Connecticut History - the history of Connecticut
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Connecticut   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Connecticut History

   
 

Connecticut History


Prior to European settlement, the area that is today known as Connecticut, was inhabited by various Algoquian tribes. The Dutch were the first Europeans to arrive in the area: Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block, is known to have sailed up the Connecticut River, at least as far as Hartford in 1614. The Dutch West India Company is also known to have been trading furs in the area in 1623, and to have later set up fortifications in the area.

English colonists from Massachusetts began to arrive in the 1630s, and created settlements at Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Hartford (1636), Saybrook (1636) and New Haven (1637). As might be expected, there was indeed considerable competition between the English and Dutch. This led the Dutch to send a party up river with the intention of taking gifts to the Indians and encouraging them to trade - however, the Dutch inadvertently transmitted smallpox into the Indian population, which wiped out 75% of the Indians within a year. Eventually the English gained the upper hand, and following the 1654 Treaty of Hartford, the Dutch withdrew completely from the area.

In 1662, the Connecticut Colony gained a Royal Charter that confirmed self-government, and granted a western limit to the colony of the Pacific Ocean. This claim, stretching across the entire North American continent, led to clashes with other colonies, that continued well into the late 18th century.

Connecticut was one of the 13 colonies involved in the American Revolution (1775 to 1783), but its internal self-government continued unchanged after it adopted the US Constitution on January 9th, 1788. The state in fact continued to operate under its 1662 Charter until 1818, when a new state constitution was finally adopted.

In the 20th century, large numbers of European immigrants arrived in Connecticut, including many immigrants from Italy and Poland, gradually transforming the ethnic mix in the state. Connecticut was an important supplier of military equipment in both World Wars, during the Cold War. Today the state is primarily suburban and middle-class, although there are still some rural areas. In recent years, the Pequot Native Americans (indigenous to the area) have gained official recognition, and the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation is now one of the richest in the country.


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Connecticut Lore: Strange, Off-Kilter, & Full of Surprises

By Zachary Lamothe

Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.
Paperback (160 pages)

Connecticut Lore: Strange, Off-Kilter, & Full of Surprises
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From tales of its haunted history, curious encounters, and forgotten places, Connecticut is full of surprises and worth investigating whether you re a local or an out-of-towner. Visit abandoned Norwich State Hospital and Daniel s Village, hear stories of demonic possessions, and discover the mysteries of Plum Island and the lore of Pirate treasure and witchcraft.

Hidden History of Connecticut

By Wilson Faude

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2010-11-26
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Connecticut
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Connecticut's history is full of engaging and fascinating stories, rocks that are national monuments, the "people's sculptor," football players on chapel finials, moons on the Travelers calendars, artists Frederic Church and Eric Sloane and even a Thanksgiving Day touch football game with a future president. These are tales from Greenwich to Enfield, from Sharon to Old Lyme and so much in between. Follow along with historian Wilson Faude in this "must-have" Connecticut book as he traverses the state in search of hidden history.

A Primary Source History of the Colony of Connecticut (Primary Sources of the Thirteen Colonies and the Lost Colony)

By Ann Malaspina

Brand: Rosen Central
Paperback (64 pages)

A Primary Source History of the Colony of Connecticut (Primary Sources of the Thirteen Colonies and the Lost Colony)
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THIRTEEN COLONIES & THE LOST COLONY ™ Take a step back and discover the thirteen colonies of Colonial America. From European exploration through the American Revolution, witness the unique history and character of each colony. Trace the role of each colony in the American Revolution and that colony's impact on the formation of our Constitution. This primary source series includes transcribed colonial patents and charters, with an explanation for readers in contemporary language. Maps and portraits of notable colonists are also included. Connecticut: Using primary source materials to enhance the text, this book tells the provocative story of the Connecticut colony and its first inhabitants, first constitution, and the Fundamental Orders of 1639, which helped to create a representative self-government.

Connecticut: A History

By David Morris Roth

W. W. Norton & Company
Paperback (264 pages)

Connecticut: A History
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  • ISBN13: 9780393331745
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Product Description:

Connecticut today continues to combine conservatism and inventiveness in a way that makes it different from other places. The people of Connecticut take pride in that, even as they struggle to balance the demands of change with old traditions and steady habits.

By American standards, Connecticut is a very old place. The descendants of many of its original Puritan settlers still live here, and in their names--Hale, Baldwin, Trumbull, Bulkeley--the spirit of Thomas Hooker still seems to cast a shadow. From its beginnings, caution and conservatism have shaped the Connecticut character and have made its nickname, "The Land of Steady Habits," truly descriptive of life here.

Yet not everyone in Connecticut shares either that ancestry or that disposition. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, people of decidedly different backgrounds and outlooks joined the scions of old Puritans and Yankees to enrich--and to complicate--the state's history. Though endowed by nature and the shapers of boundaries with few resources and little space, the people of Connecticut from colonial times to the present have distinguished themselves as enthusiastic and talented purveyors to the rest of the nation of a vast array of goods and services. In the process, they have secured for themselves a degree of economic eminence shared by few other places, and they have proven that there is substance in the old idea of "Yankee inventiveness."

