Alabama History - the history of Alabama
   
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Vacation 2 USA   >   Alabama   >   History
Vacation 2 USA   >   History   >   Alabama History

   
 

Alabama History


Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the area that is today Alabama was inhabited various Native American peoples including the Alibamu, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati and Mobile.

The first European settlement in Alabama, was established by the French at Mobile in 1702. As a result, southern Alabama was French from 1702 to 1763. This region subsequently became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1780, and later Spanish West Florida from 1780 to 1814.

The northern parts of Alabama were part of British Georgia from 1763 to 1783. This area became part of the American Mississippi Territory following the American Revolution (1775 to 1783).

In 1819, Alabama, became the 22nd state admitted to the Union. During this part of the 19th century, Alabama, was home to many large cotton plantations, which were worked by slaves. In the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), in an attempt to retain slavery, which it was thought was under threat of abolition, Alabama, seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America.

Alabama's slaves were emanicipated after the defeat of the Confederacy, at the end of the Civil War. Like many other southern states, Alabama went through a difficult period of Reconstruction. The state however remained a poor rural state, with an economy closely tied to cotton, and with legally enforced racial segregation (and consequent high racial tension).

Things gradually began to change in Alabama, as result of the changes wrought by World War II. In particular, the economy was no longer solely focused around cotton, with the emergence of growing industrial and service sectors.

Politically things also began to change in Alabama in the post-war period. The state, especially the cities of Birmingham and Montgomery, became a important and prominent location during the civil rights struggle. Eventually, despite the opposition of the state's Governor, George Wallace, to Federal integration efforts, blacks regained the right to vote, and Jim Crow segregation laws disappeared.


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Alabama: The History of a Deep South State

By William Warren Rogers & Robert David Ward

Brand: University Alabama Press
Paperback (768 pages)

Alabama: The History of a Deep South State
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Once the home of aboriginal inhabitants, Alabama was claimed and occupied by European nations, later to become a permanent part of the United States. A cotton and slave state for more than half of the 19th century, Alabama declared its independence and joined another nation, the Confederate States of America, for its more than four-year history. The state assumed an uneasy and uncertain place in the 19th century’s last 35 years. Its role in the 20th century has been tumultuous but painfully predictable. This comprehensive history, written in the last decade of that century, presents, explains, and interprets the major events that occurred during Alabama’s history within the larger context of the South and the nation.
Alabama: The History of a Deep South State is the first completely new comprehensive account of the state since A.B. Moore’s 1935 work. Divided into three main sections, the first concluding in 1865, the second in 1920, and the third bringing the story to the present, the book’s organization is both chronological and topical.
General readers will welcome this modern history of Alabama, which examines such traditional subjects as politics, military events, economics, and broad social movements. Of equal value are sections devoted to race, Indians, women, and the environment, as well as detailed coverage of health, education, organized labor, civil rights, and the many cultural elements—from literature to sport—that have enriched Alabama’s history. The roles of individual leaders, from politicians to creative artists, are discussed. There is as well strong emphasis on the common people, those Alabamians who have been rightly described as the “bone and sinew” of the state.
Each section of the book was written by a scholar who has devoted much of his or her professional life to the study of that period of Alabama’s past, and although the three sections reflect individual style and interpretation, the authors have collaborated closely on overall themes and organization. The result is an objective look at the colorful, often controversial, state’s past. The work relies both on primary sources and such important secondary sources as monographs, articles, and unpublished theses and dissertations to provide fresh insights, new approaches, and new interpretations.

Alabama: The Making of an American State

By Edwin C. Bridges

University Alabama Press
Paperback (264 pages)

Alabama: The Making of an American State
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Alabama: The Making of an American State is itself a watershed event in the long and storied history of the state of Alabama. Here, presented for the first time ever in a single, magnificently illustrated volume, Edwin C. Bridges conveys the magisterial sweep of Alabama’s rich, difficult, and remarkable history with verve, eloquence, and an unblinking eye.
 
From Alabama’s earliest fossil records to its settlement by Native Americans and later by European settlers and African slaves, from its territorial birth pangs and statehood through the upheavals of the Civil War and the civil rights movement, Bridges makes evident in clear, direct storytelling the unique social, political, economic, and cultural forces that have indelibly shaped this historically rich and unique American region.
 
