Arizona History - the history of Arizona
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Arizona   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Arizona History

   
 

Arizona History


The first Native American inhabitants of Arizona arrived between 16,000 BC and 10,000 BC. By 1,000 BC, these people were living a settle agricultural life, farming, particularly of maize. During the 1st millennium CE, at least three major cultures, all well-known for their architecture and pottery, the Anasazi, the Hohokam, and the Mogollon, were living in the area.

The first European to reach Arizona was Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan monk, in 1539. Additionally, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado's expedition of 1540-1542, crossed the area during their search for the mythical city of Cibola.

Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino developed a chain of missions, and taught the native Christianity, in the 1690s and early 1700s. Spanish colonization continued in the 18th century, with the establishment of fortified towns at Tubac and Tucson in 1752 and 1775 respectively.

When Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, the area become part of Mexico. The United States took possession of most of Arizona (as well as other areas) following the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. The U.S. acquired some additional land, South of the Gila River, in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. Initially, Arizona was part of the Territory of New Mexico, but it became a separate territory on February 24th 1863.

During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), southern parts of the territory were aligned with Confederate States of America. The Confederates had the goal of reaching the Pacific Ocean and expanding their control into southern California, however this goal was effectively thwarted at the Battle of Picacho Pass, which was the western-most battle fought in the Civil War.

In the 1900s, Arizona almost entered the Union as part of New Mexico in a Republican plan to maintain control of the Senate, however the white population of Arizona was against being part of New Mexico whose population was mostly Hispanic. Arizona was finally admitted to the Union on February 14th 1912.

With the exception of a period during the Great Depression, Arizona has generally prospered since achieving statehood, and has experienced several boom periods. In recent years, the state has become an increasingly popular tourist and retirement destination, in large part due to its warm climate.


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Arizona: A History, Revised Edition (Southwest Center Series)

By Thomas E. Sheridan

imusti
Paperback (504 pages)

Arizona: A History, Revised Edition (Southwest Center Series)
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  • University of Arizona Press
Product Description:

Hailed as a model state history thanks to Thomas E. Sheridan's thoughtful analysis and lively interpretation of the people and events shaping the Grand Canyon State, Arizona has become a standard in the field. Now, just in time for Arizona's centennial, Sheridan has revised and expanded this already top-tier state history to incorporate events and changes that have taken place in recent years. Addressing contemporary issues like land use, water rights, dramatic population increases, suburban sprawl, and the US-Mexico border, the new material makes the book more essential than ever. It successfully places the forty-eighth state's history within the context of national and global events. No other book on Arizona history is as integrative or comprehensive.

From stone spear points more than 10,000 years old to the boom and bust of the housing market in the first decade of this century, Arizona: A History explores the ways in which Native Americans, Hispanics, African Americans, Asians, and Anglos have inhabited and exploited Arizona. Sheridan, a life-long resident of the state, puts forth new ideas about what a history should be, embracing a holistic view of the region and shattering the artificial line between prehistory and history. Other works on Arizona's history focus on government, business, or natural resources, but this is the only book to meld the ethnic and cultural complexities of the state's history into the main flow of the story.

A must read for anyone interested in Arizona's past or present, this extensive revision of the classic work will appeal to students, scholars, and general readers alike.

Roadside History of Arizona (Roadside History Series)

By Marshall Trimble

Mountain Press
Released: 2004-01-01
Paperback (489 pages)

Roadside History of Arizona (Roadside History Series)
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Join Marshall Trimble, state historian, storyteller, and native son, on the highways and back roads of Arizona, where a Grand Canyon's worth of facts and stories add up to a portrait of a state. Along the way meet Fathers Eusebio Kino and Francisco Garcés, Ned Beale and his camels, Nellie Bush and her steamboats, "Great Western" Sara Bowman, and the Navajo code talkers. Find out why Why's called Why; where Arizona's Civil War battlefields are; what happens at the Zuni River Reservation, where no Zuni live; and much, much more. Visitors, newcomers, and long-time residents alike will enjoy this travel and history classic, now revised and updated.

Arizona Outlaws and Lawmen: Gunslingers, Bandits, Heroes and Peacekeepers (True Crime)

By Marshall Trimble

Arcadia Publishing
Released: 2015-04-13
Paperback (144 pages)

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A refuge for outlaws at the close of the 1800s, the Arizona Territory was a wild, lawless land of greedy feuds, brutal killings and figures of enduring legend. These gunfighters included heroes as well as killers, and some were considered both. Bandit Pearl Hart committed one of the last recorded stagecoach robberies in the country, and James Addison Reavis pulled off the most extraordinary real estate scheme in the West. With fearless lawmen like C.P. Owens and George Ruffner at hand, swift justice was always nearby. In this collection, Arizona’s official state historian and celebrated storyteller Marshall Trimble brings to life the rough-and-tumble characters from the Grand Canyon State’s most terrific tales of outlawry and justice.

Arizona: A History

By Thomas E. Sheridan

Brand: The University of Arizona Press
Paperback (434 pages)

Arizona: A History
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Thomas E. Sheridan has spent a lifetime in Arizona, "living off it and seeking refuge from it." He knows firsthand its canyons, forests, and deserts; he has seen its cities exploding with new growth; and, like many other people, he sometimes fears for its future.

