Guam History - the history of Guam
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Guam   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Guam History

   
 

Guam History


Guam was first discovered and inhabited by sea-faring people who came from Asia (possibly Indonesia or the Philippines), around about 2000 BC. These people, the Chamorros, developed a complex society, and traded with other islands in Micronesia.

On March 6th, 1521, the first Europeans arrived: Ferdinand Magellan's ships, on their expedition to circumnavigate the globe. The Chamarros natives of the islands welcomed the Spanish with food and drink. The Chamarros expected to be paid, whereas the Europeans believed these supplies to be gifts, so the Chamarros stole iron from the decks of the Spanish ships. The Spanish retaliated by killing several islanders and burning homes. Magellan consequently named Guam and the other Mariana Islands, "Las Islas de los Ladrones" (The Islands of Thieves).

In 1667, Spain claimed the islands and established a colony there. In 1668, Padre San Vitores, the first Spanish missionary, arrived. He renamed the islands "Las Marianas" after Mariana of Austria, widow of King Philip IV of Spain, and remained on the islands until his murder in 1672.

On June 21st, 1898, Guam was captured by US forces during the Spanish-American war, and was ceded to the United States by the subsequent Treaty of Paris which ended the war. (Spain later sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany).

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded the islands and subjected them to a brutal 31-month occupation. The islands were eventually recaptured in the Battle of Guam which took place between July 21st and August 10th of 1944

Following World War II, a series of acts relaxed the U.S. administration of Guam, established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, granted US citizenship to all persons born on Guam since 1899, allowed a non-voting Guam delegate in the US House of Representatives, and allowed the islanders to elect their own governor and lieutenant governor. In 1982, Guam residents overwhelmingly voted for a closer relationship with the United States as a Commonwealth. However, progress towards implementing the decision has been slow.

In recent years, Guam has suffered a number of setbacks, including the 1990s Asian economic crisis, and September 11th attacks, damaging the tourism industry, the 1990s military cutbacks affecting the military-dependant part of the island's economy, and the supertyphoons Paka in 1997, and Pongsona in 2002.


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Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

By Robert F. Rogers

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2011-06-30
Paperback (408 pages)

Destiny s Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition
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This revised edition of the standard history of Guam is intended for general readers and students of the history, politics, and government of the Pacific region. Its narrative spans more than 450 years, beginning with the initial written records of Guam by members of Magellan 1521 expedition and concluding with the impact of the recent global recession on Guam’s fragile economy.

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition

By Evan Adams

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (172 pages)

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition
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During World War II the Japanese landed on Guam just after the Pearl Harbor attack and occupied the island by Dec. 12, 1941, In the 1970s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office in 1970. More information on Guam history for the entire settlement process and sovereignty… Culture: The modern Chamoru culture is visually manifested in dances, sea navigation, unique cuisines, games {batu, chonka, estuleks and bayogu}, songs and fashion influenced by the transmigration of Pacific peoples. Guahan was administratively taken over by the U.S. in 1898 as spoils of the Spanish American War. In 1521

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944

By Don A. Farrell

Brand: Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (192 pages)

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944
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Book by Don A. Farrell

Dictionary and Grammar of the Chamorro Language of the Island of Guam

By Preissig Edward Ritter Von 1870-

HardPress Publishing
Paperback (258 pages)

Dictionary and Grammar of the Chamorro Language of the Island of Guam
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Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.

Guahan Guam: The History of Our Island

By Pedro C. Sanchez

Sanchez Publishing
Hardcover

Guahan Guam: The History of Our Island
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Guahan Guam: The History of Our Island Hardcover- January 1, 1998 by Pedro C. Sanchez(Author)

Sex, Culture and Modernity in China: Medical Science and the Construction of Sexual Identities in the Early Republican Period

By Frank Dikotter

Univ of Hawaii Pr
Hardcover (392 pages)

Sex, Culture and Modernity in China: Medical Science and the Construction of Sexual Identities in the Early Republican Period
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Hardcover book in Excellent condition

Remember Guam

By Paula Ann Lujan Quinene

Infinity Publishing
Released: 2012-10-19
Paperback (225 pages)

Remember Guam
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"Hey Paula, I just wanted to let you know that I truly enjoyed Remember Guam! What a great set of experiences you have captured!  In reading those, I recall mine and how I miss those days gone by." 
 
Remember Guam was written to capture the memories of natives and visitors alike. This book also includes recipes not found in A Taste of Guam. Each recipe has a corresponding video on the author's website.
 
"Paula, Aloha and Hafa Adai! Hey, we used your YouTube instructions for making empanadas...what a HIT! Thanks very much for the posting and keep up the teach!"
 
"Your videos from Remember Guam are great!  Everything looks so good you can smell it cooking on the screen. Thanks for taking the time to make videos for us."
 
Get your very own copy now! Order yours today!

A History of Guam

By Lawrence J. Cunningham

Bess Pr Inc
Hardcover (344 pages)

A History of Guam
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Hard cover textbook written for elementary school students. This is a valuable reference for any student of Guam's history. Enhanced by historical photos from Guam's museum collections, as well as modern color photos, the carefully researched text brings to life the people and events from ancient to contemporary Guam.

Always Faithful: A Memoir of the Marine Dogs of WWII

By William W. Putney

Brand: Potomac Books Inc.
Paperback (256 pages)

Always Faithful: A Memoir of the Marine Dogs of WWII
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As a twenty-three-year-old veterinarian, William W. Putney joined the Marine Corps at the height of World War II. He commanded the Third Dog Platoon during the battle for Guam and later served as chief veterinarian and commanding officer of the War Dog Training School, where he helped train former pets for war in the Pacific. After the war, he fought successfully to have USMC war dogs returned to their civilian owners. Always Faithful is Putney’s celebration of the four-legged soldiers that he both commanded and followed. It is a tale of immense courage as well as of incredible sacrifice.
 
For anyone who has ever read Old Yeller or the books of Jack London, here is a real-life story that rivals any fiction. At once a wistful tribute and a stirring adventure, Always Faithful will enthrall readers with one of the great animal stories of all time.

Robinson Crusoe, USN: The Adventures of George R. Tweed Rm1c on Japanese-Held Guam

By George R. Tweed

Brand: Westholme Publishing
Released: 2010-04-19
Paperback (280 pages)

Robinson Crusoe, USN: The Adventures of George R. Tweed Rm1c on Japanese-Held Guam
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"In many ways this book is superior to the Robinson Crusoe we read as children. Tweed was confronted by greater dangers and greater difficulties. And his ingenuity was also greater: Electric lights, a radio, an elaborate alarm system, furniture, clothing, these were some of the things Tweed contrived during his 2 1/2 years of dangerous exile. Readers will marvel at the tenacity and will to live of a fellow man. . . . This is a book to read. It is also a book to own; your children and your grandchildren will want to read it some day.” —Springfield Republican

“Excellent.” —Library Journal 

At the same time as the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan captured American Guam. Given the choice of surrendering or being taken prisoner, George R. Tweed escaped into the countryside. Aided by Chamorro natives who risked their lives to keep him safe, Tweed survived for two and a half years until he was eventually rescued by the U.S. Navy.



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