Guam History - the history of Guam
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Guam   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Guam History

   
 

Guam History


Guam was first discovered and inhabited by sea-faring people who came from Asia (possibly Indonesia or the Philippines), around about 2000 BC. These people, the Chamorros, developed a complex society, and traded with other islands in Micronesia.

On March 6th, 1521, the first Europeans arrived: Ferdinand Magellan's ships, on their expedition to circumnavigate the globe. The Chamarros natives of the islands welcomed the Spanish with food and drink. The Chamarros expected to be paid, whereas the Europeans believed these supplies to be gifts, so the Chamarros stole iron from the decks of the Spanish ships. The Spanish retaliated by killing several islanders and burning homes. Magellan consequently named Guam and the other Mariana Islands, "Las Islas de los Ladrones" (The Islands of Thieves).

In 1667, Spain claimed the islands and established a colony there. In 1668, Padre San Vitores, the first Spanish missionary, arrived. He renamed the islands "Las Marianas" after Mariana of Austria, widow of King Philip IV of Spain, and remained on the islands until his murder in 1672.

On June 21st, 1898, Guam was captured by US forces during the Spanish-American war, and was ceded to the United States by the subsequent Treaty of Paris which ended the war. (Spain later sold the Northern Mariana Islands to Germany).

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded the islands and subjected them to a brutal 31-month occupation. The islands were eventually recaptured in the Battle of Guam which took place between July 21st and August 10th of 1944

Following World War II, a series of acts relaxed the U.S. administration of Guam, established the island as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, granted US citizenship to all persons born on Guam since 1899, allowed a non-voting Guam delegate in the US House of Representatives, and allowed the islanders to elect their own governor and lieutenant governor. In 1982, Guam residents overwhelmingly voted for a closer relationship with the United States as a Commonwealth. However, progress towards implementing the decision has been slow.

In recent years, Guam has suffered a number of setbacks, including the 1990s Asian economic crisis, and September 11th attacks, damaging the tourism industry, the 1990s military cutbacks affecting the military-dependant part of the island's economy, and the supertyphoons Paka in 1997, and Pongsona in 2002.


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Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

By Robert F. Rogers

Brand: University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2011-06-30
Paperback (408 pages)

Destiny s Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition
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This revised edition of the standard history of Guam is intended for general readers and students of the history, politics, and government of the Pacific region. Its narrative spans more than 450 years, beginning with the initial written records of Guam by members of Magellan 1521 expedition and concluding with the impact of the recent global recession on Guam’s fragile economy.

Remember Guam

By Paula Ann Lujan Quinene

Infinity Publishing
Released: 2012-10-19
Paperback (225 pages)

Remember Guam
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"Hey Paula, I just wanted to let you know that I truly enjoyed Remember Guam! What a great set of experiences you have captured!  In reading those, I recall mine and how I miss those days gone by." 
 
Remember Guam was written to capture the memories of natives and visitors alike. This book also includes recipes not found in A Taste of Guam. Each recipe has a corresponding video on the author's website.
 
"Paula, Aloha and Hafa Adai! Hey, we used your YouTube instructions for making empanadas...what a HIT! Thanks very much for the posting and keep up the teach!"
 
"Your videos from Remember Guam are great!  Everything looks so good you can smell it cooking on the screen. Thanks for taking the time to make videos for us."
 
Get your very own copy now! Order yours today!

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944

By Don A. Farrell

Brand: Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (192 pages)

The Pictorial History of Guam: Liberation 1944
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Book by Don A. Farrell

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition

By Evan Adams

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (172 pages)

Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition
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During World War II the Japanese landed on Guam just after the Pearl Harbor attack and occupied the island by Dec. 12, 1941, In the 1970s Guam gradually began to move toward representative self-government. The first popularly elected governor ran for office in 1970. More information on Guam history for the entire settlement process and sovereignty… Culture: The modern Chamoru culture is visually manifested in dances, sea navigation, unique cuisines, games {batu, chonka, estuleks and bayogu}, songs and fashion influenced by the transmigration of Pacific peoples. Guahan was administratively taken over by the U.S. in 1898 as spoils of the Spanish American War. In 1521

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)

By Mavis Warner Van Peenen

Richard Flores Taitano Micronesian Area Research Center
Released: 2009-05-31
Hardcover (164 pages)

Chamorro Legends on the Island of Guam (Marc Publications Series)
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"Van Peenen’s little book is one of the few records of Chamorro oral tradition and is therefore an invaluable source for cultural memory as well as the study of how Chamorro identity changed from centuries of cultural submergence, and clearly bears the marks of cultural domination. . . . Despite her politically incorrect diversions, Van Peenen has done a great service for Chamorro culture and identity." ―from the Introduction by John A. Peterson

Text in English and Spanish

The Sacrifice of Guam, 1919-1943 (The Pictorial History of Guam)

By Don A. Farrell

Micronesian Productions
Hardcover (251 pages)

The Sacrifice of Guam, 1919-1943 (The Pictorial History of Guam)
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Don Farrell is a well known historian and educator of the greater Micronesia island area, specializing in the history of Guam. This portion of his Guam history covers the crucial period from post WWI to the United States' temporary surrender of Guam to the Japanese during World War II.