Illustrated lavishly with maps, archival photographs, and archaeological artifacts, as well as art works, portraiture, and specimens of Alabama craftsmanship—many never before published—Alabama: The Making of an American State makes evident as rarely seen before Alabama’s most significant struggles, conflicts, achievements, and developments.
 
Drawn from decades of research and the deep archival holdings of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, this volume will be the definitive resource for decades to come for anyone seeking a broad understanding of Alabama’s evolving legacy.

History Of Alabama And Incidentally Of Georgia And Mississippi From The Earliest Period; Annals Of Alabama 1819-1900

By Albert James Pickett

Kessinger Publishing, LLC
Paperback (772 pages)

History Of Alabama And Incidentally Of Georgia And Mississippi From The Earliest Period; Annals Of Alabama 1819-1900
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This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.

The History of Alabama

By L. D. Miller

Released: 2015-07-20
Kindle Edition (422 pages)

The History of Alabama
 
Product Description:
In its early days, Alabama was considered a part of Spanish Florida. This “History of Alabama” was written both as a textbook, and for general reading. Most students of history are familiar with early U.S. history, including the C.S.A. This volume focuses on Alabama’s role and contributions to the American heritage. It will be useful to both Students and Teachers of U.S. History, and contains a wealth of information on the Civil War period. Appendix 3 supplies names of officers in all the Alabama military units. Some interesting weather stats in Appendix 6 ― This illustrated eBook edition of the 1901 original has been carefully edited for scanning and spelling errors, and is as true to the original as possible. The spelling conventions of the time have generally been left intact. [EDB Pubs]

Alabama Scoundrels: Outlaws, Pirates, Bandits & Bushwhackers (True Crime)

By Kelly Kazek

The History Press
Released: 2014-06-17
Paperback (128 pages)

Alabama Scoundrels: Outlaws, Pirates, Bandits & Bushwhackers (True Crime)
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While legislators were writing the first laws in Alabama, some miscreant citizens were already breaking them, causing disorder and fleeing the hands of justice. Among these were cult-leader-turned-murderer "Bloody" Bob Sims, social-activist-turned-anarchist Albert Parsons, the mysterious hobo bandit Railroad Bill and the nefarious outlaw sheriff Steve Renfroe, who was credited with countless prison escapes, thefts and arson. Legendary Wild West figures Frank and Jesse James also appeared in Alabama, along with numerous other well-known gunslingers, pirates, crooks and desperados. Bushwhackers caused widespread chaos during the Civil War and were considered outlaws depending on which side you supported. Join real-life partners in crime Kelly Kazek and Wil Elrick as they recount the atrocities of some of Alabama's most infamous lawbreakers.

Dead Towns of Alabama

By W. Stuart Harris

University Alabama Press
Paperback (168 pages)

Dead Towns of Alabama
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This easy-to-use reference work documents the many long-vanished towns, forts, settlements, and former state capitals that were once thriving communities of Alabama.

Dead Towns of Alabama is not merely a series of obituaries for dead towns. Instead, it brings back to life 83 Indian towns, 77 fort sites, and 112 colonial, territorial, and state towns. W. Stuart Harris conjures up a wealth of fascinating images from Alabama's rich and colorful past--images of life as the Indians lived it, of colonial life in the wilderness, of Spanish explorers and French exiles, of danger and romance, of riverboats and railroads, of plantations and gold mines, of stagecoaches and ferries. Overall, it presents a thoroughly absorbing panorama of Alabama's early history.

Here we learn about two former capitals--St. Stephens and Cahaba--that have deteriorated to mouldering ruins now. We learn about once thriving communities--county seats, river landings and crossings, trading posts, junctions, and other settlements--that time has forgotten. Absent from most maps, these sites come alive again in Harris's fascinating account, filled anew with the bustling activity of their former inhabitants.

First published in 1977, Dead Towns of Alabama is a unique guidebook to every region of the state. It is an invaluable resource for historians, students, tourists, and anyone interested in exploring Alabama's interesting historical and cultural past.





 

Alabama Genealogy

By Stephanie Pitcher Fishman

Millennia Corporation
Released: 2013-11-15
Kindle Edition (40 pages)

Alabama Genealogy
 
Product Description:
Nestled in the Deep American South, this border state – as in the gulf border – holds the Heart of Dixie in its fields. Alabama has seen changes from a tribal area to a hotbed of activism during the Civil Rights Movement. Whether your family is a long-time resident of the state or landed in her hands as part of one of the many migration periods, this guide will help you discover your family’s story. Learn how Alabama changed your family (and, if you’re lucky, how your family changed Alabama!)

