Connecticut History - the history of Connecticut
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Connecticut   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Connecticut History

   
 

Connecticut History


Prior to European settlement, the area that is today known as Connecticut, was inhabited by various Algoquian tribes. The Dutch were the first Europeans to arrive in the area: Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block, is known to have sailed up the Connecticut River, at least as far as Hartford in 1614. The Dutch West India Company is also known to have been trading furs in the area in 1623, and to have later set up fortifications in the area.

English colonists from Massachusetts began to arrive in the 1630s, and created settlements at Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Hartford (1636), Saybrook (1636) and New Haven (1637). As might be expected, there was indeed considerable competition between the English and Dutch. This led the Dutch to send a party up river with the intention of taking gifts to the Indians and encouraging them to trade - however, the Dutch inadvertently transmitted smallpox into the Indian population, which wiped out 75% of the Indians within a year. Eventually the English gained the upper hand, and following the 1654 Treaty of Hartford, the Dutch withdrew completely from the area.

In 1662, the Connecticut Colony gained a Royal Charter that confirmed self-government, and granted a western limit to the colony of the Pacific Ocean. This claim, stretching across the entire North American continent, led to clashes with other colonies, that continued well into the late 18th century.

Connecticut was one of the 13 colonies involved in the American Revolution (1775 to 1783), but its internal self-government continued unchanged after it adopted the US Constitution on January 9th, 1788. The state in fact continued to operate under its 1662 Charter until 1818, when a new state constitution was finally adopted.

In the 20th century, large numbers of European immigrants arrived in Connecticut, including many immigrants from Italy and Poland, gradually transforming the ethnic mix in the state. Connecticut was an important supplier of military equipment in both World Wars, during the Cold War. Today the state is primarily suburban and middle-class, although there are still some rural areas. In recent years, the Pequot Native Americans (indigenous to the area) have gained official recognition, and the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation is now one of the richest in the country.


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Connecticut Lore: Strange, Off-Kilter, & Full of Surprises

By Zachary Lamothe

Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.
Paperback (160 pages)

Connecticut Lore: Strange, Off-Kilter, & Full of Surprises
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From tales of its haunted history, curious encounters, and forgotten places, Connecticut is full of surprises and worth investigating whether you re a local or an out-of-towner. Visit abandoned Norwich State Hospital and Daniel s Village, hear stories of demonic possessions, and discover the mysteries of Plum Island and the lore of Pirate treasure and witchcraft.

The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time (Classic Reprint)

By William Henry Carpenter

Forgotten Books
Paperback (292 pages)

The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time (Classic Reprint)
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Product Description:
Excerpt from The History of Connecticut: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time

There are but few persons in this country who have not, at some time or other, felt the want of an accurate, well written, concise, yet clear and reliable 'history of their own or some other state.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Connecticut: A History

By David Morris Roth

W. W. Norton & Company
Paperback (264 pages)

Connecticut: A History
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  • ISBN13: 9780393331745
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Connecticut today continues to combine conservatism and inventiveness in a way that makes it different from other places. The people of Connecticut take pride in that, even as they struggle to balance the demands of change with old traditions and steady habits.

By American standards, Connecticut is a very old place. The descendants of many of its original Puritan settlers still live here, and in their names--Hale, Baldwin, Trumbull, Bulkeley--the spirit of Thomas Hooker still seems to cast a shadow. From its beginnings, caution and conservatism have shaped the Connecticut character and have made its nickname, "The Land of Steady Habits," truly descriptive of life here.

Yet not everyone in Connecticut shares either that ancestry or that disposition. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, people of decidedly different backgrounds and outlooks joined the scions of old Puritans and Yankees to enrich--and to complicate--the state's history. Though endowed by nature and the shapers of boundaries with few resources and little space, the people of Connecticut from colonial times to the present have distinguished themselves as enthusiastic and talented purveyors to the rest of the nation of a vast array of goods and services. In the process, they have secured for themselves a degree of economic eminence shared by few other places, and they have proven that there is substance in the old idea of "Yankee inventiveness."

Stories in Stone: How Geology Influenced Connecticut History and Culture (Garnet Books)

By Jelle Zeilinga de Boer

Brand: Wesleyan
Hardcover (176 pages)

Stories in Stone: How Geology Influenced Connecticut History and Culture (Garnet Books)
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In a series of entertaining essays, geoscientist Jelle Zeilinga de Boer describes how early settlers discovered and exploited Connecticut’s natural resources. Their successes as well as failures form the very basis of the state’s history: Chatham’s gold played a role in the acquisition of its Charter, and Middletown’s lead helped the colony gain its freedom during the Revolution. Fertile soils in the Central Valley fueled the state’s development into an agricultural power house, and iron ores discovered in the western highlands helped trigger its manufacturing eminence. The Statue of Liberty, a quintessential symbol of America, rests on Connecticut’s Stony Creek granite. Geology not only shaped the state’s physical landscape, but also provided an economic base and played a cultural role by inspiring folklore, paintings, and poems. Illuminated by 50 illustrations and 12 color plates, Stories in Stone describes the marvel of Connecticut’s geologic diversity and also recounts the impact of past climates, earthquakes, and meteorites on the lives of the people who made Connecticut their home.

Hidden History of Connecticut

By Wilson Faude

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2010-11-26
Paperback (128 pages)

Hidden History of Connecticut
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Connecticut's history is full of engaging and fascinating stories, rocks that are national monuments, the "people's sculptor," football players on chapel finials, moons on the Travelers calendars, artists Frederic Church and Eric Sloane and even a Thanksgiving Day touch football game with a future president. These are tales from Greenwich to Enfield, from Sharon to Old Lyme and so much in between. Follow along with historian Wilson Faude in this "must-have" Connecticut book as he traverses the state in search of hidden history.

