American Samoa History - the history of American Samoa
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   American Samoa   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   American Samoa History

   
 

American Samoa History


American Samoa consists of several islands in the eastern portion of the Samoan archipeligo. The Samoan islands were first settled by immigrants from the Lau Islands in Fiji, approximately 3,500 years ago.

Contact with Europeans began in the early 18th century, and by the mid 19th century, Great Britain, Germany, and the United States of America, had all established trading posts and were all claiming parts of the islands. The 1899 Treaty of Berlin divided the Samoan islands between Germany, and the United States of America, and U.S. Navy subsequently established a coaling station at Pago Pago Bay.

During World War I, the German part of the islands, was captured by New Zealand and became a New Zealand protectorate. After World War I, a peaceful independence movement, the Mau movement, emerged in both the New Zealand (Western Samoa) and American parts of the islands, but was unsuccessful.

In World War II, American Samoa was an important military base, and U.S. Marines outnumbered the local population, and left a huge cultural influence.

Subsequent to World II, the U.S. Department of Interior sponsored an attempt to incorporate American Samoa into the United States. This attempt was however defeated in Congress, prinicipally due to the efforts of American Samoan chiefs. The chiefs' efforts eventually led to the creation of local legislature which meets in the village of Fagatogo. Additionally, the Governor of the American Samoa is no longer appointed by the U.S. Navy, but is instead locally elected.

As of today, American Samoa, remains an unorganized unincorporated territory of the United States. Although technically unorganized, American Samoa is self-governing under its constitution which became effective on July 1st 1967.


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History of American Samoa, A

By Amerika Samoa Humanities Council

Bess Press
Hardcover (384 pages)

History of American Samoa, A
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Product Description:
A History of America Samoa is a high school level textbook initiated and completed by the Amerika Samoa Humanities Council. The content detailed in the book ranges from the migration, discovery, and inhabitation of the western Pacific and specifically Samoa, today known as a territory just over a hundred years old. This textbook is written from the perspective of both oral and written accounts of Samoan history. It covers the geographical formation, historical inhabitation, and development of American Samoa through legends, geography, and timelines that help span a time period beginning with the earliest signs of human integration to today's modern setting. This text weaves together the historical account of a little known island with its people spread throughout the globe, through local myth, legend, and authentic biographical information in this comprehensive history of American Samoa.

American Samoa: 100 Years Under the United States Flag

By J. Robert Shaffer

Island Heritage
Hardcover (213 pages)

American Samoa: 100 Years Under the United States Flag
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A richly illustrated history of the Samoan Islands, particularly its relationship with the U.S., published to commemorate its 100th year under the American flag.

Coming of Age in Samoa - A Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for Western Civilization

By Margaret Mead

American Museum of Natural History
Paperback (170 pages)

Coming of Age in Samoa - A Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for Western Civilization
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The author's landmark anthropological work

SAMOA - A Historical Novel

By J. Robert Shaffer

Centennial Books, Inc.
Released: 2013-11-11
Kindle Edition (709 pages)

SAMOA - A Historical Novel
 
Product Description:
SAMOA is an epic saga spanning 3,000 years.
SAMOA is the story of the islands and their people – of Ratu the ancient mariner, leading his people on a voyage of discovery; of Moana, the canoe builder and navigator; of Manu, the keeper of the Sacred Myths, and missionary Evan Surrey, who overcomes the deep-seeded prejudices of the Christian Church to change the course of Samoa’s religious and political history in the mid-nineteenth century.
It is through the eyes of Surrey’s grandson, Mika Sanderson, that the story of Samoa is told. Mika, a historian/anthropologist, chronicles the long and glorious history of this little-known part of the world.
Throughout the 19th century, adventurers, colonialists, murderers and missionaries, the best and worst of Europe and America, sail to Samoa where they find a wise and proud people steeped in ancient culture and beliefs.
Mika documents the rivalries of colonial powers that thrust Samoa’s people into bloody civil war – Theodore Weber, whose one goal is to make Samoa a German colony, and the German-Samoan woman Anna, a Samoan patriot who fights the nation of her father’s birth.
Mika carefully traces the rise of the great Samoan leader Mata’afa, who unites Samoa’s political factions in the war against Germany, leading to the great battle between the German and Samoan armies.
Robert Louis Stevenson, author of “Treasure Island,” finds Samoa to be his own treasured land. Stevenson adopts Samoa and finds true contentment for the first time in his life.
The dawning of the 20th century finds Samoa reeling under the great flu epidemic of 1918. Following World War I, Samoans again find themselves under the stifling colonial administration of New Zealand, giving rise to two Samoan patriots, Olaf Nelson and Tupua Tamasese.
World War II finds the United States Marines in American Samoa, where young Marine lieutenant Daniel LaMont falls in love with a village princess. Following the war, winds of change sweep across the Pacific. In the mid-1960s, young Manu, a direct descendant of Manu of the Sacred Myths, joins the U.S. Marines and finds himself on the battlefields of Vietnam.

The Pacific Insular Case of American Sāmoa: Land Rights and Law in Unincorporated US Territories

By Line-Noue Memea Kruse

Palgrave Macmillan
Hardcover (211 pages)

The Pacific Insular Case of American Sāmoa: Land Rights and Law in Unincorporated US Territories
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This book is a researched study of land issues in American Sāmoa that analyzes the impact of U.S. colonialism and empire building in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Carefully tracing changes in land laws up to the present, this volume also draws on a careful examination of legal traditions, administrative decisions, court cases and rising tensions between indigenous customary land tenure practices in American Sāmoa and Western notions of individual private ownership. It also highlights how unusual the status of American Sāmoa is in its relationship with the U.S., namely as the only “unincorporated” and “unorganized” overseas territory, and aims to expand the U.S. empire-building scholarship to include and recognize American Sāmoa into the vernacular of Americanization projects.