The Traprock Landscapes of New England: Environment, History, and Culture (The Driftless Connecticut Series & Garnet Books)

By Peter M. LeTourneau

Wesleyan
Paperback (208 pages)

The Traprock Landscapes of New England: Environment, History, and Culture (The Driftless Connecticut Series & Garnet Books)
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Stunning photography and fact-filled text reveal new perspectives on southern New England's most unique natural region. A picturesque journey through the traprock highlands from New Haven, Connecticut to Amherst, Massachusetts, this book captures the majesty of wild windswept cliffs, panoramic summit vistas, and intimate details of the natural world through the eyes of an artist and the mind of a scientist. By tracing the influence of natural history on cultural development in the Connecticut Valley, the authors present a compelling argument that the rocky highlands are landscapes of national significance, where the particular combination of geology, geography, water resources, climate, and human settlement fostered vital developments in Early American science, education, agriculture, manufacturing, technology, and the creative arts. Through vibrant color photographs of high alpine crags and lush forests, thundering waterfalls and splashing cascades, and close-up views of the rocks, flowers, and birds, The Traprock Landscapes of New England presents the incomparable beauty of the region as never before. Overflowing with information, long-time fans, first-time visitors, nature lovers, rock climbers, history buffs, land use managers, and many others will find plenty to satisfy in the detailed text and captions, crisp photos, historical images, informative maps, and more. Showcasing popular locales, and revealing “secret spots,” this must-have resource will encourage old friends and newcomers alike to visit the rugged crags once called “the boldest and most beautiful” landscapes in New England.

Connecticut

By Roger Eddy

Graphic Arts Books
Hardcover (160 pages)

Connecticut
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""Connecticut"" distills the state's magnificent beauty and history, from its colonial beginnings to its current economic strength. Superb photography.

A History of the Connecticut River

By Wick Griswold

The History Press
Released: 2012-04-12
Paperback (128 pages)

A History of the Connecticut River
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Paddle from Enfield Rapids to Long Island Sound and travel down one of America's most famous waterways, the Connecticut River. Its calm waters conceal an unruly past, where native tribes lost ground to Dutch and English colonists who vied for the river's immense economic power. The skyline of Hartford looms on the western shore, with the gold dome of the capitol as a remnant of this robust economy centered on world trade. Many have found a deep inspiration along the river, including Lady Fenwick, a local legend; David Bushnell, creator of the first American submarine; and even Albert Einstein, who contemplated the cosmos while relaxing on the riverbanks. Author Wick Griswold takes readers on a provocative journey as he traces the history of the Connecticut River.

A History of Connecticut Wine: Vineyard in Your Backyard (American Palate)

By Eric D. Lehman

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2011-03-11
Paperback (144 pages)

A History of Connecticut Wine: Vineyard in Your Backyard (American Palate)
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Wine has been meticulously crafted in Connecticut ever since colonists discovered wild grapes growing on their land. At first glance the New England climate appears inhospitable for this fastidious fruit but a number of varieties thrive here, including pinot gris, chardonnay, cabernet franc, cayuga white and st. croix. These carefully cultivated grapes have produced wines of unique characteristics and surprising quality. Join local wine enthusiasts Eric D. Lehman and Amy Nawrocki as they explore the intricacies of the region's local blends, the vintners that craft them, and the people who taste them. With vineyards and wineries in every corner of the state you're likely to find one that suits your palate in your backyard

The History of Connecticut, from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time

By W. H. Carpenter

Leopold Classic Library
Released: 2016-04-19
Paperback (296 pages)

The History of Connecticut, from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time
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Leopold is delighted to publish this classic book as part of our extensive Classic Library collection. Many of the books in our collection have been out of print for decades, and therefore have not been accessible to the general public. The aim of our publishing program is to facilitate rapid access to this vast reservoir of literature, and our view is that this is a significant literary work, which deserves to be brought back into print after many decades. The contents of the vast majority of titles in the Classic Library have been scanned from the original works. To ensure a high quality product, each title has been meticulously hand curated by our staff. This means that we have checked every single page in every title, making it highly unlikely that any material imperfections – such as poor picture quality, blurred or missing text - remain. When our staff observed such imperfections in the original work, these have either been repaired, or the title has been excluded from the Leopold Classic Library catalogue. As part of our on-going commitment to delivering value to the reader, within the book we have also provided you with a link to a website, where you may download a digital version of this work for free. Our philosophy has been guided by a desire to provide the reader with a book that is as close as possible to ownership of the original work. We hope that you will enjoy this wonderful classic work, and that for you it becomes an enriching experience. If you would like to learn more about the Leopold Classic Library collection please visit our website at www.leopoldclassiclibrary.com

Connecticut Valley Tobacco

By Brianna E. Dunlap

Arcadia Publishing Inc.
Released: 2016-09-05
Paperback (144 pages)

Connecticut Valley Tobacco
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Cigar tobacco runs in the blood of Connecticut River Valley farmers. Delve into the surprising history of the region’s most iconic crop, all the way back to early Native American uses and the boom of the Civil War. Though fashionable in the 1950s, the popularity of cigars declined a decade later, nearly destroying the region’s tobacco industry. A resurgence in the 1990s brought new life to the crop, and the reopening of Cuba in 2015 added a new chapter for cigar tobacco. Brianna Dunlap, director of the Connecticut Valley Tobacco Museum, provides a guide to important tobacco landmarks from East Haddam to Brattleboro, featuring stunning photography from Leonard Hellerman. It is the story of the people―the farmers and field hands―who made tobacco the soul of the valley.


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