Arkansas History - the history of Arkansas
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Arkansas   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Arkansas History

   
 

Arkansas History


Prior to the westward movement of Native American people, Arkansas was inhabited by Quapaw, Caddo, and Osage Nations.

The first European to reach the region was the Spaniard, Hernando de Soto, at the end of the 16th Century. Early Spanish and French explorers gave the state its name which is probably a phonetic spelling for the French or Catalan word for "downriver people" - a reference to the Quapaw Native Americans.

Arkansas was part of the area acquired by the United States in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France. Prior to statehood, the region was known as the "Arkansaw Territory". In this territorial period, the five "civilized" tribes, namely the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Cherokee, and Seminole, inhabited Arkansas.

Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15th 1836 as the 25th state. Arkansas was a slave state, but initially refused to join the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, although it did join later, and was the scene of several battles.

During the Civil Rights struggle, Arkansas was the site of a famous confrontation between the federal government and local whites, who were resisting the desegregation of Central High School in the state capital, Little Rock. During this period, President Eisenhower famously sent troops to escort nine African-American students who were trying to enroll in the school.

Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States (President from 1993 to 2001), was born in Hope, Arkansas, and served as Governor of the state (50th and 52nd Governor of Arkansas) for almost 12 years prior to being elected President.


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Arkansas: A Narrative History

By Jeannie M. Whayne & George Sabo

University of Arkansas Press
Hardcover (600 pages)

Arkansas: A Narrative History
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  • University of Arkansas Press
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Arkansas: A Narrative History is a comprehensive history of the state that has been invaluable to students and the general public since its original publication. Four distinguished scholars cover prehistoric Arkansas, the colonial period, and the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and incorporate the newest historiography to bring the book up to date for 2012. A new chapter on Arkansas geography, new material on the civil rights movement and the struggle over integration, and an examination of the state's transition from a colonial economic model to participation in the global political economy are included. Maps are also dramatically enhanced, and supplemental teaching materials are available.

An Arkansas History for Young People, Fourth Edition

By Shay E. Hopper & Jane Browning

Brand: University of Arkansas Press
Hardcover (525 pages)

An Arkansas History for Young People, Fourth Edition
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Adopted by the State of Arkansas for 2008 Once again, the State of Arkansas has adopted An Arkansas History for Young People as an official textbook for middle-level and/or junior-high-school Arkansas-history classes. This fourth edition incorporates new research done after extensive consultations with middle-level and junior-high teachers from across the state, curriculum coordinators, literacy coaches, university professors, and students themselves. It includes a multitude of new features and is now full color throughout. This edition has been completely redesigned and now features a modern format and new graphics suitable for many levels of student readers. The completely revised fourth edition includes new unit, chapter, and section divisions as well as five brand-new chapters: an introductory chapter with information on the symbols, flag, and songs of Arkansas; chapter 2, which covers the geography of Arkansas; chapter 3, on state and local government; chapter four, on economics and tourism; and a “modern” chapter on the Arkansas of today and the future, which completes the learning adventure. This edition also has two “special features”: one on the Central High School crisis of 1957 and another on the William J. Clinton Presidential Library. It also has new and interesting features for students like the “Guide to Reading” (at the beginning of each chapter, there is a list of important terms, people, places and events for the student to keep in mind as he or she reads [corresponding to blue vocabulary words in the text, which are define in the margin]), “County Quest,” “I Am an Arkansan,” “Did You Know?” “Only in Arkansas,” “A Day in the Life,” “Chapter Reflection” questions and activities, over forty-five new content maps, and a comprehensive new map atlas.

