Hawaii History - the history of Hawaii
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Hawaii   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Hawaii History

   
 

Hawaii History


Hawaii was first settled by Polynesian people. The process by which this took place is still a matter of debate among archaelogists, with some favoring in a theory of a single continuous migration, and others favoring a theory involving two separate waves of migration.

It is not certain when the Europeans first visited the islands, but it is possible that Spanish explorers may have reached the islands during the 16th century. When British navigator, Captain James Cook encountered the islands in 1778, he was surprised to find them, and named them the Sandwich Islands after the First Lord of the Admiralty, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, John Montagu.

Hawaii was united under a single ruler, Kamehameha I, for the first time in 1810. Until 1816, the chiefs considered the islands under British protection and flew the Union Jack. Hawaii then adopted a similar flag to the present Hawaiistate flag with a Union Jack in the canton (the top corner nearest the flagpole) and eight horizontal stripes representing the eight islands. In 1820, missionaries from a New England Congregationalist group arrived. Gradually they converted first the leading chiefs, and later the commoners to Protestant Christianity.

In the 1870s, Hawaii gradually drew closer to the United States. An 1874 treaty granted Americans exclusive grading rights. The 1876 Reciprocity Treaty allowed duty free importation of Hawaiian grown sugar and rice into the United States. Following these treaties, the Hawaiian landscape was greatly altered by the irrigation requirements of new sugar cane plantations. Additionally, an influx of immigrants from Asia (initially Chinese and later Japanese) was encouraged, in order to work the plantations.

During the 19th century, there were several periods of instability. This culiminated in the Hawaiian Revolution of 1893 when the Queen was overthrown, with the wrongful involvement of (according to the then US President, Grover Cleveland), of US diplomatic and military representatives. Grover Cleveland was however unsuccessful in his attempts to get the Queen reinstated, and eventually accepted the legitimacy of her overthrow and the new government of the Republic of Hawaii. In 1896, William McKinley became President, and two years later he signed the Newlands Resolution which annexed Hawaii to the United States.

After annexation, Pearl Harbor became (and still is) an important US Navy base. The Empire of Japan's attack on this base on December 7th 1941 was the trigger for the entry of the US into World War II. The Japanese attack resulted in severe damage to the US fleet, including the sinking of nine ships, four of which were battleships.

In 1935 and 1937, US Congress deliberated on whether Hawaii should be admitted as a US state. However, southern states opposed the admission of non-white majority territory, and the question was put on hold. In 1950, Hawaii began a new campaign for statehood by putting the question on its ballots. In 1959 the goal of statehood was finally achieved, and Hawaii was admitted as the 50th state of the Union on August 21st.


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Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands

By Gavan Daws

Gavan Daws
Released: 1974-06-01
Paperback (512 pages)

Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands
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  • Shoal of Time a History of the Hawaiian Islands
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Gavan Daws' remarkable achievement is to free Hawaiian history from the dust of antiquity. Based on years of work in the documentary sources, Shoal of Time emerges as the most readable of all Hawaiian histories.

Captive Paradise: A History of Hawaii

By James L. Haley

Haley James L
Released: 2015-12-08
Paperback (464 pages)

Captive Paradise: A History of Hawaii
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  • Captive Paradise A History of Hawaii
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The most recent state to join the union, Hawaii is the only one to have once been a royal kingdom. After its "discovery" by Captain Cook in the late 18th Century, Hawaii was fought over by European powers determined to take advantage of its position as the crossroads of the Pacific. The arrival of the first missionaries marked the beginning of the struggle between a native culture with its ancient gods, sexual libertinism and rites of human sacrifice, and the rigid values of the Calvinists. While Hawaii's royal rulers adopted Christianity, they also fought to preserve their ancient ways. But the success of the ruthless American sugar barons sealed their fate and in 1893, the American Marines overthrew Lili'uokalani, the last queen of Hawaii.

James L. Haley's Captive Paradise is the story of King Kamehameha I, The Conqueror, who unified the islands through terror and bloodshed, but whose dynasty succumbed to inbreeding; of Gilded Age tycoons like Claus Spreckels who brilliantly outmaneuvered his competitors; of firebrand Lorrin Thurston, who was determined that Hawaii be ruled by whites; of President McKinley, who presided over the eventual annexation of the islands. Not for decades has there been such a vibrant and compelling portrait of an extraordinary place and its people.

Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen

By Liliuokalani

Liliuokalani
Mass Market Paperback (409 pages)

Hawaii s Story by Hawaii s Queen
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  • Hawaii s Story By Hawaii s Queen
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The Hawaiian kingdom's last monarch wrote her biography in 1897, the year before the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands by the United States. Her story covers six decades of island history told from the viewpoint of a major historical figure. Introduction by Glen Grant.

Hawai'i:: A History of the Big Island (Making of America)

By Robert F. Oaks

Brand: Arcadia Publishing
Released: 2003-11-06
Paperback (160 pages)

Hawai i:: A History of the Big Island (Making of America)
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Although its soils are the youngest in the Hawaiian chain, the Big Island's chronicles are at times epic, tragic, and heroic, but always fascinating. Modern Hawai'i is filled with tradition and mythology, accommodating influences as diverse as its inviting landscape. Kamehameha stood tall to mold this nascent region into a unified kingdom and others fought to sustain it, while outside forces molded and shaped this island in astonishing ways.

Hawaii

By James A. Michener

Random House Trade Paperbacks
Released: 2002-07-09
Paperback (937 pages)

Hawaii
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  • Hawaii
Product Description:
Pulitzer Prize–winning author James A. Michener brings Hawaii’s epic history vividly to life in a classic saga that has captivated readers since its initial publication in 1959. As the volcanic Hawaiian Islands sprout from the ocean floor, the land remains untouched for centuries—until, little more than a thousand years ago, Polynesian seafarers make the perilous journey across the Pacific, flourishing in this tropical paradise according to their ancient traditions. Then, in the early nineteenth century, American missionaries arrive, bringing with them a new creed and a new way of life. Based on exhaustive research and told in Michener’s immersive prose, Hawaii is the story of disparate peoples struggling to keep their identity, live in harmony, and, ultimately, join together.
 
Praise for Hawaii
 
“Wonderful . . . [a] mammoth epic of the islands.”The Baltimore Sun
 
“One novel you must not miss! A tremendous work from every point of view—thrilling, exciting, lusty, vivid, stupendous.”Chicago Tribune
 
“From Michener’s devotion to the islands, he has written a monumental chronicle of Hawaii, an extraordinary and fascinating novel.”Saturday Review
 
“Memorable . . . a superb biography of a people.”Houston Chronicle

Timeline Hawaii: An Illustrated Chronological History of the Islands

By Daniel Harrington

Mutual Pub Co
Paperback (224 pages)

Timeline Hawaii: An Illustrated Chronological History of the Islands
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This highly illustrated timeline, with over 300 photographs, moves readers through the history of Hawaiian Islands, telling a story point by point until a fuller picture emerges. In this volume are collected the dates and names of the men and women who have affected these Islands, some for the better, some for worse. Here is Kamehameha I, unifier of the Islands, alongside Captain Cook, whose voyages to the Islands precipitated years of contact with the West and the near eradication of Hawaiian culture. Here are a multitude of people and events that have shaped and made these Islands into what they have become. This timeline is not a picture of Hawaiian history in its totality; that would require a work of numerous volumes. It does, however, provide the reader with a starting point for further investigation and he or she is encouraged to read the entries gathered in the succeeding pages and seek out further volumes of history to gain a fuller understanding of the events.

Lost Kingdom: Hawaii’s Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America’s First Imperial Venture

By Julia Flynn Siler

Julia Flynn Siler
Paperback (415 pages)

Lost Kingdom: Hawaii’s Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America’s First Imperial Venture
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  • Lost Kingdom Hawaii s Last Queen the Sugar Kings and America s First Imperial Venture
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"Only one American state was formally a sovereign monarchy. In this compelling narrative, the award-winning journalist Julia Flynn Siler chronicles how this Pacific kingdom, creation of a proud Polynesian people, was encountered, annexed, and absorbed." —Kevin Starr, historian, University of Southern California

Around 200 A.D., intrepid Polynesians paddled thousands of miles across the Pacific and arrived at an undisturbed archipelago. For centuries, their descendants lived with almost no contact from the Western world but in 1778 their profound isolation was shattered with the arrival of Captain Cook. Deftly weaving together a memorable cast of characters, Lost Kingdom brings to life the ensuing clash between the vulnerable Polynesian people and the relentlessly expanding capitalist powers. Portraits of royalty, rogues, sugar barons, and missionaries combine into a sweeping tale of the Hawaiian kingdom’s rise and fall.