Looking to find those elusive ancestors in The Heart of Dixie? The Alabama Genealogy Legacy QuickGuide™ contains useful information including a timeline of Alabama history events, tips on Alabama research strategy, outline of major immigrant groups, and more. Also included are links to websites and resources covering vital records, church records, census records, as well as general Alabama resources.

Alabama: The History of a Deep South State

By William Warren Rogers & Robert David Ward

Brand: University Alabama Press
Paperback (790 pages)

Alabama: The History of a Deep South State
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Once the home of aboriginal inhabitants, Alabama was claimed and occupied by European nations, later to become a permanent part of the United States. A cotton and slave state for more than half of the 19th century, Alabama declared its independence and joined another nation, the Confederate States of America, for its more than four-year history. The state assumed an uneasy and uncertain place in the 19th century’s last 35 years. Its role in the 20th century has been tumultuous but painfully predictable. This comprehensive history, written in the last decade of that century, presents, explains, and interprets the major events that occurred during Alabama’s history within the larger context of the South and the nation.
 
Alabama: The History of a Deep South State is the first completely new comprehensive account of the state since A.B. Moore’s 1935 work. Divided into three main sections, the first concluding in 1865, the second in 1920, and the third bringing the story to the present, the book’s organization is both chronological and topical.
 
General readers will welcome this modern history of Alabama, which examines such traditional subjects as politics, military events, economics, and broad social movements. Of equal value are sections devoted to race, Indians, women, and the environment, as well as detailed coverage of health, education, organized labor, civil rights, and the many cultural elements—from literature to sport—that have enriched Alabama’s history. The roles of individual leaders, from politicians to creative artists, are discussed. There is as well strong emphasis on the common people, those Alabamians who have been rightly described as the “bone and sinew” of the state.
 
Each section of the book was written by a scholar who has devoted much of his or her professional life to the study of that period of Alabama’s past, and although the three sections reflect individual style and interpretation, the authors have collaborated closely on overall themes and organization. The result is an objective look at the colorful, often controversial, state’s past. The work relies both on primary sources and such important secondary sources as monographs, articles, and unpublished theses and dissertations to provide fresh insights, new approaches, and new interpretations.

Alabama Road Trips

Alabama Media Group
Hardcover (144 pages)

Alabama Road Trips
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Alabama Road Trips gives the reader 52 unique ideas for travel within the state of Alabama. Set a date and pack light. Take a camera. Most of all, be open to creating new memories as you savor the senses in Sweet Home Alabama

Red Eagle and the Wars with the Creek Indians of Alabama

By George Eggleston

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (100 pages)

Red Eagle and the Wars with the Creek Indians of Alabama
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From the “Trail of Tears” to Wounded Knee and Little Bighorn, the narrative of American history is incomplete without the inclusion of the Native Americans that lived on the continent before European settlers arrived in the 16th and 17th centuries. Since the first contact between natives and settlers, tribes like the Sioux, Cherokee, and Navajo have both fascinated and perplexed outsiders with their history, language, and culture. In Charles River Editors’ Native American Tribes series, readers can get caught up to speed on the history and culture of North America’s most famous native tribes in the time it takes to finish a commute, while learning interesting facts long forgotten or never known. Though they are not as well known as tribes like the Sioux or Cherokee, the Creek are one of the oldest and most important Native American tribes in North America. With roots that tie them to the Ancient Moundbuilders, the Creek were one of the most established groups in the Southeastern United States, and came to be known as one of the Five Civilized Tribes. It’s also believed that the Creek were the first natives encountered by Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto’s historic expedition in the mid-16th century. The Creek became known as one of the Five Civilized Tribes for quickly assimilating aspects of European culture, but in response to early European contact, the Muscogee established one of the strongest confederacies in the region. Despite becoming a dominant regional force, however, infighting brought about civil war in the early 19th century, and they were quickly wrapped up in the War of 1812 as well. By the end of that fighting, the Creek were compelled to cede millions of acres of land to the expanding United States, ushering in a new era that found the Creek occupying only a small strip of Alabama by the 1830s.


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