Repositioning the Missionary: Rewriting the Histories of Colonialism, Native Catholicism, and Indigeneity in Guam (Pacific Islands Monographs Series)

By Vicente M. Diaz

University of Hawaii Press
Released: 2010-07-13
Paperback (500 pages)

Repositioning the Missionary: Rewriting the Histories of Colonialism, Native Catholicism, and Indigeneity in Guam (Pacific Islands Monographs Series)
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In the vein of an emergent Native Pacific brand of cultural studies, Repositioning the Missionary critically examines the cultural and political stakes of the historic and present-day movement to canonize Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores (1627–1672), the Spanish Jesuit missionary who was martyred by Mata'pang of Guam while establishing the Catholic mission among the Chamorros in the Mariana Islands. The work juxtaposes official, popular, and critical perspectives of the movement to complicate prevailing ideas about colonialism, historiography, and indigenous culture and identity in the Pacific.

The book is divided into three sections. The first, "From Above, Working the Native," focuses exclusively on the narratological reconsolidation of official Roman Catholic Church viewpoints as staked in the historic (seventeenth century) and contemporary (twentieth century) movements to canonize San Vitores, including the symbolic costs of these viewpoints for Native Chamorro cultural and political possibilities not in line with Church views. Section two, "From Below: Working the Saint," shifts attention and perspective to local, competing forms of Chamorro piety. In their effort to canonize San Vitores, Natives also rework the saint to negotiate new cultural and social canons for themselves and in ways that produce new meanings for their island. "From Behind: Transgressive Histories" shifts from official and lay Roman and Chamorro Catholic viewpoints to the author’s own critical project of rendering alternative portrayals of San Vitores and Mata'pang.

Theoretically innovative and provocative, humorous, and inspired, Repositioning the Missionary melds poststructuralist, feminist, Native studies, and cultural studies analytic and political frameworks with an intensely personal voice to model a new critical interdisciplinary approach to the study of indigenous culture and history.14 illus.

Alaska (CB-1) & Guam (CB-2) - U.S. Navy Battlecruisers in World War 2 - An Alternate History

By Byron Angel

Released: 2018-01-26
Kindle Edition (61 pages)

Alaska (CB-1) & Guam (CB-2) - U.S. Navy Battlecruisers in World War 2 - An Alternate History
 
Product Description:
The U.S. Navy started thinking about building battlecruisers in the early 1930s. For a variety of reasons, construction of the battlecruisers didn't start until after World War 2 had begun, and the Alaska and Guam only saw action late in the war. In this alternate history, construction of the battlecruisers starts four years earlier.

Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam (Marines in World War II Commemorative Series)

By Cyril J. O'Brien

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (48 pages)

Liberation:  Marines in the Recapture of Guam (Marines in World War II Commemorative Series)
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With the instantaneous opening of a two-hour, ever-increasing bombardment by six battleships, nine cruisers, a host of destroyers and rocket ships, laying their wrath on the wrinkled black hills, rice paddies, cliffs, and caves that faced the attacking fleet on the west side of the island, Liberation Day for Guam began at 0530, 21 July 1944. Fourteen-inch guns belching fire and thunder set spectacular blossoms of flame sprouting on the fields and hillsides inland. It was all very plain to see in the glow of star shells which illuminated the shore, the ships, and the troops who lined the rails of the transports and LSTs (Landing Ships, Tank) which brought the U.S. Marines and soldiers there. The barrages, which at daylight would be enlarged by the strafing and bombing of carrier fighters, bombers, and torpedo planes, were the grand climax of 13 days (since 8 July) of unceasing prelanding softening-up. Indeed, carrier aircraft of Task Force 58 had been blasting Guam airfields since 11 June, while the first bombardment of the B-24s and B-25s of the Fifth, Seventh, and Thirteenth Air Forces fell as early as 6 May. This is book is about the Liberation of Guam, in particular, Marines involved in the Recapture of Guam.


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