At the center of the story is Lili‘uokalani, the last queen of Hawaii. Born in 1838, she lived through the nearly complete economic transformation of the islands. Lucrative sugar plantations owned almost exclusively by white planters, dubbed the "Sugar Kings," gradually subsumed the majority of the land. Hawaii became a prize in the contest between America, Britain, and France, each of whom were seeking to expand their military and commercial influence in the Pacific.

Lost Kingdom is the tragic story of Lili‘uokalani’s family and their fortunes. The monarchy had become a figurehead, victim to manipulation from the wealthy sugar-plantation owners. Upon ascending to the throne, Lili‘uokalani was determined to enact a constitution reinstating the monarchy’s power but she was outmaneuvered and, in January 1893, U.S. Marines from the USS Boston marched through the streets of Honolulu to the palace. The annexation of Hawaii had begun, ushering in a new century of American imperialism.

Fornander's Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I

By Abraham Fornander

Brand: Mutual Publishing
Mass Market Paperback (432 pages)

Fornander s Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I
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A reprint of this classic of precontact history tracing Hawaii's saga from legendary times to the arrival of Captain Cook, including an account of his demise. Originally published as volume II in the "An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migration," this historical work is made available again.

Queen Liliuokalani: The Hawaiian Kingdom's Last Monarch, Hawaii History, A Biography

By Kale Makana

Makana Kale
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Queen Liliuokalani: The Hawaiian Kingdom s Last Monarch, Hawaii History, A Biography
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  • Queen Liliuokalani The Hawaiian Kingdom s Last Monarch Hawaii History a Biography
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Discover Queen Liliuokalani, The Hawaiian Kingdom's Last Monarch...

The 1800’s, particularly the latter half of that century, was a time full of change, orchestrated chaos, and new beginnings. England was in the throes of the Industrial Revolution. The United States of America was blazing a trail for the western half of the country. In addition to the exploration of the continent, the country broke out in a civil war over the matter of states’ rights. South America was in a sort of Cultural Revolution as they drifted away from the control of Spain and their governments were ruled by military dictators. Yet, located in the center of Pacific Ocean, a string of islands existed making waves in World History comparable to any other much larger country or nation. This string of islands is referred to today as Hawaii.

From how the archipelago measuring over three thousand kilometers long formed the first settlement to the unification of the islands by King Kamehameha the Great, Hawaii’s rich culture, and history takes a hold of you and takes you on a ride of the highs and lows of the monarchy—that is, until subterfuge, trickery, and greed snatch the islands from the hands of the last monarch—Queen Lili’uokalanai.

Watch as in a matter of forty eight years, the population of native Hawaiians drops from ninety five percent to a tiny fifteen percent. The young princess must make a decision that could cost many of those under her control the loss of financial prosperity and choose between the lives of her people or their livelihood. Follow along as William McKinley deals a final blow to the Hawaiian Kingdom with his McKinley Tariff Act of 1890.

Then came the day that the tiny kingdom would find itself absorbed into another—the day that Hawaii became a territory of the United States of America in 1898 after the overthrow & imprisonment of the Queen sliced through the heart of a kingdom forever changing its history.

Korea's Twentieth-Century Odyssey: A Short History

By Michael E. Robinson

Michael E Robinson
Released: 2007-04-30
Paperback (232 pages)

Korea s Twentieth-Century Odyssey: A Short History
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  • Korea s Twentieth century Odyssey A Short History
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For more than half of the twentieth century, the Korean peninsula has been divided between two hostile and competitive nation-states, each claiming to be the sole legitimate expression of the Korean nation. The division remains an unsolved problem dating to the beginnings of the Cold War and now projects the politics of that period into the twenty-first century. Korea’s Twentieth-Century Odyssey is designed to provide readers with the historical essentials upon which to unravel the complex politics and contemporary crises that currently exist in the East Asian region. Beginning with a description of late-nineteenth-century imperialism, Michael Robinson shows how traditional Korean political culture shaped the response of Koreans to multiple threats to their sovereignty after being opened to the world economy by Japan in the 1870s. He locates the origins of both modern nationalism and the economic and cultural modernization of Korea in the twenty years preceding the fall of the traditional state to Japanese colonialism in 1910.

Robinson breaks new ground with his analysis of the colonial period, tracing the ideological division of contemporary Korea to the struggle of different actors to mobilize a national independence movement at the time. More importantly, he locates the reason for successful Japanese hegemony in policies that included―and thus implicated―Koreans within the colonial system. He concludes with a discussion of the political and economic evolution of South and North Korea after 1948 that accounts for the valid legitimacy claims of both nation-states on the peninsula.



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