Guam History - the history of Guam
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Guam   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Guam History

   
 

Guam History


Guam was first discovered and inhabited by sea-faring people who came from Asia (possibly Indonesia or the Philippines), around about 2000 BC. These people, the Chamorros, developed a complex society, and traded with other islands in Micronesia.

On March 6th, 1521, the first Europeans arrived: Ferdinand Magellan's ships, on their expedition to circumnavigate the globe. The Chamarros natives of the islands welcomed the Spanish with food and drink. The Chamarros expected to be paid, whereas the Europeans believed these supplies to be gifts, so the Chamarros stole iron from the decks of the Spanish ships. The Spanish retaliated by killing several islanders and burning homes. Magellan consequently named Guam and the other Mariana Islands, "Las Islas de los Ladrones" (The Islands of Thieves).

In 1667, Spain claimed the islands and established a colony there. In 1668, Padre San Vitores, the first Spanish missionary, arrived. He renamed the islands "Las Marianas" after Mariana of Austria, widow of King Philip IV of Spain, and remained on the islands until his murder in 1672.

On June 21st, 1898, Guam was captured by US forces during the Spanish-American war, and was ceded to the United States by the subsequent Treaty of Paris which ended the war. (Spain later sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany).

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded the islands and subjected them to a brutal 31-month occupation. The islands were eventually recaptured in the Battle of Guam which took place between July 21st and August 10th of 1944

Following World War II, a series of acts relaxed the U.S. administration of Guam, established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, granted US citizenship to all persons born on Guam since 1899, allowed a non-voting Guam delegate in the US House of Representatives, and allowed the islanders to elect their own governor and lieutenant governor. In 1982, Guam residents overwhelmingly voted for a closer relationship with the United States as a Commonwealth. However, progress towards implementing the decision has been slow.

In recent years, Guam has suffered a number of setbacks, including the 1990s Asian economic crisis, and September 11th attacks, damaging the tourism industry, the 1990s military cutbacks affecting the military-dependant part of the island's economy, and the supertyphoons Paka in 1997, and Pongsona in 2002.


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Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

By Robert F. Rogers

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2011-06-30
Paperback (408 pages)

Destiny s Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition
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This revised edition of the standard history of Guam is intended for general readers and students of the history, politics, and government of the Pacific region. Its narrative spans more than 450 years, beginning with the initial written records of Guam by members of Magellan 1521 expedition and concluding with the impact of the recent global recession on Guam’s fragile economy.

Remember Guam

By Paula Ann Lujan Quinene

Infinity Publishing
Released: 2012-10-19
Paperback (225 pages)

Remember Guam
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"Hey Paula, I just wanted to let you know that I truly enjoyed Remember Guam! What a great set of experiences you have captured!  In reading those, I recall mine and how I miss those days gone by." 
 
Remember Guam was written to capture the memories of natives and visitors alike. This book also includes recipes not found in A Taste of Guam. Each recipe has a corresponding video on the author's website.
 
"Paula, Aloha and Hafa Adai! Hey, we used your YouTube instructions for making empanadas...what a HIT! Thanks very much for the posting and keep up the teach!"
 
"Your videos from Remember Guam are great!  Everything looks so good you can smell it cooking on the screen. Thanks for taking the time to make videos for us."
 
Get your very own copy now! Order yours today!

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition

By Evan Adams

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (172 pages)

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition
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During World War II the Japanese landed on Guam just after the Pearl Harbor attack and occupied the island by Dec. 12, 1941, In the 1970s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office in 1970. More information on Guam history for the entire settlement process and sovereignty… Culture: The modern Chamoru culture is visually manifested in dances, sea navigation, unique cuisines, games {batu, chonka, estuleks and bayogu}, songs and fashion influenced by the transmigration of Pacific peoples. Guahan was administratively taken over by the U.S. in 1898 as spoils of the Spanish American War. In 1521

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944

By Don A. Farrell

Brand: Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (192 pages)

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944
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Book by Don A. Farrell

Guam: A Natural History

By Reilly Ridgell

Bess Pr Inc
Paperback (208 pages)

Guam: A Natural History
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No marks, writing or highlighting, cover has very minor wear; 2 Day Priority Mail® shipping for the cost of standard shipping!