Arkansas History: A Journey through Time: The Growth of the Twenty-Fifth State of the Union from 1833 to 1957

By Arlen Jones

iUniverse
Released: 2015-10-23
Paperback (222 pages)

Arkansas History: A Journey through Time: The Growth of the Twenty-Fifth State of the Union from 1833 to 1957
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Arkansas History: A Journey through Time-The Growth of the Twenty-Fifth State of the Union from 1833 to 1957 places in the hands of students and teachers a curated compilation of excerpts from original sources that tell the story of Arkansas from the founding efforts of the first advocates for the state's formation in 1833 through the confrontation at the Little Rock Central High School in 1957 that brought international attention to the American civil rights movement.

The author, Arlen Jones, brings decades of experience both as classroom teacher and educational administrator to his work to assemble and interpret the sources contained in Arkansas History: A Journey through Time. By writing with one eye focused on the state's educational standards, he has produced a book that tells the story of the state's history and that meets the needs of contemporary classes. To help the book serve as a valuable classroom resource, the back of the book contains lesson plans, worksheets, notes about Common Care standards, and a bibliography.

Arkansas History: A Journey through Time helps history come to life by giving voice to the people whose actions entwined to make the history of Arkansas. If you are a student or a teacher who desires to learn more about the twenty-fifth state's history, then this work will meet your needs.

The History of Arkansas: A Text-Book for Public Schools, High Schools, and Academies (Classic Reprint)

By Josiah H. Shinn

Forgotten Books
Paperback (344 pages)

The History of Arkansas: A Text-Book for Public Schools, High Schools, and Academies (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from The History of Arkansas: A Text-Book for Public Schools, High Schools, and Academies

The author has endeavored to be fair and impartial in the treatment of all political questions, and to pre sent every feature of our state growth with accuracy, clearness, and force.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The History of Arkansas: A Text-Book for Public Schools, High Schools and Academies

By Josiah Hazen Shinn

Andesite Press
Paperback (346 pages)

The History of Arkansas: A Text-Book for Public Schools, High Schools and Academies
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.

As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Arkansas: A NARRATIVE HISTORY

By WHAYNE JEANNIE

University of Arkansas Press
Hardcover (447 pages)

Arkansas: A NARRATIVE HISTORY
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Four distinguished scholars, each focusing on a particular era, track the tensions, negotiations, and interactions among the different groups of people who have counted Arkansas as home. George Sabo III discusses Native American prehistory and the shocks of climate change and European arrival. He explores how surviving native groups carried forward economic and docial institutions, which in turn proved crucial to early colonists. Morris S. Arnold examines the native communities and the roles of minority groups and women in the development of law, government, and religion; the production of goods; and market economies. Jeannie M. Whayne shows how these multicultural relationships unfolded during hte subsequent era of American settlement. But mutuality ended when white settlers transplanted plantation agriculture and slavery to formerly native lands. Thomas DeBlack shows that the plantation society, while prosperous, also brought the state into the Civil War. He analyzes banking fiascoes, the state's reputation for violence, the mixed blessings of statehood, and the war itself. Whayne returns to discuss different groups' access to the political process; prostwar economic issues, including women's work; and the interrelated problems of industrialization, education, and race relations. The Civil Rights Acts of the 1960s, transformed political and social landscapes, but vestiges of the old attitudes and prejudices remain in place.

Negro Slavery in Arkansas (Arkansas Classics)

By Orville Taylor

Brand: University of Arkansas Press
Paperback (332 pages)

Negro Slavery in Arkansas (Arkansas Classics)
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Long out of print and found only in rare-book stores, it is now available to a contemporary audience with this new paperback edition.

When slavery was abolished by the Emancipation Proclamation, there were slaves in every county of the state, and almost half the population was directly involved in slavery as either a slave, a slaveowner, or a member of an owner’s family. Orville Taylor traces the growth of slavery from John Law’s colony in the early eighteenth century through the French and Spanish colonial period, territorial and statehood days, to the beginning of the Civil War. He describes the various facets of the institution, including the slave trade, work and overseers, health and medical treatment, food, clothing, housing, marriage, discipline, and free blacks and manumission.