Connecticut Rock 'n' Roll: A History

By Tony Renzoni

The History Press
Released: 2017-08-07
Paperback (192 pages)

Connecticut Rock  n  Roll: A History
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Long neglected in the annals of American music, the Nutmeg State's influence on the history of rock'n'roll deserves recognition. Connecticut's musical highlights include the beautiful harmonies of New Haven's Five Satins, Gene Pitney's rise to fame, Stamford's the Fifth Estate and notable rockers such as Thurston Moore of Sonic Youth, Rivers Cuomo of Weezer and Saturday Night Live Band's Christine Ohlman. Rock Hall of Famers include Tina Weymouth and Chris Frantz of the Talking Heads and Dennis Dunaway of the Alice Cooper Band. Some events became legend, like Jimi Hendrix's spellbinding performance at Yale's Woolsey Hall, Jim Morrison's onstage arrest at the New Haven Arena and teenage Bob Dylan's appearance at Branford's Indian Neck Folk Festival. With in-depth interviews as well as rare, never-before-seen photos, author Tony Renzoni leads a sonic trip that captures the spirit and zenith of the local scene.

From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690-1765 (Center for the Study of the History of Liberty in America)

By Richard L. Bushman

Brand: Harvard University Press
Paperback (352 pages)

From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690-1765 (Center for the Study of the History of Liberty in America)
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The years from 1690 to 1765 in America have usually been considered a waiting period before the Revolution. Mr. Bushman, in his penetrating study of colonial Connecticut, takes another view. He shows how, during these years, economic ambition and religious ferment profoundly altered the structure of Puritan society, enlarging the bounds of liberty and inspiring resistance to established authority.

This is an investigation of the strains that accompanied the growth of liberty in an authoritarian society. Mr. Bushman traces the deterioration of Puritan social institutions and the consequences for human character. He does this by focusing on day-to-day life in Connecticut--on the farms, in the churches, and in the town meetings. Controversies within the towns over property, money, and church discipline shook the "land of steady habits," and the mounting frustration of common needs compelled those in authority, in contradiction to Puritan assumptions, to become more responsive to popular demands.

In the Puritan setting these tensions were inevitably given a moral significance. Integrating social and economic interpretations, Mr. Bushman explains the Great Awakening of the 1740's as an outgrowth of the stresses placed on the Puritan character. Men, plagued with guilt for pursuing their economic ambitions and resisting their rulers, became highly susceptible to revival preaching.

The Awakening gave men a new vision of the good society. The party of the converted, the "New Lights," which also absorbed people with economic discontents, put unprecedented demands on civil and ecclesiastical authorities. The resulting dissension moved Connecticut, almost unawares, toward republican attitudes and practices. Disturbed by the turmoil, many observers were, by 1765, groping toward a new theory of social order that would reconcile traditional values with their eighteenth-century experiences.

Vividly written, full of illustrative detail, the manuscript of this book has been called by Oscar Handlin one of the most important works of American history in recent years.

A History of Mystic, Connecticut: From Pequot Village to Tourist Town (Brief History)

By Leigh Fought

Brand: The History Press
Released: 2007-12-07
Paperback (160 pages)

A History of Mystic, Connecticut: From Pequot Village to Tourist Town (Brief History)
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Tucked away in a natural port, Mystic has long been home to seagoing adventure. In A History of Mystic, Connecticut, author and former Mystic Seaport librarian Leigh Fought relates the compelling story of this picturesque coastal community. Forged from the brutal Pequot War, for years Mystic was a quiet little farming village. Then came the War of 1812. Mystic's upstart venture capitalists seized on the war's dislocations to transform the settlement into a shipbuilding powerhouse. The shipyards launched vessels by the hundreds and an industry was born. The Civil War, steam-powered ships and the decline of commercial whaling halted Mystic's shipbuilding boom. Yet the town recovered, transforming itself into the charming nautical-themed tourist destination that has enchanted millions. Read Fought's comprehensive narrative to discover Mystic's role in New England's thrilling maritime saga.

Genealogical Notes, or Contributions to the Family History of Some of the First Settlers of Connecticut and Massachusetts (Classic Reprint)

By Nathaniel Goodwin

Forgotten Books
Paperback (388 pages)

Genealogical Notes, or Contributions to the Family History of Some of the First Settlers of Connecticut and Massachusetts (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from Genealogical Notes, or Contributions to the Family History of Some of the First Settlers of Connecticut and Massachusetts

It is difficult for one man to enter' into the labors of another in matters of this kind, and to harmonize memo randa differing sometimes in date and substance with regard to the same facts, particularly when the original sources whence the information was gathered are not indi cated. Probably many of the blanks in the following genealogies would have been filled out, had Mr. Goodwin lived to finish the work himself, but no pains have been spared, to supply missing dates from the large mass of manuscript notes left by my uncle, and to add some from other reliable sources.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Connecticut Wildlife: Biodiversity, Natural History and Conservation

By Geoffrey A. Hammerson

UPNE
Paperback (488 pages)

Connecticut Wildlife: Biodiversity, Natural History and Conservation
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Connecticut Wildlife is the lavishly illustrated, exhaustive overview of the ecosystems of Connecticut, its plants and animals, and the ecological links among the state s wildlife and their habitats from butterflies to red foxes, jellyfish to double-crested cormorants, poison ivy to phytoplankton. It carefully traces Connecticut s daily, seasonal, annual, and long-term cycles, which range from the dynamics of natural communities to patterns of reproduction and behavior in major groups of organisms. Whether looking at individual species or broad ecosystems, Geoffrey A. Hammerson s conservationist perspective shines in Connecticut Wildlife. The book will become an essential part of the libraries of every naturalist, conservationist, and educator in Connecticut and the Northeast."


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