In this book, Sheridan sets forth new ideas about what a history should be. Arizona: A History explores the ways in which Native Americans, Hispanics, and Anglos have inhabited and exploited Arizona from the pursuit of the Naco mammoth 11,000 years ago to the financial adventurism of Charles Keating and others today. It also examines how perceptions of Arizona have changed, creating new constituencies of tourists, environmentalists, and outside business interests to challenge the dominance of ranchers, mining companies, and farmers who used to control the state. Sheridan emphasizes the crucial role of the federal government in Arizona's development throughout the book.

As Sheridan writes about the past, his eyes are on the inevitable change and compromise of the present and future. He balances the gains and losses as global forces interact more and more with local cultural and environmental factors.

THE ARIZONA STORY: A Geography and History of the Grand Canyon State

By Dr. Lew Deitch

Independently published
Paperback (237 pages)

THE ARIZONA STORY: A Geography and History of the Grand Canyon State
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Arizona calls to mind vast deserts dominated over by tall cacti or the vast depths of that massive chasm called the Grand Canyon. To many the name Arizona calls to mind stories of marauding native people, rip roaring mining towns, gunfights in the streets or lonesome cowboys on the open range. But today's reality is one of major cities, magnificent resorts with their verdant golf courses and high tech industries. But Arizona is still a land of breathtaking scenery, traditional Native American cultures, mining towns and vast ranches. This is a land of paradoxes. It is a new state as far as American history, but one of the oldest settled regions relative to Native American history. This is a state with a romantic image that has a magnetic appeal. There is an old saying, "Once you have sand in your boots, you will never get rid of it. And that's the magic of Arizona. This illustrated book introduces you to the varied landscapes of Arizona, its unique geology and geography. Then it walks you through over 2,000 years of history. And finally it takes you on a tour of each of the major regions that combine to produce this one of a kind state. THIS IS NOT A TOUR BOOK. There are no hotel or restaurant recommendations. Those books are easy to find. This is a book that makes Arizona come alive and gives you information the tour books either ignore or skip over briefly. Come and visit Arizona through the pages of this book and then hopefully plan your next vacation in the Grand Canyon State.

It Happened in Arizona: Remarkable Events That Shaped History (It Happened in the West)

By James Crutchfield

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Paperback (176 pages)

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It Happened in Arizona features thirty-six episodes from Arizona’s history—from the thirteenth-century creation of the Hohokam’s irrigation canals to the building of the Hoover Dam, and from
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chapters, a locator map, an updated design, and new/updated facts and figures.

Arizona : The History of a Frontier State

By Rufus Kay Wyllys

Hobson & Herr
Hardcover (408 pages)

Arizona : The History of a Frontier State
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Northern Arizona University: Buildings as History

By Lee C. Drickamer

University of Arizona Press
Hardcover (352 pages)

Northern Arizona University: Buildings as History
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Any university is composed of faculty, students, and staff. But these living components change over time and in varying degrees, while the campus buildings are more permanent, remaining for decades, a century, or longer.

This book looks at the buildings that have graced the campus of Northern Arizona University from its opening in 1898 to the present. The school began with a single building, Old Main, and it was joined by five other structures prior to World War I. In the following decades the campus remained relatively small, expanding to approximately twenty-five structures by the late 1950s. During the tenure of President J. Lawrence Walkup (1957–1979), the university effectively doubled in size, spreading southward and adding more than forty buildings, including an entire south campus academic center. Since 1979 the campus has witnessed the addition of more than thirty structures, most as infill within the existing campus layout.

Arranged chronologically, this extensively illustrated volume briefly describes the history of every building that has been a part of the university’s physical layout. The authors describe various structural aspects of each building and provide entertaining and informative anecdotes about events and people associated with the structures. By combing the university’s archives, Drickamer and Runge have turned up photographs of each building as it looked shortly after construction and at present, providing a fascinating visual time lapse.

With more than two hundred images of campus buildings, many of them never before published, Northern Arizona University: Buildings as History provides a wonderful pictorial chronicle of the campus that will interest architectural historians as well as all those who have called NAU home.

Arizona: A Cavalcade of History, Second Edition

By Marshall Trimble

Brand: Rio Nuevo Publishers
Paperback (368 pages)

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Revised and updated edition: the Grand Canyon state's rich past comes to life in this comprehensive history, written by Arizona's favorite native son, Marshall Trimble.

Arizona: A Cavalcade of History takes readers on an epic journey that includes the Paleo Indians of prehistoric Arizona, the spirited pioneers of the Arizona territory, the politics of pre- and post- Arizona statehood, and everything in between. Trimble writes with an impressive knowledge of his subject and a witty, intelligent, and entertaining style. 80 black-and-white photographs, maps

Arizona: A Panoramic History of a Frontier State

By Marshall Trimble

Doubleday
Hardcover (404 pages)

Arizona: A Panoramic History of a Frontier State
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A great story of the history of Arizona; the last frontier state.


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