Guam: Operations of the 77th Division (21 July - 10 August 1944) (American Forces in Action Series)

By U.S. Army Center for Military History

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (148 pages)

Guam: Operations of the 77th Division (21 July - 10 August 1944) (American Forces in Action Series)
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The seizure of Guam in July-August 1944 added another base to our growing chain of possessions encircling the Japanese homeland. Marine troops made the initial landings on Guam and were aided in capturing the island by army units, comprised chiefly of the 77th Infantry Division. Guam tells the Army's part of the campaign. This study is based upon a first narrative prepared in the field from military records and from notes and interviews recorded during the operation by S/ Sgt. James M. Burns. “Guam: Operations of the 77th Division (21 July-10 August 1944)” is one of a series of fourteen studies of World War II operations originally published by the War Department's Historical Division and now returned to print as part of the Army's commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of that momentous clash of arms. These volumes, prepared by professional historians shortly after the events described, provide a concise summary of some of the major campaigns and battles fought by American soldiers.

Captured: The Forgotten Men of Guam

By Roger Mansell

Naval Institute Press
Hardcover (288 pages)

Captured: The Forgotten Men of Guam
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In the years before the outbreak of the war in the Pacific, Guam was a paradise for the Navy, Marine and civilian employees of Pan American Airways, who found themselves stationed on the island. However their apprehension about the fate of the island increased as they anticipated a Japanese attack in the fall of 1941. Shortly after attack on Pearl Harbor, Guam was bombed and the Japanese invasion soon followed. Since Guam was not heavily fortified it soon fell to the invading Japanese.

In the takeover of the island, the Japanese practiced a swift brutality against the captive Americans as well as native population, and then immediately removed the American military and civilian personnel to Japan. Only a lucky few escaped, including five Navy nurses and dependent Ruby Hellmers and her baby Charlene, who were transported back to America aboard the Swedish ship Gripsholm in mid-1942.

In Captured, Mansell tells the story of the captives from Guam, whose story until now has largely been forgotten. Drawing upon interviews with survivors, diaries and archival records, Mansell documents the movements of American military and civilian men as they went from one Japanese POW camp to another, slowly starving as they performed slave labor for Japanese companies. Meanwhile, he describes the brutal horrors suffered by Guamian natives during Japan's occupation of the island, especially as the Japanese prepared for American forces to re-take this U.S. possession in 1945.

Moving stories of liberation, transportation home, and the aftermath of these horrific experiences are narrated as the book draws to a close. Mansell concludes that America's lack of military preparation, disbelief in Japan's ambitions in the Pacific, and focus on Europe all contributed to the captivity of more than three years of suffering for the forgotten Americans from Guam as the Pacific War raged around them.

Captured was completed by historian Linda Goetz Holmes after the death of Roger Mansell.

The History of Guam ALS/PDC: 1900-1998, Annotated Chronological Bibliography

By Kwang-Ming Chen

University of Guam
Plastic Comb (67 pages)

The History of Guam ALS/PDC: 1900-1998, Annotated Chronological Bibliography
 

A History of Guam

By Lawrence J. Cunningham

Bess Pr Inc
Hardcover (344 pages)

A History of Guam
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Robinson Crusoe, USN: The Adventures of George R. Tweed RM1C on Jap-Held Guam (Annotated)

By George Tweed & Alan Anderson

Released: 2013-12-05
Kindle Edition (278 pages)

Robinson Crusoe, USN: The Adventures of George R. Tweed RM1C on Jap-Held Guam (Annotated)
 
Product Description:
The true story/account of United States Navy Radioman George Tweed and his 31 months of survival on Japanese-held Guam during World War II.


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