While drawing on unpublished material as appropriate, the book is, to a great extent, based on original, often previously unpublished, sources. Valuable to libraries, historians in several areas of concentration, and the general reader, it gives due recognition to the signficant place slavery occupied in the life and economy of antebellum Arkansas.

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924: Politics, Land, Labor, and Criminality (New Studies in Southern History)

By Guy Lancaster

Lexington Books
Paperback (186 pages)

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924: Politics, Land, Labor, and Criminality (New Studies in Southern History)
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Even before the end of Reconstruction in Arkansas, the state already possessed a long-standing reputation for violence, including lynchings, duels, and feuds. However, the years following Reconstruction witnessed the creation of new forms of mob violence. All across the state, gangs of whites sought to drive African Americans from their homes, their jobs, and their positions of authority, creating communities shamelessly advertised as “100% white.” This happened not only in the highland regions, the Ozarks and the Ouachitas, where the expulsion of African Americans created so-called “sundown towns,” but it also occurred in the low-lying Delta lands of eastern Arkansas, where cotton was king and where masked mobs of landless “whitecappers” and “nightriders” regularly dealt terror and murder to black sharecroppers.

Racial Cleansing in Arkansas, 1883–1924: Politics, Land, Labor, and Criminality by Guy Lancaster is the first book to examine the phenomenon of racial cleansing within the context of one particular state, illustrating how violence relates to geography and economic development. Lancaster analyzes the wholesale expulsion of African Americans and the emergence of “sundown towns” together with a survey of more limited deportations, including those with blatant political goals as well as vigilante violence. The book has broader implications not only for the study of Southern and American history but also for a deeper understanding of ethnic and racial conflict, local politics, and labor history

Civil War!: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle Northeast Arkansas 1861-1874

By Freeman K. Mobley

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (330 pages)

Civil War!: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle Northeast Arkansas 1861-1874
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From the beginning of the Civil War until its conclusion, Arkansas served as a major cornerstone for many operations of both Confederacy and Union forces along the Mississippi River. Raids, offensives, and guerrilla warfare played a major role in the formation of Northeastern Arkansas. What is unknown to many, the Civil War did not officially end until 1874, when President Ulysses Grant interceded after the last engagements were fought in Arkansas by over 4,000 soldiers resulting in the deaths of over two hundred men, the majority of whom were Negro militia. Rich in detail, thoroughly researched, and full of firsthand accounts, award-winning Civil War! A Missing Piece of the Puzzle is the definitive analysis of the role played by Northeast Arkansas in the most devastating conflict in the history of the United States. The culmination of over sixty years of research and interviews, Freeman Mobley’s breathtaking look at Arkansas’ pivotal role in American history is nothing short of astonishing.

With Fire and Sword: Arkansas, 1861-1874 (Histories of Arkansas)

By Thomas A. Deblack

Brand: University of Arkansas Press
Paperback (256 pages)

With Fire and Sword: Arkansas, 1861-1874 (Histories of Arkansas)
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When Arkansas seceded from the Union in 1861, it was a thriving state. But the Civil War and Reconstruction left it reeling, impoverished, and so deeply divided that it never regained the level of prosperity it had previously enjoyed. Although most of the major battles of the war occurred elsewhere, Arkansas was critical to the Confederate war effort in the vast Trans-Mississippi region, and Arkansas soldiers served―some for the Union and more for the Confederacy―in every major theater of the war. And the war within the state was devastating. Union troops occupied various areas, citizens suffered greatly from the war's economic disruption, and guerilla conflict and factional tensions left a bitter legacy. Reconstruction was in many ways a continuation of the war as the prewar elite fought to regain economic and political power. In this, the fourth volume in the Histories of Arkansas series, Thomas DeBlack not only describes the major players and events in this dramatic and painful story, but also explores the experiences of ordinary people. Although the historical evidence is complex―and much of the secondary literature is extraordinarily partisan―DeBlack offers a balanced, vivid overview of the state's most tumultuous period.


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