Samoa History, Culture and tourism: People of Samoa, Life and Custom, Language, Discovering Samoa and Settlement, American Samoa and Culture

By Leo Abbott

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (160 pages)

Samoa History, Culture and tourism: People of Samoa, Life and Custom, Language, Discovering Samoa and Settlement, American Samoa and Culture
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History of Samoa, Settlement of Samoans, Culture and tradition, Introduction to the history of Samoa: The following discussion focuses on Samoa since European contact. For additional treatment in a regional context, see Pacific Islands, history of. Early period Polynesians traveling in outrigger canoes arrived in the Samoan archipelago about 1000 bc, as indicated by Lapita pottery shards found in Mulifanua Lagoon on Upolu. Characteristics of the Samoan language indicate that the settlers probably came from Tonga. Local pottery manufacturing ceased by about ad 200, by which time Samoa had become central too much of the settlement of eastern Polynesia. Find out more in the book “Samos History, Culture and Tourism”

Amerika Samoa - History Of American Samoa And Its United States Naval Administration

By Captain J. A. C. Gray

U. S. Naval Institute
Hardcover (302 pages)

Amerika Samoa - History Of American Samoa And Its United States Naval Administration
 

The Insular Cases and the Emergence of American Empire (Landmark Law Cases and American Society)

By Bartholomew H. Sparrow

Brand: University Press of Kansas
Paperback (312 pages)

The Insular Cases and the Emergence of American Empire (Landmark Law Cases and American Society)
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When the United States took control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam following the Spanish-American War, it was unclear to what degree these islands were actually part of the U.S. and, in particular, whether the Constitution applied fully, or even in part, to their citizens. By looking closely at what became known as the Insular Cases, Bartholomew Sparrow reveals how America resolved to govern these territories.

Sparrow follows the Insular Cases from the controversial Downes v. Bidwell in 1901, which concerned tariffs on oranges shipped to New York from Puerto Rico and which introduced the distinction between incorporated and unincorporated territories, to Balzac v. Puerto Rico in 1922, in which the Court decided that Puerto Ricans, although officially U.S. citizens, could be denied trial by jury because Puerto Rico was "unincorporated." There were 35 Insular Cases in all, cases stretching across two decades, cases in which the Court ruled on matters as diverse as tariffs, double jeopardy, and the very meaning of U.S. citizenship as it applied to the inhabitants of the offshore territories. Through such decisions, as Sparrow shows, the Court treated the constitutional status of territorial inhabitants with great variability and decided that the persons of some territories were less equal than those of other territories.

Sparrow traces the fitful evolution of the Court's Incorporation Doctrine in the determination of which constitutional provisions applied to the new territories and its citizens. Providing a new look at the history and politics of U.S. expansion at the turn of the twentieth century, Sparrow's book also examines the effect the Court's decisions had on the creation of an American empire. It highlights crucial features surrounding the cases—the influence of racism on the justices, the need for naval stations to protect new international trade, and dramatic changes in tariff policy. It also tells how the Court sanctioned the emergence of two kinds of American empire: formal territories whose inhabitants could be U.S. citizens but still be denied full political rights, and an informal empire based on trade, cooperative foreign governments, and U.S. military bases rather than on territorial acquisitions.

The Insular Cases and the Emergence of American Empire reveals how the United States handled its first major episode of globalization and how the Supreme Court in these cases, crucially redirected the course of American history.

The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power

By Max Boot

Basic Books
Released: 2014-03-11
Paperback (496 pages)

The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power
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"Anyone who wants to understand why America has permanently entered a new era in international relations must read [this book].... Vividly written and thoroughly researched." --Los Angeles Times

America's "small wars," "imperial war," or, as the Pentagon now terms them, "low-intensity conflicts," have played an essential but little-appreciated role in its growth as a world power. Beginning with Jefferson's expedition against the Barbary pirates, Max Boot tells the exciting stories of our sometimes minor but often bloody landings in Samoa, the Philippines, China, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Mexico, Russia, and elsewhere. Along the way he sketches colorful portraits of little-known military heroes such as Stephen Decatur, "Fighting Fred" Funston, and Smedly Butler.

This revised and updated edition of Boot's compellingly readable history of the forgotten wars that helped promote America's rise in the lst two centuries includes a wealth of new material, including a chapter on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and a new afterword on the lessons of the post-9/11 world.

Whispers and Vanities: Samoan Indigenous Knowledge and Religion

By Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Ta’isi Tupuola Tufuga Efi, Vitolia Mo’a & Tamasailau M. Suaalii-Sauni

Huia Publishers
Released: 2014-11-01
Kindle Edition (350 pages)

Whispers and Vanities: Samoan Indigenous Knowledge and Religion
 
Product Description:
This collection of essays and selected poetry responds to an address on Samoan religious culture given by Samoa’s Head of State, His Highness Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Ta’isi Tupuola Tufuga Efi, to the 2009 Parliament of the World’s Religions. The address challenges some fundamental aspects of and assumptions in modern Samoan indigenous religious culture. The essays and poetry form a carefully woven critique, from within and outside Samoa, of aspects of Samoa’s religious and cultural values.


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