Alabama Facts - facts about Alabama
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Alabama   >   General Information


Alabama Information

Here is some general information about Alabama:

Book about US States & Territories
State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols State Names, Seals, Flags and Symbols: A Historical Guide

This guide contains information about the symbols, mottoes, flowers, trees, birds, songs, and even license plates for each of the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and the five U.S. territories.

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Offical Name State of Alabama
Nicknames Cotton State, Yellowhammer State, Heart of Dixie
Abbreviations AL, US-AL
Origin of Name "Tribal Town" in Creek Indian language

Official Language English
Admission to Union 14 December 1819
Time Zone Central
Official Web Site

Capital Montgomery
Largest City Birmingham
Population 4,447,100 (as of 2000 census)
Economy Agriculture: poultry and eggs, cattle, plant nursery items, peanuts, cotton, corn and sorghum, vegetables, milk, soybeans, peaches

Industry: iron and steel products, paper, lumber, wood products, mining (mostly coal), plastic product, cars and trucks, apparel, aerospace, electronic products

Area 52,419 square miles (135,765 km2)
Major Rivers Alabama River, Chattahoochee River, Tennessee River, Tombigbee River
Major Lakes Lewis Smith Lake, Martin Lake, West Point Lake, Wilson Lake, Guntersville Lake
Highest Point Mount Cheaha - 2,408 feet (734 meters)
Bordering States Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Florida
Bordering Country None
Bordering Body of Water Gulf of Mexico

Flag Alabama Flag
Motto "Audemus jura nostra defendere" - We dare defend our rights
Song Alabama
Creed Alabama's Creed
Championship Horse Show
Renaissance Faire Florence Renaissance Faire
Barbecue Championship Demopolis Christmas on the River Cook-off
Horseshoe Tournament Stockton Fall Horseshoe Tournament
Agricultural Museum Dothan Landmarks Park
Bird Yellowhammer
Game Bird Wild Turkey
Horse Racking Horse
Insect Monarch Butterfly
Mascot & Butterfly Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Saltwater Fish (Fighting) Tarpon
Freshwater Fish Largemouth Bass
Amphibian Red Hills Salamander
Reptile Alabama Red-bellied Turtle
Shell Scaphella Junonia Johnstoneae
Fossil Basilosaurus Cetoides
Flower Camellia
Wildflower Oak-leaf Hydrangea
Fruit Blackberry
Tree South Longleaf Pine
Tree Fruit Peach
Nut Pecan
Spirit Conecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskey
Rock Marble
Gemstone Star Blue Quartz
Mineral Hematite (Red Iron Ore)
Soil Bama Soil Series
Dance Square Dance
Historic Theatre AL Theatre for the Performing Arts
Outdoor Drama William Gibson's The Miracle Worker
Outdoor Music Drama The Incident at Looney's Tavern
Quilt Pine Burr Quilt

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