of Idaho

By Leonard J. Arrington

University of Idaho
Paperback (996 pages)

History of Idaho
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Book by Arrington, Leonard J.

Frontier History Along Idaho's Clearwater River: Pioneers, Miners & Lumberjacks

By John Bradbury

Arcadia Publishing
Released: 2014-11-11
Paperback (160 pages)

Frontier History Along Idaho s Clearwater River: Pioneers, Miners & Lumberjacks
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The Clearwater River runs deep through northern Idaho's history. The Nez Perce tribe made its home along the river. Lewis and Clark's journey west took them through the Clearwater. In fact, the Nez Perce made the expedition's voyage from the Clearwater River to the Pacific Ocean possible by teaching them how to make dugout canoes from ponderosa pine logs. Fur traders like John Jacob Astor and William Ashley financed the first American commercial activity on the river, bringing trappers to the area and paving the way for the Oregon Trail. Later came the first gold rush, the Nez Perce war, statehood, homesteaders and the beginning of the logging industry. Join author John Bradbury as he recounts a time when native tribes, explorers, trappers, preachers, miners and lumberjacks made a life along the Clearwater, establishing the area for future generations.

Roadside History of Idaho (Roadside History Series)

By Betty Derig

Brand: Mountain Press Publishing Company
Released: 1996-12-01
Paperback (480 pages)

Roadside History of Idaho (Roadside History Series)
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The best way to enjoy Idaho's rich heritage is to visit the sites where history happened. Roadside History of Idaho makes you feel like you've got a native guide at hand as it transports you to those places through well-researched, well-told stories and vivid historical photographs.

In Mountain Shadows: A History of Idaho

By Carlos Arnaldo Schwantes

Brand: University of Nebraska Press
Paperback (308 pages)

In Mountain Shadows: A History of Idaho
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Idaho is now seen as one of the most intriguing and attractive states in the Union. Any view of the Gem State is likely to be broadened and deepened by this superbly written history of it, In Mountain Shadows. Carlos A. Schwantes illustrates the extent to which Idahoans have always been divided by geography, transportation patterns, religion, and history. Although the state motto should have been "Divided We Stand," as he says in affectionate jest, it is also true that Idahoans come together on some basics—on avoiding crowds and maintaining the good life close to scenic mountains and streams.

Schwantes reaches back to 1805, when Lewis and Clark were among the first white men to enter present-day Idaho. He describes the Indians then living in the Great Basin and Plateau, and proceeds through layers of history to show how fur traders, missionaries, and overland emigrants defined the land that became a territory in 1863 and, finally, a state in 1890. The vigilantism, Indian wars, mining booms and busts, and an-imosity toward Mormons and Chinese immigrants that marked the territorial years gave way to more troubles in the early years of statehood: an economic downturn, industrial violence, political protest. The arrival of automobiles promised to end isolation, but the formidable terrain slowed the building of north-south highways, just as it had railroads. Nevertheless, future Idaho would be a product of engineering and witness the coming of irrigation systems and hydroelectric plants. Schwantes brings his history through the Great Depression, World War II, and the Cold War, noting everyday life, colorful personalities, political and economic cycles, raging controversies, and current trends.

Hidden History of Lewiston, Idaho

By Steven D. Branting

The History Press
Released: 2014-02-04
Paperback (144 pages)

Hidden History of Lewiston, Idaho
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There's more to Lewiston's history than first meets the eye, and local author and historian Steven D. Branting has the stories to prove it. Branting offers a revealing look into the aspects of Lewiston's past that other, more conventional, histories may have overlooked. From the humorous to the harrowing and everything in between, this collection unveils the lesser-known events that have subtly influenced Lewiston throughout the city's history. Whether it's the tale of young May Pierstorff, sent by her parents to Lewiston through the mail to visit relatives in 1914, or Ken Mansfield, the Lewiston high school graduate who helped the Beatles establish their own record label, this diverse collection of tales sheds new light on Lewiston..

History of Idaho: The Gem of the Mountains, Volume 4

By James Henry Hawley

Arkose Press
Hardcover (606 pages)

History of Idaho: The Gem of the Mountains, Volume 4
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.

As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Idaho: History, Facts, and Trivia

By Gary L Calkins

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (248 pages)

Idaho: History, Facts, and Trivia
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A chronological history of the 43rd State in the Union. Learn about explorers such as Lewis and Clark, David Thompson, John Colter and Jim Bridger. Includes history of pioneers, and the gold rush era and facts and trivia about events, people and places

"American Indian Tribes of Idaho"

By Robert David Bolen

Brand: fort boise publishing
Paperback (182 pages)

"American Indian Tribes of Idaho"
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American Indian Tribes of Idaho is a summation of the sedentary Indian Tribes dwelling in the region that became the State of Idaho. There were seven tribes that lived in this region. An additional three tribes roamed through at will.

Wicked Women: Notorious, Mischievous, and Wayward Ladies from the Old West

By Chris Enss

TwoDot
Paperback (224 pages)

Wicked Women: Notorious, Mischievous, and Wayward Ladies from the Old West
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This collection of short, action-filled stories of the Old West’s most egregiously badly behaved female outlaws, gamblers, soiled doves, and other wicked women by award-winning Western history author Chris Enss offers a glimpse into Western Women’s experience that's less sunbonnets and more six-shooters. During the late nineteenth century, while men were settling the new frontier and rushing off to the latest boom towns, women of easy virtue found wicked lives west of the Mississippi when they followed fortune hunters seeking gold and land in an unsettled territory. Prostitutes and female gamblers hoped to capitalize on the vices of the intrepid pioneers. Pulling together stories of ladies caught in the acts of mayhem, distraction, murder, and highway robbery, it will include famous names like Belle Starr and Big Nose Kate, as well as lesser known characters.


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